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Quantitative Antibiogram as a Typing Method for the Prospective Epidemiological Surveillance and Control of MRSA Comparison with Molecular Typing

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Dominique S. Blanc*
Affiliation:
Division of Hospital Preventive Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
Christiane Petignat
Affiliation:
Division of Hospital Preventive Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
Philippe Moreillon
Affiliation:
Division of Infectious Diseases, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
Aline Wenger
Affiliation:
Institute of Microbiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
Jacques Bille
Affiliation:
Institute of Microbiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
Patrick Francioli
Affiliation:
Division of Hospital Preventive Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Division automnome de médecine préventive hospitalière, Centre Hospitalier Univertitaire Vaudois, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland

Abstract

Objective:

Evaluation of the quantitative antibiogram as an epidemiological tool for the prospective typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and comparison with ribotyping.

Methods:

The method is based on the multivariate analysis of inhibition zone diameters of antibiotics in disk diffusion tests. Five antibiotics were used (erythromycin, clindamycin, cotrimoxazole, gentamicin, and ciprofloxacin). Ribotyping was performed using seven restriction enzymes (EcoRV, HindIII, KpnI, PstI, EcoRI, SfuI, and BamHI).

Setting:

1,000-bed tertiary university medical center.

Results:

During a 1-year period, 31 patients were found to be infected or colonized with MRSA. Cluster analysis of antibiogram data showed nine distinct antibiotypes. Four antibiotypes were isolated from multiple patients (2, 4, 7, and 13, respectively). Five additional antibiotypes were isolated from the remaining five patients. When analyzed with respect to the epidemiological data, the method was found to be equivalent to ribotyping.

Among 206 staff members who were screened, six were carriers of MRSA. Both typing methods identified concordant of MRSA types in staff members and in the patients under their care.

Conclusions:

The quantitative antibiogram was found to be equivalent to ribotyping as an epidemiological tool for typing of MRSA in our setting. Thus, this simple, rapid, and readily available method appears to be suitable for the prospective surveillance and control of MRSA for hospitals that do not have molecular typing facilities and in which MRSA isolates are not uniformly resistant or susceptible to the antibiotics tested.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 1996

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