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Characterization of exogenic fulgurites from an archaeological site in Tiedra, Valladolid, Spain

  • Pablo Martín-Ramos (a1) (a2), Francisco PSC Gil (a2), Francisco J Martín-Gil (a1) and Jesús Martín-Gil (a3)


Studies on type-V fulgurites are very sparse in the literature. This work reports on the characterization of natural exogenic fulgurites found at the archaeological site of Cerro de la Ermita (Tiedra, Valladolid, Spain), which was firstly a Celtiberian and then a Roman locum sacrum. Data from X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy suggest that the fulgurites consist of naquite, piroxenes, iron oxides, shocked quartz and neo-formed cristobalite.


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Author for correspondence: Pablo Martín-Ramos, Email:


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Characterization of exogenic fulgurites from an archaeological site in Tiedra, Valladolid, Spain

  • Pablo Martín-Ramos (a1) (a2), Francisco PSC Gil (a2), Francisco J Martín-Gil (a1) and Jesús Martín-Gil (a3)


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