Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

From Handmaidens to POSH Humanitarians: The Case for Making Human Capabilities the Business of I-O Psychology

  • Alexander Gloss (a1), Stuart C. Carr (a2), Walter Reichman (a3), Inusah Abdul-Nasiru (a4) and W. Trevor Oestereich (a5)...

Abstract

Industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology has begun to shed its reputation as a handmaiden to corporate and managerial interests, in part, through its engagement with humanitarian concerns. However, as highlighted by recent commentary, I-O psychology still has a decidedly POSH perspective on the world; that is, it has focused on Professionals who hold Official jobs in a formal economy and who enjoy relative Safety from discrimination while also living in High-income countries. This POSH perspective reflects an underlying bias away from people living in multidimensional poverty. We empirically illustrate some of the connections between a POSH perspective and poverty by reviewing 100 years of research in I-O psychology, and then we make a case for why a neglect of people living in poverty undermines the discipline's science, its practice, and its humanist charge. As moral justification for greater engagement with humanitarian concerns and as a guide to navigate the difficult ethical quandaries involved in doing so, we suggest that I-O psychologists should consider the capability approach. We discuss the concept of human capabilities, relate it to I-O psychology, and demonstrate its utility in the form of three hypothetical scenarios. Perhaps our most controversial claim is that there is a moral imperative for I-O psychology to overrepresent people living in the deepest forms of poverty in both its science and practice.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      From Handmaidens to POSH Humanitarians: The Case for Making Human Capabilities the Business of I-O Psychology
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      From Handmaidens to POSH Humanitarians: The Case for Making Human Capabilities the Business of I-O Psychology
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      From Handmaidens to POSH Humanitarians: The Case for Making Human Capabilities the Business of I-O Psychology
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Alexander Gloss, Department of Psychology, North Carolina State University, 640 Poe Hall, Campus Box 7650, Raleigh, NC 27695-7650. E-mail: alexandergloss@gmail.com

Footnotes

Hide All

This research was supported in part by a grant from the United States National Science Foundation (DGE-0750733). We wish to acknowledge the unusually generous support and patience of all those who expertly reviewed previous versions of this manuscript.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Aguinis, H., & Glavas, A. (2012). What we know and don't know about corporate social responsibility: A review and research agenda. Journal of Management, 38 (4), 932968.
Aguinis, H., & Glavas, A. (2013). Embedded versus peripheral corporate social responsibility: Psychological foundations. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 6 (4), 314332.
Alkire, S. (2005). Why the capability approach? Journal of Human Development, 6 (1), 115135.
Alkire, S. (2008). Choosing dimensions: The capability approach and multidimensional poverty (MPRA Paper No. 8862). Retrieved from mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/8862/
Alkire, S. (2010). Human development: Definitions, critiques, and related concepts (Human development research paper 2010/01). Retrieved from www.undp.org
American Psychological Association. (2017). PsycInfo: About the database. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pubs/databases/psycinfo/
Arnett, J. J. (2008). The neglected 95%: Why American psychology needs to become less American. American Psychologist, 63 (7), 602614.
Asparouhov, T., & Muthén, B. (2009). Exploratory structural equation modeling. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 16 (3), 397438.
Bandura, A. (2006). Toward a psychology of human agency. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1 (2), 164180.
Baritz, L. (1960). The servants of power: A history of the use of social science in American industry. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.
Barker, C., & Pistrang, N. (2005). Quality criteria under methodological pluralism: Implications for conducting and evaluating research. American Journal of Community Psychology, 35 (3–4), 201212.
BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation). (2006, August 22). India wife dies on husband's pyre. Retrieved from news.bbc.co.uk.
Behrend, T. S., Gloss, A. E., & Foster Thompson, L. (2013). Global development through the psychology of workplace technology. In Coovert, M. D., & Foster Thompson, L. (Eds.), The psychology of workplace technology (pp. 261283). New York: Routledge Academic.
Bergman, M. E., & Jean, V. A. (2016). Where have all the “workers” gone? A critical analysis of the unrepresentativeness of our samples relative to the labor market in the industrial–organizational psychology literature. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 9 (1), 84113.
Bernal, G., Cumba-Avilés, E., & Rodriguez-Quintana, N. (2014). Methodological challenges in research with ethnic, racial, and ethnocultural groups. In Comas-Diaz, L. (Ed.), APA handbook of multicultural psychology (Vol. 1): Theory and research (pp. 105123). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Bhattacharya, J., & Banerjee, S. (2012). Women empowerment as multidimensional capability enhancement: An application of structural equation modeling. Poverty & Public Policy, 4 (3), 7998.
Bischoff, K. M., Gielnik, M. M., & Frese, M. (2014). Entrepreneurship training in developing countries. In Olson-Buchanan, J. B., Koppes Bryan, L. L., & Foster Thompson, L. (Eds.), Using industrial-organizational psychology for the greater good: Helping those who help others (pp. 92119). New York: Routledge.
Blustein, D. L., Kenna, A. C., Gill, N., & DeVoy, J. E. (2008). The psychology of working: A new framework for counseling practice and public policy. The Career Development Quarterly, 56 (4), 294308.
Brown, S. D., & Lent, R. W. (2016). Vocational psychology: Agency, equity, and well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 67, 541565.
Carr, S. C. (2011). Discrepancies in aid and development workers’ salaries (Impact Case Study). Swindon, UK: Economic & Social Research Council.
Carr, S. C., & Maclachlan, M. (1998). Psychology in developing countries: Reassessing its impact. Psychology & Developing Societies, 10 (1), 120.
Carr, S. C., MacLachlan, M., & Furnham, A. (Eds.). (2012). Humanitarian work psychology. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Carr, S. C., McWha, I., MacLachlan, M., & Furnham, A. (2010). International–local remuneration differences across six countries: Do they undermine poverty reduction work? International Journal of Psychology, 45 (5), 321340.
Carr, S. C., Parker, J., Arrowsmith, J., Watters, P. A., & Jones, H. (2016). Can a “living wage” springboard human capability? An exploratory study from New Zealand. Labour & Industry, 26, 2439.
Carr, S. C., Thompson, M., Dalal, A. K., de Guzman, J. M., Gloss, A., Munns, L., & Steadman, A. (2014). Psychology and poverty reduction: A global special issue. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 3 (4), 215237.
Cascio, W. F. (2008). To prosper, organizational psychology should . . . bridge application and scholarship. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29, 455468.
Chatterjee, D. (2016). Approaching “Baltimore is burning” from a systems change perspective: Role of I-O psychologists as change agents. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 9 (3), 565572.
Chesler, M. A. (1991). Participatory action research with self-help groups: An alternative paradigm for inquiry and action. American Journal of Community Psychology, 19 (5), 757768.
Chirkov, V., Ryan, R. M., Kim, Y., & Kaplan, U. (2003). Differentiating autonomy from individualism and independence: A self-determination theory perspective on internalization of cultural orientations and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84 (1), 97110.
Chopra, K., & Duraiappah, A. K. (2008). Operationalizing capabilities and freedom in a segmented society: The role of institutions. In Comim, F., Qizilbash, M., & Alkire, S. (Eds.), The capability approach: Concepts, measures and applications. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Chuen Foo, S. (2016). Catch-22 in humanitarian and development work: Emotional exhaustion, withdrawal, health, and work motives of these workers. In McWha-Hermann, I., Maynard, D. C., & O'Neill Berry, M. (Eds.), Humanitarian work psychology and the global development agenda: Case studies and interventions (pp. 113126). London: Routledge.
Comim, F. (2008). Measuring capabilities. In Comim, F., Qizilbash, M., & Alkire, S. (Eds.), The capability approach: Concepts, measures and applications (pp. 157200). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Comim, F., Qizilbash, M., & Alkire, S. (Eds.). (2008). The capability approach: Concepts, measures and applications. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Cooper, S. (2014). A synopsis of South African psychology from apartheid to democracy. American Psychologist, 69 (8), 837847.
Core Humanitarian Standard. (2017). Core humanitarian standard alliance. Retrieved from http://www.chsalliance.org/news/blog/fair-pay
Dalal, A. K. (2010). Disability-poverty nexus: Psycho-social impediments to participatory development. Psychology & Developing Societies, 22 (2), 409437.
DeNavas-Walt, C., & Proctor, B. D. (2015). Income poverty in the United States: 2014 (Current Population Reports). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved from www.census.gov
Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2015). National accounts of subjective well-being. American Psychologist, 70 (3), 234242.
Duran, E., & Duran, B. (1995). Native American postcolonial psychology. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Easterly, W. (2006). White man's burden: Why the West's efforts to aid the rest have done so much ill and so much good. New York: Penguin Press.
Elgar, F. J., & Aitken, N. (2011). Income inequality, trust and homicide in 33 countries. The European Journal of Public Health, 21 (2), 241246.
Estrin, S., Meyer, K. E. & Bytchkova, M. (2006). Entrepreneurship in transition economies. In Casson, M. C., Yeung, B., Basu, A., & Wadeson, N. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of entrepreneurship (pp. 693725). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Follett, M. P. (1919). Community is a process. The Philosophical Review, XXVIII, 576588.
Freire, P. (1970). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum.
Gelfand, M. J., Leslie, L. M., & Fehr, R. (2008). To prosper, organizational psychology should . . . adopt a global perspective. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29 (4), 493517.
Gielnik, M. M., & Frese, M. (2013). Entrepreneurship and poverty reduction: Applying I-O psychology to microbusiness and entrepreneurship in developing countries. In Olson-Buchanan, J. B., Bryan, L. L. Koppes, & Thompson, L. Foster (Eds.), Using industrial-organizational psychology for the greater good: Helping those who help others (pp. 394423). New York: Routledge.
Giovanola, B. (2009). Re-thinking the anthropological and ethical foundation of economics and business: Human richness and capabilities enhancement. Journal of Business Ethics, 88 (3), 431444.
Gloss, A., & Foster Thompson, L. (2013). I-O psychology without borders: The emergence of humanitarian work psychology. In Olson-Buchanan, J. B., Koppes Bryan, L. L., & Thompson, L. F. (Eds.), Using I-O psychology for the greater good: Helping those who help others (pp. 393394). New York: Routledge Academic.
GLOW (Global Living Organizational Wage). (2017). Project GLOW. Retrieved from http://www.massey.ac.nz/project-glow
Green, J. P., & Dalal, R. S. (2016). How journals can facilitate the study of underlying situational characteristics distinguishing worker and professional samples. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 9 (1), 121129.
Greenberg, J. (2009). Everybody talks about organizational justice, but nobody does anything about it. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2 (2), 181195.
Grouzet, F. M. E., Kasser, T., Ahuvia, A., Dols, J. M. F., Kim, Y., Lau, S., . . . Sheldon, K. M. (2005). The structure of goal contents across 15 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89 (5), 800816.
Hakel, M. (2013). Homo economicus, industrial psychology, and the greater good. In Olson-Buchanan, J. B., Koppes Bryan, L. L., & Foster Thompson, L. (Eds.), Using industrial-organizational psychology for the greater good: Helping those who help others (pp. 559566). New York: Routledge.
Hechanova, R. M. (2012). Developing industrial-organizational psychology in a developing country: The Philippine experience (In Foster, L., Gloss, A., & Ward, M. K. [Eds.]., Spotlight on Humanitarian Work Psychology). Industrial Organizational Psychologist, 50 (2), 9196.
Helliwell, J., Layard, R., & Sachs, J. (Eds.). (2012). World happiness report. Retrieved from www.earth.columbia.edu
Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). The weirdest people in the world? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33 (2–3), 6183.
Hidalgo, C. A., Klinger, B., Barabási, A. L., & Hausmann, R. (2007). The product space conditions the development of nations. Science, 317 (5837), 482487.
ILO (International Labour Organization). (2013). The informal economy and decent work: A policy resource guide supporting transition to formality. Retrieved from www.ilo.org.
ILO (International Labour Organization). (2014). World of work report 2014: Developing with jobs. Retrieved from www.ilo.org.
ILO (International Labour Organization). (2016). World employment and social outlook 2016: Transforming jobs to end poverty. Retrieved from www.ilo.org.
International Union of Psychological Science (2008). Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists. Retrieved from http://www.iupsys.net/.
Inglehart, R., & Welzel, C. (2005). Modernization, cultural change, and democracy: The human development sequence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kanfer, R. (1999). Measuring health worker motivation in developing countries (Major Applied Research—Working Paper 1). Bethesda, MD: Partnerships for Health Reform.
Kanter, R. M. (1977). Work and family in the United States: A critical review and agenda for research and policy. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Koppes, L. L. (Ed.). (2007). Historical perspectives in industrial and organizational psychology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Kornhauser, A. W. (1930). Industrial psychology in England, Germany and the United States. Personnel Journal, 8 (6), 421434.
Kornhauser, A. W. (1965). Mental health of the industrial worker: A Detroit study. Oxford, UK: John Wiley.
Kreckel, R. (1980). Unequal opportunity structure and labour market segmentation. Sociology, 14 (4), 525550.
Kuklys, W. (2005). Amartya Sen's capability approach: Theoretical insights and empirical applications. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media.
Lefkowitz, J. (1990). The scientist–practitioner model is not enough. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 28 (1), 4751.
Lefkowitz, J. (2003). Ethics and values in industrial-organizational psychology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Lefkowitz, J. (2009). Promoting employee justice: It's even worse than that. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2 (2), 221225.
Lefkowitz, J. (2011). The science, practice, and morality of work psychology. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 4 (1), 112115.
Lefkowitz, J. (2016). News flash! Work psychology discovers workers! Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 9 (1), 137144.
Lelli, S. (2008). Operationalising Sen's capability approach: The influence of the selected technique. In Comim, F., Qizilbash, M., & Alkire, S. (Eds.), The capability approach: Concepts, measures and applications (pp. 310361). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Likert, R. (1967). The human organization: Its management and values. New York: McGraw-Hill.
MacLachlan, M., Carr, S. C., & McAuliffe, E. (2010). The aid triangle: Recognizing the human dynamics of dominance, justice and identity. London: Fernwood.
Mallory, D., Rupp, D. E., Scott, J. C., Saari, L., Foster, L., Osicki, M., & Sall, E. (2015). Attention all I-O programs: It's time to join the United Nations Global Compact! The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 52 (4), 135136.
Marai, L. (2013). Industrial-organizational psychology in Papua New Guinea (In Foster, L., Gloss, A., & Ward, M. K. [Eds.]., Spotlight on Humanitarian Work Psychology). Industrial Organizational Psychologist, 50 (4), 111114.
Martín-Baró, I. (1994). Writings for a liberation psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Maynard, M. T., Gilson, L. L., & Mathieu, J. E. (2012). Empowerment—fad or fab? A multilevel review of the past two decades of research. Journal of Management, 38 (4), 12311281.
McWha, I. (2011). The roles of, and relationships between, expatriates, volunteers, and local development workers. Development in Practice, 21 (1), 2940.
McWha, I., Gloss, A. E., Godbout, J., Marai, L., Abdul-Nasiru, I., Foster, L., & Berry, M. O. (2013). Humanitarian work psychology: An emerging community of practice in I-O psychology. Cross-Cultural Psychology Bulletin, 45–46, 615.
McWha, I., Mji, G., MacLachlan, M., & Carr, S. C. (2014). Challenges and opportunities to developing South–North program partnerships. In Griffith, R. L., Thompson, L. F., & Armon, B. K. (Eds.), Internationalizing the curriculum in organizational psychology (pp. 1740). New York: Springer.
McWha-Hermann, I., Maynard, D. C., & Berry, M. O. N. (Eds.). (2016). Humanitarian work psychology and the global development agenda: Case studies and interventions. London: Routledge.
Meyer, R. D., Dalal, R. S., & Bonaccio, S. (2009). A meta-analytic investigation into the moderating effects of situational strength on the conscientiousness–performance relationship. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30 (8), 10771102.
Meyer, R. D., Dalal, R. S., & Hermida, R. (2010). A review and synthesis of situational strength in the organizational sciences. Journal of Management, 36 (1), 121140.
Meyer, R. D., Kanfer, R., & Burrus, C. (2016). Improving motivation and performance among frontline healthcare workers in rural India: The role of team-based goals and incentives. In McWha-Hermann, I., Maynard, D. C., & O'Neill Berry, M. (Eds.), Humanitarian work psychology and the global development agenda: Case studies and interventions (pp. 100112). London: Routledge.
Misra, G., & Tripathi, K. N. (2004). Psychological dimensions of poverty and deprivation. In Pandey, J. (Ed.), Psychology in India revisited: Developments in the discipline, Volume 3: Applied social and organizational psychology (pp. 118215). New Delhi, India: Sage.
Mondo, L. J., & Kraut, A. I. (2010). Does globalization change I-O research? Not that much, so far. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 47 (4), 4550.
Mpofu, E. (2002). Psychology in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges, prospects and promises. International Journal of Psychology, 37 (3), 179186.
Myers, C. S. (1929). Industrial psychology. London: Thornton Butterworth.
Myers, C. G. (2016). Where in the world are the workers? Cultural underrepresentation in I-O research. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 9 (1), 144152.
Nussbaum, M. (2003). Capabilities as fundamental entitlements: Sen and social justice. Feminist Economics, 9 (2–3), 3359.
Nylund, K. L., Asparouhov, T., & Muthén, B. O. (2007). Deciding on the number of classes in latent class analysis and growth mixture modeling: A Monte Carlo simulation study. Structural Equation Modeling, 14 (4), 535569.
OECD (Organizational for Economic Cooperation and Development). (2009). Better aid: Aid effectiveness—a progress report on implementing the Paris Declaration. Retrieved from www.oecd.org
OECD (Organizational for Economic Cooperation and Development). (2013). OECD Skills Outlook: First results from the survey of adult skills. Retrieved from www.oecd.org.
Oishi, S. (2014). Socioecological psychology. Annual Review of Psychology, 65, 581609.
Olson-Buchanan, J. B., Koppes-Bryan, L. L., & Foster Thompson, L. (Eds.). (2013). Using industrial-organizational psychology for the greater good: Helping those who help others. New York: Routledge.
Oppong, S. (2013). Industrial-organizational psychology in Ghana (In Foster, L., Gloss, A., & Ward, M. K. [Eds.]., Spotlight on Humanitarian Work Psychology). Industrial Organizational Psychologist, 50 (3), 7983.
Oxfam. (2014). Steps towards a living wage in global supply chains. Oxfam Issue Briefing. Cowley, UK: Oxfam GB.
Pandey, J. (Ed.). (2004). Psychology in India revisited: Developments in the discipline, Volume 3: Applied social and organizational psychology. New Delhi, India: Sage.
Pistrang, N., & Barker, C. (2012). Varieties of qualitative research: A pragmatic approach to selecting methods. In Cooper, H., Camic, P. M., Long, D. L., Panter, A. T., Rindskopf, D., & Sher, K. (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology, Volume 2: Research designs: Quantitative, qualitative, neuropsychological, and biological (pp. 518). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Porter, M. E., & Kramer, M. R. (2011). The big idea: Creating shared value. Harvard Business Review, 89 (1), 217.
Prilleltensky, I. (2014). Justice and human development. International Journal of Educational Psychology, 3 (3), 287305.
Rauch, A., & Frese, M. (2007). Let's put the person back into entrepreneurship research: A meta-analysis on the relationship between business owners' personality traits, business creation, and success. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 16 (4), 353385.
Rawls, J. (2001). Justice as fairness: A restatement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Reckase, M. (2009). Multidimensional item response theory. New York: Springer.
Reichman, W. (Ed). (2014). Industrial and organizational psychology help the vulnerable: Serving the underserved. New York: Springer.
Renouard, C. (2011). Corporate social responsibility, utilitarianism, and the capability approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 98 (1), 8597.
Ruggs, E. N., Hebl, M. R., Rabelo, V. C., Weaver, K. B., Kovacs, J., & Kemp, A. S. (2016). Baltimore is burning: Can IO psychologists help extinguish the flames? Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 9 (3), 123.
Ruggs, E. N., Law, C., Cox, C. B., Roehling, M. V., Wiener, R. L., Hebl, M. R., & Barron, L. (2013). Gone fishing: I–O psychologists' missed opportunities to understand marginalized employees' experiences with discrimination. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 6 (1), 3960.
Rupp, D. E., & Mallory, D. B. (2015). Corporate social responsibility: Psychological, person-centric, and progressing. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2 (1), 211236.
Rupp, D. E., Skarlicki, D., & Shao, R. (2013). The psychology of corporate social responsibility and humanitarian work: A person-centric perspective. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 6 (4), 361368.
Ryan, A. M., & Gelfand, M. (2012). Going global: Internationalizing the organizational psychology curriculum. In Leong, F. T. L., Pickren, W. E., Leach, M. M., & Marsella, A. J. (Eds.), Internationalizing the psychology curriculum in the United States (pp. 245261). New York: Springer.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55 (1), 6878.
Saxena, M., Sall, E., Scott, J. C., Rupp, D. E., Saari, L., Foster, L., . . . Mallory, D. (2015). News from the SIOP-United Nations team: Exploring work experiences of informal workers and promoting decent work for all. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 53 (1), 172175.
Schein, V. E. (2012). Women, work, and poverty: Reflections on research for social change. In Carr, S. C., MacLachlan, M., & Furnham, A. (Eds.), Humanitarian work psychology (pp. 249265). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Schwartz, B. (2000). Self-determination: The tyranny of freedom. American Psychologist, 55 (1), 7988.
Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25, 165.
Scott, J. C. (2011). SIOP granted NGO consultative status with the United Nations. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 49 (2), 111113.
Sen, A. (1992). Inequality reexamined. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
Sen, A. (1999). Development as freedom. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sen, A. (2009). The idea of justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Shouksmith, G. (1996). History of psychology in developing countries. In Carr, S. C. & Schumaker, J. F. (Eds.), Psychology and the developing world (pp. 1525). London: Praeger.
Shrivastava, S., Jones, R., Selvarajah, C., & Van Gramberg, B. (2016). Organisational justice: A Senian perspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 135 (1), 99116.
Singh, G. K., & Siahpush, M. (2006). Widening socioeconomic inequalities in US life expectancy, 1980–2000. International Journal of Epidemiology, 35 (4), 969979.
Spreitzer, G. M. (2008). Taking stock: A review of more than twenty years of research on empowerment at work. In Cooper, C. & Barling, J. (Eds.), Handbook of organizational behavior (pp. 5473). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Stainback, K., Tomaskovic-Devey, D., & Skaggs, S. (2010). Organizational approaches to inequality: Inertia, relative power, and environments. Annual Review of Sociology, 36, 225247.
Tay, L., Meade, A. W., & Cao, M. (2015). An overview and practical guide to IRT measurement equivalence analysis. Organizational Research Methods, 18 (1), 346.
Tickameyer, A. R., & Duncan, C. M. (1990). Poverty and opportunity structure in rural America. Annual Review of Sociology, 16, 6786.
Trimble, J. E., Scharrón-del Río, M., & Casillas, D. (2014). Ethical matters and contentions in the principled conduct of research with ethnocultural communities. In Leong, F. T. L., Comas-Dias, L., Hall, G. N., McLloyd, V., & Trimble, J. E. (Eds.), APA handbook of multicultural psychology (pp. 5982). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Umberson, D., Olson, J. S., Crosnoe, R., Liu, H., Pudrovska, T., & Donnelly, R. (2017). Death of family members as an overlooked source of racial disadvantage in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114 (5), 915920.
UN (United Nations). (2016). Behavioural insights at the United Nations: Achieving agenda 2030. United Nations.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). (1990). Human development report. Retrieved from www.undp.org.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). (2014). Barriers and opportunities at the base of the pyramid: The role of the private sector in inclusive development. Retrieved from www.undp.org.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). (2015a). Human development report: Work for human development. Retrieved from www.undp.org.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). (2015b). Human development reports: Public data explorer. Retrieved from www.undp.org.
UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund). (2016). Child labour: Current status + progress. Retrieved from www.unicef.org.
Van de Vliert, E. (2013). Climato-economic habitats support patterns of human needs, stresses, and freedoms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36 (5), 465480.
Weiss, H. M., & Rupp, D. E. (2011). Experiencing work: An essay on a personcentric work psychology. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 4 (1), 8397.
Wilkinson, R. G., & Pickett, K. E. (2006). Income inequality and population health: A review and explanation of the evidence. Social Science and Medicine, 62, 17681784.
Bank, World. (2012). World Development Report 2013: Jobs. Washington, DC: Author. doi: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9575-2
Zickar, M. J., & Highhouse, S. (2001). Measuring prestige of journals in industrial-organizational psychology. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 38 (4), 2936.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed