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Biostratigraphic significance of brachiopods near the Devonian–Carboniferous boundary

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 June 2013

BERNARD MOTTEQUIN
Affiliation:
Unité de Paléontologie animale, Département de Géologie, Université de Liège, Bâtiment B18, Allée du 6 Août, B–4000 Liège 1, Belgium
DENISE BRICE
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Paléontologie stratigraphique, Faculté Libre des Sciences et Institut Supérieur d'Agriculture, 48 Boulevard Vauban, F–59046 Lille, France
MARIE LEGRAND-BLAIN
Affiliation:
‘Tauzia’, 216 Cours du Général de Gaulle, F–33170 Gradignan, France
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The biostratigraphic significance of selected uppermost Famennian (Upper Devonian) and lower Tournaisian (Mississippian) brachiopod genera, belonging to the orders Rhynchonellida (e.g. Araratella), Spiriferida (e.g. Sphenospira, Prospira), Spiriferinida (Syringothyris) and Productida (except Chonetidina), is discussed. Owing to the difficulties of identifying productidine and strophalosiidine genera, in contrast to rhynchonellides and spiriferides, the biostratigraphic potential of the former has generally been overlooked. Brachiopods flourished in neritic environments that were unfavourable for conodonts and ammonoids. In the absence of the latter traditional marker fossils, they are potentially important for locating the Devonian–Carboniferous boundary in shallow water depositional settings in conjunction with rugose corals and foraminifers. On a worldwide scale, further work is required to reach a better assessment of the aftermath of the Hangenberg biological Crisis on brachiopods, notably in revising the faunas from the classical areas of the Famennian and Tournaisian stages in Western Europe.

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Original Articles
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Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013 

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