Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Indian Voice: Connecting Self-Representation and Identity Formulation in Diaspora

  • Saima Nasar

Abstract

This article examines a previously overlooked publication titled The Indian Voice of British East Africa, Uganda and Zanzibar. Printed in Nairobi between 1911 and 1913, the Indian Voice has been dismissed by some scholars as “insignificant” in the wider context of Kenya’s militant press. As an important tool for discovering, exploring and analyzing the nature of racial hierarchies, diasporic identity and belonging, this article argues that the Indian Voice can be used to understand how “new kinds of self-representation” both emerged and dissolved in early twentieth-century East Africa. By contextualizing the historical significance of the newspaper, it demonstrates how the Indian Voice offers an invaluable means of generating new insights into the complex cultural and political formulations of Indian identities in diaspora. In doing so, this article contributes to remapping the historical perspective of East African Indians within the early colonial period.

Cet article a pour objet un journal que l’historiographie a négligé jusqu’à présent, The Indian Voice of East Africa, Uganda and Zanzibar [‘La Voix des Indiens en Afrique de l’est, en Ouganda et à Zanzibar’]. Publié à Nairobi entre 1911 et 1913, The Indian Voice est jugé par certains historiens “de peu d’importance” dans le contexte de la presse militante au Kenya; or, il s’agit d’une source importante pour mettre en lumière, explorer et analyser la nature des hiérarchies raciales, des identités diasporiques, et de la construction des appartenances. Cet article soutient qu’on peut utiliser The Indian Voice pour mieux comprendre l’émergence ainsi que la dissolution de “nouvelles sortes de représentation de soi” en Afrique de l’est aux débuts du vingtième siècle. En replaçant l’importance historique du journal dans son contexte, il montre que The Indian Voice offre un moyen précieux de produire de nouveaux aperçus de l’élaboration culturelle et politique complexe des identités indiennes dans la diaspora. L’article contribue ainsi à redessiner la perspective historique des Indiens de l’Afrique de l’est à l’époque coloniale.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Aiyar, Sana, “Anticolonial Homelands across the Indian Ocean: The Politics of the Indian Diaspora in Kenya, ca. 1930–1950,” The American Historical Review 116-4 (2011), 9871013.
Bhatia, Prem N., Indian Ordeal in Africa (Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, 1973).
Barber, Karin, Africa’s Hidden Histories: Everyday Literacies and Making the Self (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006).
Barber, Karin, The Anthropology of Texts, Persons and Publics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).
Bayly, Susan, “Imagining ‘Greater India:’ French and Indian Visions of Colonialism in the Indic Mode,” Modern Asian Studies 38-3 (2004), 703744.
Bertz, Ned, “Indian Ocean World Cinema: Viewing the History of Race, Diaspora and Nationalism in Urban Tanzania,” Africa 81-2 (2011), 6888.
Blyth, Robert J.The Empire of the Raj: India, Eastern Africa and the Middle East, 1858–1947 (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003).
Bose, Sugata, A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2006).
Calhoun, Craig, Habermas and the Public Sphere (London: MIT Press, 1993).
Cohen, Robin, Cambridge Survey of World Migration (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Conboy, Martin, The Language of Newspapers: Socio-Historical Perspective (London: Continuum, 2010).
Curthoys, Ann, and Lake, Marilyn (eds.), Connected Worlds: History in Transnational Perspective (Canberra: Australian National University E Press, 2005).
Durrani, Shiraz, Never be Silent: Publishing and Imperialism in Kenya, 1884–1963 (London: Vita Books, 2006).
Frederiksen, Bodil Folke, “Print Newspapers and Audiences in Colonial Kenya: African and Indian Improvement, Protest and Connection,” Africa 81-1 (2011) 155172.
Ghai, Yash P., and Ghai, Dharam P., The Asian Minorities in East and Central Africa (London, Minority Rights Group, 1971).
Gregory, Robert, India and East Africa: a History of Race Relations within the British Empire, 1890–1939 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971).
Gregory, Robert, The Rise and Fall of Philanthropy in East Africa: the Asian Contribution (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1992).
Gregory, Robert, Quest for Equality: Asians’ Politics in East Africa, 1900–1967 (Hyderbad: Orient Longman, 1993).
Habermas, Jürgen, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: an Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991).
Harper, Tim N., “Globalism and the Pursuit of Authenticity: The Making of a Diasporic Public Sphere in Singapore,” Sojourn 12-2 (1997), 261292.
Harper, Tim N, “Empire, Diaspora, and the Languages of Globalism, 1850–1914,” in: Hopkins, Anthony G. (ed.), Globalization in World History (New York: W.W. Norton, 2002), 141166.
Herzig, Pascale, South Asians in Kenya: Gender, Generation and Changing Identities in Diaspora (Münster: Lit Verlag, 2006).
Hofmeyr, Isabel, “The Idea of ‘Africa’ in Indian Nationalism: Reporting the Diaspora in The Modern Review 1907–1929,” South African Historical Journal 57-1 (2007), 6081.
Hofmeyr, Isabel, “The Black Atlantic Meets the Indian Ocean: Forging New Paradigms of Transnationalism for the Global South—Literary and Cultural Perspectives,” Social Dynamics 33-2 (2007), 332.
Hofmeyr, Isabel, Gandhi’s Printing Press: Experiments in Slow Reading (Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press, 2013).
Hofmeyr, Isabel, Kaarsholm, Preben and Frederiksen, Bodil Folke, “Introduction: Print Cultures, Nationalisms and Publics of the Indian Ocean,” Africa 81-1 (2011), 122.
Lemon, Anthony, and Pollack, Norman C., Studies in Overseas Settlement and Population (London: Longman, 1980).
Mangat, Jagjit S., A History of the Asians in East Africa, c.1886 to 1945 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969).
Nair, Savita, “Moving Life Histories: Gujarat, East Africa and the Indian Diaspora, 1880–2000,” PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 2001).
Orsini, Francesca, The Hindi Public Sphere 1920–1940: Language and Literature in an Age of Nationalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).
Patel, Zarina, Alibhai Mulla Jeevanjee, (Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, 2002).
Rothchild, Donald S., Racial Bargaining in Independent Kenya, a Study of Minorities and Decolonization (London: Oxford University Press, 1973).
Seidenberg, Dana A., Uhuru and the Kenya Indians: the Role of a Minority Community in Kenya Politics, 1939–1963 (London: Stosius Inc/Advent Books Division, 1983).
Seidenberg, Dana A., Mercantile Adventurers, the World of East African Asians, 1750–1985 (New Delhi: New Age International, 1996).
Swainson, Nicola, The Development of Corporate Capitalism in Kenya, 1918–77 (London/Los Angeles: Heinemann/University of California Press, 1980).
Turner, Victor W., The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure (London: Routledge, 1969).
Whittier, John G., The Complete Poetical Works of John Greenleaf Whittier (New York: Kessinger Publishing, 2003).

The Indian Voice: Connecting Self-Representation and Identity Formulation in Diaspora

  • Saima Nasar

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed