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Spurious bispectral index values due to electromyographic activity

  • O. Baldesi (a1), N. Bruder (a1), L. Velly (a1) and F. Gouin (a1)

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Nicolas Bruder, Département d'anesthésie-réanimation, Hôpital d'adultes de la Timone, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, F-13385 Marseilles, Cedex 05, France. E-mail: Nicolas.Bruder@ap-hm.fr; Tel: +33 (0)4 91 38 57 91; Fax: +33 (0)4 91 38 58 50

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References

Gan TJ, Glass PS, Windsor A, et al. Bispectral index monitoring allows faster emergence and improved recovery from propofol, alfentanil and nitrous oxide anaesthesia. Anesthesiology 1997; 87: 808815.
Bruhn J, Bouillon TW, Shafer SL. Electromyographic activity falsely elevates the bispectral index: two cases report. Anesthesiology 2000; 92: 14851487.
Guignard B, Chauvin M. Bispectral index increases and decreases are not always signs of inadequate anesthesia. Anesthesiology 2000; 92: 903.
Hemmerling TM, Fortier JD. Falsely increased bispectral index values in a series of patients undergoing cardiac surgery using forced-air-warming therapy of the head. Anesth Analg 2000; 95: 322323.
Gallagher JD. Pacer-induced artefact in the bispectral analysis for the electroencephalogram. Anesthesiology 1999; 90: 636.

Spurious bispectral index values due to electromyographic activity

  • O. Baldesi (a1), N. Bruder (a1), L. Velly (a1) and F. Gouin (a1)

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