Asteroseismology requires observables registered in stringent conditions: very high sensitivity, uninterrupted time series, long duration. These specifications then allow to study the details of the stellar interior structure. Space-borne and ground-based asteroseismic projects are presented and compared. With CoRoT as a precursor, then Kepler and maybe Plato, the roadmap in space appears to be precisely designed. In parallel, ground-based projects are necessary to provide different and unique information on bright stars with Doppler measurements. Dome C appears to be the ideal place for ground-based asteroseismic observations. The unequalled weather conditions yield a duty cycle comparable to space. Long time series (up to 3 months) will be possible, thanks to the long duration of the polar night.