Acosta-Vigil, A, London, D, Morgan, GB VI, Cesare, B, Buick, B, Hermann, J and Bartoli, O (2017) Primary crustal melt compositions: insights into the controls, mechanisms and timing of generation from kinetics experiments and melt inclusions. Lithos 286–287, 454–79.
Barker, FF (1979) Trondhjemites: definition, environment, and hypotheses of origin. In Trondhjemites, Dacites and Related Rocks (ed. Barker, FF), pp. 1–12. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Ben Othman, D, Polvé, M and Allègre, CJ (1984) Nd–Sr isotopic composition of granulites and constraints on the evolution of the lower continental crust. Nature 307, 510–5.
Bénard, F, Moutou, P and Pichavant, M (1985) Phase relations of tourmaline leucogranites and the significance of tourmaline in silicic magmas. Journal of Geology 93, 271–91.
Berger, A, Burri, T, Alt-Epping, P and Engi, M (2008) Tectonically controlled fluid flow and water-assisted melting in the middle crust: an example from the Central Alps. Lithos 102, 598–615.
Blake, DH and Page, RW (1988) The Proterozoic Davenport province, central Australia: regional geology and geochronology. Precambrian Research 40–41, 329–40.
Braun, I, Raith, M and Kumar, GRR (1996) Dehydration-melting phenomena in leptynitic gneisses and the generation of leucogranites: a case study from the Kerala Khondalite Belt, southern India. Journal of Petrology 37, 1285–305.
Brown, M (1973) The definition of metatexis, diatexis and migmatite. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 84, 371–82.
Brown, M (1994) The generation, segregation, ascent and emplacement of granite magma: the migmatite-to-crustally-derived granite connection in thickened orogens. Earth-Science Reviews 36, 83–130.
Brown, M (2001) Orogeny, migmatites and leucogranites: a review. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science (Earth and Planetary Science) 110, 313–36.
Brown, M (2010) The spatial and temporal patterning of the deep crust and implications for the process of melt extraction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series A 368, 11–51.
Brown, M (2013) Granite: from genesis to emplacement. Geological Society of America Bulletin 125, 1079–113.
Brown, M and Korhonen, FJ (2009) Some remarks on melting and extreme metamorphism of crustal rocks. In Physics and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (eds Gupta, AK and Dasgupta, S), pp. 67–87. New York: Indian National Science Academy, Springer (India) Private Limited.
Brown, M, Rushmer, T and Sawyer, EW (1995) Introduction to special section: mechanisms and consequences of melt segregation from crustal protoliths. Journal of Geophysical Research 100, 15551–63.
Brown, CR, Yakymchuk, C, Brown, M, Fanning, CM, Korhonen, FJ, Piccoli, PM and Siddoway, CS (2016) From source to sink: petrogenesis of Cretaceous anatectic granites from the Fosdick migmatite–granite complex, West Antarctica. Journal of Petrology 57, 1241–78.
Buick, IS, Stevens, G and Gibson, RL (2004) The role of water retention in the anatexis of metapelites in the Bushveld Complex Aureole, South Africa: an experimental study. Journal of Petrology 45, 1777–97.
Carvalho, BB, Sawyer, EW and Janasi, VA (2016) Crustal reworking in a shear zone: transformation of metagranite to migmatite. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 34, 237–64.
Chorlton, LB and Martin, RF (1978) The effect of boron on the granite solidus. Canadian Mineralogist 16, 239–44.
Clarke, GL, Collins, WJ and Vernon, RH (1990) Successive overprinting granulite facies metamorphic events in the Anmatjira Range, central Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 8, 65–88.
Clarke, GL, Fitzherbert, JA, Milan, LA, Daczko, NR and Degeling, HS (2010) Anti-clockwise P-T paths in the lower crust: an example from a kyanite-bearing regional aureole, George Sound, New Zealand. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 28, 77–96.
Clemens, JD (2006) Melting of the continental crust: fluid regimes, melting reactions, and source-rock fertility. In Evolution and Differentiation of the Continental Crust (eds Brown, M and Rushmer, T), pp. 297–331. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clemens, JD and Holness, MB (2000) Textural evolution and partial melting of arkose in a contact aureole: a case study and implications. Visual Geosciences 5, 1–14.
Clemens, JD and Vielzeuf, D (1987) Constraints on melting and magma production in the crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 86, 287–306.
Coggon, R and Holland, TJB (2002) Mixing properties of phengitic micas and revised garnet-phengite thermobarometers. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20, 683–96.
Collins, WJ and Vernon, RH (1992) Palaeozoic arc growth, deformation and migration across the Lachlan Fold Belt, southeastern Australia. In The Palaeozoic Eastern Margin of Gondwanaland: Tectonics of the Lachlan Fold Belt, Southeastern Australia and Related Orogens (eds Fergusson, CL and Glen, RA). Tectonophysics 214, 381–400.
Compston, DM (1995) Time constraints on the evolution of the Tennant Creek Block, northern Australia. Precambrian Research 71, 107–29.
Craven, SJ, Daczko, NR and Halpin, JA (2012) Thermal gradient and timing of high-T–low-P metamorphism in the Wongwibinda Metamorphic Complex, southern New England Orogen, Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 30, 3–20.
Craven, SJ, Daczko, NR and Halpin, JA (2013) High-T–low-P thermal anomalies superposed on biotite-grade rocks, Wongwibinda Metamorphic Complex, southern New England Orogen, Australia: heat advection by aqueous fluid? Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 60, 621–35.
Droop, GTR and Brodie, KH (2012) Anatectic melt volumes in the thermal aureole of the Etive Complex, Scotland: the roles of fluid-present and fluid-absent melting. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 30, 843–64.
Droop, GTR, Clemens, JD and Dalrymple, DJ (2003) Processes and conditions during contact anatexis, melt escape and restite formation: the Huntly Gabbro complex, NE Scotland. Journal of Petrology 44, 995–1029.
Etheridge, MA, Wall, VJ and Cox, SF (1984) High fluid pressures during regional metamorphism and deformation: implications for mass transport and deformation mechanisms. Journal of Geophysical Research 89, 4344–58.
Fyfe, WS (1973) The granulite facies, partial melting and the Archean crust. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A 273, 457–61.
Genier, F, Bussy, FO, Epard, J-L and Baumgartner, L (2008) Water-assisted migmatization of metagraywackes in a Variscan shear zone, Aiguilles-Rouges massif, western Alps. Lithos 102, 575–97.
Grant, JA (2009) THERMOCALC and experimental modelling of melting of pelite, Morton Pass, Wyoming. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 27, 571–8.
Greenfield, JE, Clarke, GL, Bland, M and Clark, DC (1996) In-situ migmatite and hybrid diatexite at Mt Stafford, central Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 14, 413–26.
Greenfield, JE, Clarke, GL and White, RW (1998) A sequence of partial melting reactions at Mt. Stafford, central Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 16, 363–78.
Guilmette, C, Indares, A and Hébert, R (2011) High-pressure anatectic paragneisses from the Namche Barwa, Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis: textural evidence for partial melting, phase equilibria modeling and tectonic implications. Lithos 124, 66–81.
Hanson, RB and Barton, MD (1989) Magmatism and the development of low-pressure metamorphic belts: implications from the western United States and thermal modelling. Geological Society of America Bulletin 101, 1051–65.
Harte, B, Hunter, RH and Kinny, PD (1993) Melt geometry, movement and crystallisation, in relation to mantle dykes, veins and metasomatism. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A 342, 1–21.
Harte, B, Pattison, DRM and Linklater, CM (1991) Field relations and petrography of partially melted pelitic and semi-pelitic rocks. In Equilibrium and Kinetics in Contact Metamorphism, the Ballachulish Igneous Complex and its Aureole (eds Voll, G, Töpel, J, Pattison, DRM and Seifert, F), pp. 182–210. Berlin: Springer.
Holland, TJB and Powell, R (1998) An internally consistent thermodynamic data set for phases of petrological interest. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 16, 309–43.
Holland, TJB and Powell, R (2003) Activity–composition relations for phases in petrological calculations: an asymmetric multicomponent formulation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 145, 492–501.
Holness, MB, Cesare, B and Sawyer, EW (2011) Melted rocks under the microscope: microstructures and their interpretation. Elements 7, 247–52.
Holness, MB and Clemens, JD (1999) Partial melting of the Appin Quartzite driven by fracture-controlled H2O infiltration in the aureole of the Ballachulish Igneous Complex, Scottish Highlands. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 136, 154–68.
Holness, MB and Sawyer, EW (2008) On the pseudomorphing of melt-filled pores during the crystallization of migmatites. Journal of Petrology 49, 1343–63.
Holtz, F and Johannes, W (1991) Genesis of peraluminous granites I: experimental investigation of melt compositions at 3 and 5 MPa and various H2O activities. Journal of Petrology 32, 935–58.
Johannes, W and Holtz, F (1990) Formation and composition of H2O-undersaturated granitic melts. In High-Temperature Metamorphism and Crustal Anatexis (eds Ashworth, JR and Brown, M), pp. 87–104. London: Unwin Hyman.
Johannes, W and Holtz, F (1996) Petrogenesis and Experimental Petrology of Granitic Rocks. Berlin: Springer, 335 pp.
Johnson, TE, Brown, M and Solar, GS (2003) Low-pressure subsolidus and suprasolidus phase equilibria in the MnNCKFMASH system: constraints on conditions of regional metamorphism in western Maine, northern Appalachians. American Mineralogist 88, 624–38.
Johnson, TE, Hudson, N and Droop, G (2001) Melt segregation structures within the Inzie Head gneisses of the northeastern Dalradian. Scottish Journal of Geology 37, 59–72.
Johnson, TE, White, RW and Brown, M (2011) A year in the life of an aluminous metapelite xenolith–the role of heating rates, reaction overstep, H2O retention and melt loss. Lithos 124, 132–43.
Kalt, A, Berger, A and Blumel, P (1999) Metamorphic evolution of cordierite-bearing migmatites from the Bayerische Wald (Variscan Belt, Germany). Journal of Petrology 40, 601–27.
Kerrick, DM (1991) Overview of contact metamorphism. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 26, 1–12.
Koester, E, Pawley, AR, Fernandes, LAD, Porcher, CC and Soiani, E (2002) Experimental melting of cordierite gneiss and the petrogenesis of syntranscurrent peraluminous granites in southern Brazil. Journal of Petrology 43, 1595–616.
Laporte, D, Rapa, Ille C and Provost, A (1997) Wetting angles, equilibrium melt geometry, and the permeability threshold of partially molten crustal protoliths. In Granite: From Segregation of Melt to Emplacement Fabrics (eds Bouchez, JL, Hutton, DHW and Stephens, WE), pp. 31–54. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Le Breton, N and Thompson, AB (1988) Fluid-absent (dehydration) melting of biotite in metapelites in the early stages of crustal anatexis. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 99, 226–37.
Marchildon, N and Brown, M (2002) Grain-scale melt distribution in two contact aureole rocks: implications for controls on melt localisation and deformation. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20, 381–96.
McKenzie, D (1984) The generation and compaction of partially molten rock. Journal of Petrology 25, 713–65.
Mehnert, KR (1968) Migmatites and the Origin of Granitic Rocks. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 393 pp.
Noakes, LC (1953) The structure of the Northern Territory with relation to mineralization. In Geology of Australian Ore Deposits. Fifth Empire Mining and Metallurgical Congress, Australia and New Zealand (ed. Edwards, AB), pp. 284–96. Melbourne: Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.
Patiño-Douce, AE (1996) Effects of pressure and H2O content on the compositions of primary crustal melts. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 87, 11–21.
Patiño-Douce, AE and Beard, JS (1995) Dehydration-melting of biotite gneiss and quartz amphibolite from 3 to 15 kbar. Journal of Petrology 36, 707–38.
Patiño-Douce, AE and Harris, NBW (1998) Experimental constraints on Himalayan anatexis. Journal of Petrology 39, 689–710.
Patiño-Douce, AE and Johnson, AD (1991) Phase equilibria and melt productivity in the pelitic system: implication for the origin of peraluminous granitoids and aluminous granulites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 107, 202–18.
Patiño-Douce, AE and McCarthy, TC (1998) Melting of crustal rocks during continental collision and subduction. In When Continents Collide: Geodynamics and Geochemistry of Ultrahigh-Pressure Rocks (eds Hacker, BR and Liou, JG), pp. 27–55. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Pattison, DRM and Harte, B (1988) Evolution of structurally contrasting anatectic migmatites in the 3-kbar Ballachulish aureole, Scotland. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 6, 475–94.
Pichavant, M (1981) An experimental study of the effect of boron on a water saturated haplogranite at 1 kbar vapour pressure. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 76, 430–9.
Powell, R (1983) Processes in granulite-facies metamorphism. In Migmatites, Melting and Metamorphism (eds Atherton, MP and Gribble, CD), pp. 127–39. Nantwich, Cheshire: Shiva.
Powell, R, Holland, TJB and Worley, B (1998) Calculating phase diagram involving solid solutions via no-linear equations, with examples using THERMOCALC. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 16, 577–86.
Puziewicz, J and Johannes, W (1988) Phase equilibria and compositions of Fe–Mg–Al minerals and melts in water-saturated peraluminous granitic systems. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 100, 156–68.
Rabinowicz, M and Vigneresse, JÄ (2004) Melt segregation under compaction and shear channeling: application to granitic magma segregation in a continental crust. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 109, 1978–2012.
Redler, C,White, RW and Johnson, TE (2013) Migmatites in the Ivrea Zone (NW Italy): constraints on partial melting and melt loss in metasedimentary rocks from Val Strona di Omegna. Lithos 175–176, 40–53.
Reichardt, H and Weinberg, RF (2012) Hornblende chemistry in meta- and diatexites and its retention in the source of leucogranites: an example from the Karakoram Shear Zone, NW India. Journal of Petrology 53, 1287–318.
Rigby, MJ, Droop, GTR and Bromiley, GD (2008) Variations in fluid activity across the Etive thermal aureole, Scotland: evidence from cordierite volatile contents. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 26, 331–46.
Rosenberg, CL and Handy, MR (2005) Experimental deformation of partially melted granite revisited: implications for the continental crust. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 23, 19–28.
Rosenberg, CL and Riller, U (2000) Partial melt topology in statically and dynamically recrystallised granite. Geology 28, 7–10.
Rubatto, D, Hermann, J and Buick, IS (2006) Temperature and bulk composition control on the growth of monazite and zircon during low-pressure anatexis (Mount Stafford, central Australia). Journal of Petrology 47, 1973–96.
Sawyer, EW (2010) Migmatites formed by water-fluxed partial melting of a leucogranodiorite protolith: microstructures in the residual rocks and source of the fluid. Lithos 116, 273–86.
Scrimgeour, I, Smith, JB and Raith, JG (2001) Palaeoproterozoic high-T, low-P metamorphism and dehydration melting in metapelites from the Mopunga Range, Arunta Inlier, central Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 19, 739–57.
Skjerlie, KP and Johnston, AD (1992) Vapor-absent melting at 10 kbar of a biotite- and amphibole-bearing tonalitic gneiss: implications for the generation of A-type granites. Geology 20, 263–6.
Skjerlie, KP, Patiño-Douce, AE and Johnston, AD (1993) Fluid absent melting of a layered crustal protolith: implications for the generation of anatectic granites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 114, 365–78.
Slagstad, T, Jamieson, RA and Culshaw, NG (2005) Formation, crystallization, and migration of melt in the mid-orogenic crust: Muskoka domain migmatites, Grenville Province, Ontario. Journal of Petrology 46, 893–919.
Solar, GS and Brown, M (2001) Petrogenesis of migmatites in Maine, USA. Possible source of peraluminous granite in plutons. Journal of Petrology 42, 789–823.
Stevens, G, Clemens, JD and Droop, GTR (1997) Melt production during granulite-facies anatexis: experimental data from “primitive” metasedimentary protoliths. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 128, 352–70.
Stewart, AJ (1981) Reynolds Range Region, Northern Territory, 1:100 000 Geological Map Commentary. Canberra, ACT: Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, 22 pp.
Stewart, AJ, Shaw, RD and Black, LP (1984) The Arunta Inlier: a complex ensialic mobile belt in central Australia. Part 1: stratigraphy, correlations and origin. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 31, 445–55.
Stuart, CA, Daczko, NR and Piazolo, S (2017) Local partial melting of the lower crust triggered by hydration through melt–rock interaction: an example from Fiordland, New Zealand. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 35, 213–30.
Stuart, CA, Piazolo, S and Daczko, NR (2016) Mass transfer in the lower crust: evidence for incipient melt assisted flow along grain boundaries in the deep arc granulites of Fiordland, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 17, 3733–53.
Thompson, AB (1982) Dehydration melting of pelitic rocks and the generation of H2O-undersaturated granitic liquids. American Journal of Science 282, 1567–95.
Thompson, AB and Connolly, JAD (1995) Melting of the continental crust: some thermal and petrological constraints on anatexis in continental collision zones and other tectonic settings. Journal of Geophysical Research 100, 15565–79.
Tuttle, OF and Bowen, NL (1958) Origin of Granite in the Light of Experimental Studies in the System NaA1Si3O8–KA1Si3O8–SiO2–H2O. Geological Society of America Memoir no. 74.
Vernon, RH, Clarke, GL and Collins, WJ (1990) Local, mid-crustal granulite facies metamorphism and melting: an example in the Mount Stafford area, central Australia. In High Temperature Metamorphism and Crustal Anatexis (eds Ashworth, JR and Brown, M), pp. 272–319. London: Unwin Hyman.
Vielzeuf, D and Holloway, JR (1988) Experimental determination of the fluid-absent melting relations in the pelitic system. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 98, 257–76.
Vielzeuf, D and Montel, JM (1994) Partial melting of metagreywackes. Part I. Fluid-absent experiments and phase relationships. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 117, 375–93.
Vry, J, Compston, W and Cartwright, I (1996) SHRIMP II dating of zircons and monazites: reassessing the timing of high-grade metamorphism and fluid flow in the Reynolds Range, northern Arunta Block, Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 14, 335–50.
Walte, NP, Bons, PD and Passchier, CW (2005) Deformation of melt-bearing systems – insight from in situ grain-scale analogue experiments. Journal of Structural Geology 27, 1666–79.
Wang, W, Dunkley, E, Clarke, GL and Daczko, NR (2014a) The evolution of zircon during low-P partial melting of metapelitic rocks: theoretical predictions and a case study from Mt Stafford, central Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 32, 791–808.
Wang, W, Liu, XS, Hu, JM, Li, ZH, Zhao, Y, Zhai, MG, Liu, XC, Clarke, GL, Zhang, SH and Qu, HJ (2014b) Late Paleoproterozoic medium-P high grade metamorphism of basement rocks beneath the northern margin of the Ordos Basin, NW China: petrology, phase equilibrium modelling and U–Pb geochronology. Precambrian Research 251, 181–96.
Ward, R, Stevens, G and Kisters, A (2008) Fluid and deformation induced partial melting and melt volumes in low-temperature granulite-facies metasediments, Damara Belt, Namibia. Lithos 105, 253–71.
Warren, RG (1983) Metamorphic and tectonic evolution of granulites, Arunta Block, central Australia. Nature 305, 300–3.
Weinberg, RF and Hasalová, P (2015) Water-fluxed melting of the continental crust: a review. Lithos 212–215, 158–88.
Wells, PRA (1981) Accretion of continental crust: thermal and geochemical consequences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A 301, 347–57.
White, AJR, Chappell, BW and Cleaty, JR (1974) Geologic setting and emplacement of some Australian Paleozoic batholiths and implications for intrusion mechanisms. Pacific Geology 8, 159–71.
White, RW, Pomroy, NE and Powell, R (2005) An in-situ metatexite-diatexite transition in upper amphibolite facies rocks from Broken Hill, Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 23, 579–602.
White, RW and Powell, R (2002) Melt loss and the preservation of granulite facies mineral assemblages. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20, 621–32.
White, RW, Powell, R and Clarke, GL (2002) The interpretation of reaction textures in Fe-rich metapelitic granulites of the Musgrave Block, central Australia: constraints from mineral equilibria calculations in the system K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3– SiO2–H2O–TiO2–Fe2O3. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20, 41–55.
White, RW, Powell, R and Clarke, GL (2003) Prograde metamorphic assemblage evolution during partial melting of metasedimentary rocks at low pressures: migmatites from Mt Stafford, central Australia. Journal of Petrology 44, 1931–60.
White, RW, Powell, R and Holland, TJW (2001) Calculation of partial melting equilibria in the system Na2O–CaO–K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O (NCKFMASH). Journal of Metamorphic Geology 19, 139–53.
White, RW, Powell, R and Holland, TJB (2007) Progress relating to calculation of partial melting equilibria for metapelites. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 25, 511–27.
White, RW, Powell, R, Holland, TJB and Worley, BA (2000) The effect of TiO2 and Fe2O3 on metapelitic assemblages at greenschist and amphibolite facies conditions: mineral equilibria calculations in the system K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O–TiO2–Fe2O3. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 18, 497–511.
White, RW, Stevens, G and Johnson, TE (2011) Is the crucible reproducible? Reconciling melting experiments with thermodynamic calculations. Elements 7, 241–6.
Wickham, SM (1987) Crustal anatexis and granite petrogenesis during low-pressure regional metamorphism–the Trois Seigneurs Massif, Pyrenees, France. Journal of Petrology 28, 127–69.
Yakymchuk, C and Brown, M (2014) Consequences of open-system melting in tectonics. Journal of the Geological Society, London 171, 21–40.
Yardley, BWD (2009) The role of water in the evolution of the continental crust. Journal of the Geological Society, London 166, 585–600.
Yardley, BWD and Barber, JP (1991) Melting reactions in the Connemara schists – the role of water infiltration in the formation of amphibolite facies migmatites. American Mineralogist 76, 848–56.
Yardley, BWD and Valley, JW (1997) The petrologic case for a dry lower crust. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 12173–85.
Yardley, BWD and Valley, JW (2000) Comment on “The petrologic case for a dry lower crust” by Yardley, B. W. D. & Valley, J. W. – Reply. Journal of Geophysical Research 105, 6065–8.