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Varicella vaccine uptake and associated factors in children in Hong Kong

  • J. Y. C. CHAN (a1), K. M. LEUNG (a1), W. W. S. TAM (a1) (a2) and A. LEE (a1)

Summary

Varicella is a common and highly contagious childhood disease which impacts the public worldwide. Hong Kong children can only be vaccinated against the disease in private practice. The varicella vaccination rate of local children in preschool is uncertain. Therefore a cross-sectional kindergarten-based parent-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in Hong Kong during 2012. Twelve kindergartens were randomly selected from a complete school list from the Education Bureau of Hong Kong. In total, 1285/1538 (83·6%) parents consented to join the study and completed the questionnaires. The overall varicella infection rate was 19·5% and the uptake of varicella vaccination rate was 57·6%. Barriers against varicella vaccination were mostly due to parental uncertainties about the effectiveness of vaccine, lack of recommendations from doctors or government, and adverse side-effects of the vaccine. The government and healthcare professional bodies are strongly recommended to further enhance health education among healthcare professionals, encouraging their active promotion of varicella vaccination for their patients. Furthermore, health education through various stakeholders is crucial to enhance parental awareness of varicella, as well as the effectiveness and safety of varicella vaccine.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

* Author for correspondence: Dr W. W. S. Tam, 4/F, School of Public Health, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong. (Email: WilsonTam@cuhk.edu.hk)

References

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Keywords

Varicella vaccine uptake and associated factors in children in Hong Kong

  • J. Y. C. CHAN (a1), K. M. LEUNG (a1), W. W. S. TAM (a1) (a2) and A. LEE (a1)

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