Branches are an important yield attribute of the mustard (Brassica junceo)crop. However, not all the branches are equally productive and some of those arising from the basal portion of the plant may form parasitic sinks for assimilates. The effect of de-branching at the 50% flowering stage in the apical (AHD) and the basal halves (BHD) of two mustard genotypes, Pusa Bold and Varuna, was examined. The BHD treatment increased the seed yield per plant of Pusa Bold by 36% and of Varuna by 75% over the control. The increase in yield due to the BHD treatment was mainly due to an improvement in the total number of pods per plant in both genotypes. In Pusa Bold, an improvement in both 1000-seed weight and number of seeds per pod, mainly on late formed branches, was also observed. The AHD treatment reduced seed yield but not significantly so. The results suggest that improvement in the yield of mustard cultivars by suppressing branching on the basal portion of plants should be possible.