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Weighted multiple ergodic averages and correlation sequences

  • NIKOS FRANTZIKINAKIS (a1) and BERNARD HOST (a2)

Abstract

We study mean convergence results for weighted multiple ergodic averages defined by commuting transformations with iterates given by integer polynomials in several variables. Roughly speaking, we prove that a bounded sequence is a good universal weight for mean convergence of such averages if and only if the average of this sequence times any nilsequence converges. Two decomposition results of independent interest play key roles in the proof. The first states that every bounded sequence in several variables satisfying some regularity conditions is a sum of a nilsequence and a sequence that has small uniformity norm (this generalizes a result of the second author and Kra); and the second states that every multiple correlation sequence in several variables is a sum of a nilsequence and a sequence that is small in uniform density (this generalizes a result of the first author). Furthermore, we use these results in order to establish mean convergence and recurrence results for a variety of sequences of dynamical and arithmetic origin and give some combinatorial implications.

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Weighted multiple ergodic averages and correlation sequences

  • NIKOS FRANTZIKINAKIS (a1) and BERNARD HOST (a2)

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