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New diminutive camerate crinoids from the Ludlow of Oklahoma

  • T. J. Frest (a1) and H. L. Strimple (a1)

Summary

Two new camerate crinoids from the Henryhouse (Ludlow) of Oklahoma are evolutionarily convergent on monocyclic inadunates. The prokopicrinid Nanicrinus (new) has a calyx consisting only of three basals (small basal in EA interrary) and five radials. The anal opening is bordered by two radials. Praedicticrinus (new) is a hirneacrinid with anal X as the sole interradial plate participating in the calyx and small basal located in DE interray. Assignment to the Camerata is based largely on presumed phylogenetic relationships. The similar-appearing Permian genera Plesiocrinus, Eutelecrinus, Metaeutelecrinus (new) and Paraeutelecrinus (new) are probable prokopicrinid homeomorphs derived from platycrinitid ancestors. They are assigned to the new family Eutelecrinidae. Adaptation of the definition of homeomorphy utilized by Chauff & Klapper (1978) is advocated for supposed paleontologic cases.

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New diminutive camerate crinoids from the Ludlow of Oklahoma

  • T. J. Frest (a1) and H. L. Strimple (a1)

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