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Effect of Teaching Recommended World Health Organization Technique on the Use of Alcohol-Based Hand Rub by Medical Students

  • S. Tschudin Sutter (a1), R. Frei (a2), M. Dangel (a1) and A. F. Widmer (a1)


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Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland, (


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3.O'Grady, NP, Alexander, M, Dellinger, EP, et al.Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections. MMWR Recomm Rep 2002;51:129.
4.Tablan, OC, Anderson, LJ, Besser, R, Bridges, C, Hajjeh, R; CDC; Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guidelines for preventing health-care-associated pneumonia, 2003: recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. MMWR Recomm Rep 2004;53:136.
5.Trampuz, A, Widmer, AF. Hand hygiene: a frequently missed lifesaving opportunity during patient care. Moyo Clin Proc 2004;79:109116.
6.Lipsett, PA, Swoboda, SM. Handwashing compliance depends on professional status. Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2001;2:241245.
7.Eckmanns, T, Bessert, J, Behnke, M, Gastmeier, P, Ruden, H. Compliance with antseptic hand rub use in intensive care units: the Hawthorne effect. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2006;27:931934.
8.World Health Organization (WHO). WHO guidelines for hand hygiene in health care. Geneva, Switzerland; WHO, 2009.
9.Widmer, AF, Conzelmann, M, Tomic, M, Frei, R, Stranden, AM. Introducing alcohol-based hand rub for hand hygiene: the critical need for training. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007;28:5054.
10.Pittet, D, Dharan, S, Touveneau, S, Sauvan, V, Perneger, TV. Bacterial contamination of the hands of hospital staff during routine patient care. Arch Intern Med 1999;159:821826.
11.Whitby, M, McLaws, ML, Slater, K, Tong, E, Johnson, B. Three successful interventions in health care workers that improve compliance with hand hygiene: is sustained replication possible? Am J Infect Control 2008;36:349355.


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