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V.—The Structure and Later Geological History of New Zealand

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 May 2009

C. A. Cotton
Affiliation:
Victoria University College, Wellington, N.Z.

Extract

Supported by the great weight of Hutton's authority, his views, with which those of Haast and the early views of Hector were in general agreement, have gained wide acceptance, notwithstanding the opposition of McKay. Marshall, for example, as late as 1911 wrote as follows: “The great elevation [Mesozoic orogenic movement] was succeeded by nearly as great a depression. The majestic mountain ranges were gradually lowered until nothing but a chain of islands showed above sea level. To what a great extent this movement prevailed is seen at Lake Te Anau, where the Oamaru formation, some 3,000 feet thick, rises to the tops of the mountains. At Wakatipu and in the Rangitata valley the Oamaru rocks are found in the recesses of the mountains. In the Trelissick basin and between the masses of the Kaikoura ranges there was deep water. The valleys of the tributaries of the Buller are filled with Oamaru sediments.”

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1916

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References

page 314 note 1 Haast, J. von, “On the Geology of the Waipara District”: Col. Mus. and Geol. Surv. of N.Z., Rep. Geol. Expl. 1870–1, pp. 519, 1871Google Scholar.

page 314 note 2 Hector, J., “On the Geology of the Manuherikia Valley”: Otago Prov. Gov. Gaz., 1862Google Scholar.

page 314 note 3 Marshall, P., “New Zealand and Adjacent Islands”: Handbuch reg. Geol., Bd. vii, Abt. i, p. 40, Heidelberg, 1911Google Scholar.

page 314 note 4 See Cotton, C. A., “Physiography of the Middle Clarence Valley”: Geographical Journal, vol. xlii, pp. 225–46, 1913CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

page 314 note 5 Speight, R., “The Intermontane Basins of Canterbury”: Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. xlvii, pp. 336–53, 1915Google Scholar.

page 315 note 1 Marshall, P., “Cainozoic Fossils from Oamaru”: Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. xlvii, pp. 380–1, 1915Google Scholar.

page 315 note 2 Thomson, J. A., “Coal Prospects of the Waimate District, South Canterbury”: Eighth Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv., 1914, p. 160Google Scholar.

page 315 note 3 On the Origin of the Old Lake-basins of Central Otago”: Col. Mus. and Geol. Surv. N.Z., Rep. Geol. Expl. 1883–4, pp. 76–81, 1884 (p. 80)Google Scholar.

page 317 note 1 The Geology of the Area covered by the Alexandra Sheet, Central Otago Division,N.Z. Geol. Surv., Bull. 2, p. 6, 1906Google Scholar; The Geology of the Cromwell Subdivision, Western Otago,N.Z. Geol. Surv., Bull. 5, 1908Google Scholar.

page 317 note 2 Andrews, E. C., “Erosion and its Significance”: Journ. and Proc. Roy. Soc. N.S.W., vol. xlv, p. 116, 1911Google Scholar.

page 317 note 3 The structure of this district is well displayed by an excellent geological map by McKay, A. in his Report on the older Auriferous Drifts of Central Otago, 2nd ed., Wellington, Govt. Printer, 1897 (opp. p. 84)Google Scholar.

page 317 note 4 J. Park, loc. cit., 1906 and 1908Google Scholar; Geology of New Zealand, 1910, p. 9Google Scholar.

page 317 note 5 Hutton, F. W., “Sketch of the Geology of New Zealand”: Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. xli, p. 197, 1885Google Scholar.

page 317 note 6 Suess, E., The Face of the Earth (Eng. trans.), vol. ii, p. 147, Oxford, 1906Google Scholar.

page 318 note 1 Thomson, J. A., “Mineral Prospects of the Maharahara District, Hawk's Bay”: 8th Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv., Mines Statement, 1915, p. 164Google Scholar.

page 318 note 2 Thomson, , loc. cit., p. 165Google Scholar.

page 318 note 3 The Face of the Earth (Eng. trans.), vol. ii, p. 44, Oxford, 1906Google Scholar.

page 318 note 4 New Zealand and Adjacent Islands, 1911, p. 25Google Scholar.

page 319 note 1 Cotton, C. A., “Preliminary Note on the Uplifted East Coast of Marlborough”: Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. xlvi, pp. 286–94, 1913Google Scholar.

page 319 note 2 Cotton, C. A., “Fault Coasts in New Zealand”: Geographical Review, vol. i, pp. 20–47, 1916CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

page 319 note 3 Cotton, C. A., “Notes on Wellington Physiography”: Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. xliv, pp. 245–65, 1912Google Scholar.

page 319 note 4 Cotton, C. A., “Physiography of the Middle Clarence Valley”: Geographical Journal, vol. xlii, pp. 236–7, 1913Google Scholar.

page 319 note 5 See Hogben, G., “Notes on some Recent Earthquakes in New Zealand”: Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. xlvi, pp. 301–3, 1914Google Scholar.

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