Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Physical and emotional periodicity in women

  • R. A. McCance (a1), M. C. Luff (a1) and E. E. Widdowson (a1)

Extract

1. The day-to-day records over a period of 4–6 months of 167 normal women's physical changes and subjective phenomena have been collected by a new method. These women submitted data from 780 complete menstrual cycles. In addition, a smaller group submitted data which have been used for physical changes only. One woman's individual record of certain phenomena was obtained over a period of 8 years.

2. The average length of the menstrual cycle was 27·8 days with a standard deviation of 3·4 days. Some individual's cycles were characteristically short or long, regular or irregular. No woman menstruated with complete regularity (measured in days) over a period of 6 months. Twenty-three per cent of the menstrual periods began between 7.30 and 9.30 a.m., and the average duration of the flow was about 4·5 days.

3. Records from one case of intermenstrual, probably ovulatory, bleeding were obtained over a period of 6 months (Chart 2).

4. The periodicity of each subjective phenomenon as shown by the combined results has been recorded graphically, and these figures themselves constitute a summary of the results. Thus for fatigue, abdominal pain, backache, headache, breast changes, sexual feeling and intercourse, depression, elation, tendency to cry, irritability, intellectual capacity and tension see Figs. 5–19. Individual data of interest have been discussed in the light of the combined results.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Physical and emotional periodicity in women
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Physical and emotional periodicity in women
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Physical and emotional periodicity in women
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Allen, E. (1935). J. Amer. Med. Ass. 104, 1901.
Ball, J. & Hartman, C. G. (1935). Amer. J. Obstet. Gyn. 29, 117.
Bartelmez, G. W. (1937). Physiol. Rev. 17, 28.
Billings, E. G. (1934). Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 54, 440.
Bolaffio, M. (1932). Zbl. Gynäk. 56, 1510.
Chadwick, M. (1932). The Psychological Effects of Menstruation. Nervous and Mental Monog. Ser. No. 56.
Cotte, G. (1931). Rev. franç. gynéc. d'obstet. 26, 129.
Croom, J. H. (1896). Trans. Edinb. Obstet. Soc. 21, 26.
Davis, K. B. (1929). Factors in the Sex Life of 2200 Women. New York and London: Harper.
Eberhart, F. (1932). Med. Welt. 6, 266.
Fishbauch, E. C. (1927). Endocrinol. 11, 445.
Fisher, R. A. (1932). Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.
Fluhmann, C. F. (1934). Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 27, 73.
Freund, A. (1930). Psychol. Forschung. 13, 198.
Goldschmidt, T. (1934). J. Abnorm. Social Psychol. 29, 218.
Hajek, O. (1933). Zbl. Gynäk. 57, 257.
Hamilton, G. V. (1929). A Research in Marriage. New York: A. and C. Boni.
Hartman, C. G. (1929). J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 92, 1992.
Hartman, C. G. (1936). Time of Ovulation in Women; A Study of the Fertile Period in the Menstrual Cycle. London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox.
Hirschmann-Wertheimer, I. (1927). Monatschr. Psychiat. Neurol. 66, 215.
Hoff, F. (1936). Klin. Woch. 15, 570.
Hubert, R. (1934). Arch. Gynäk. 158, 275.
Johnson, G. B. (1932). J. Comp. Psychol. 13, 133.
King, J. L. (1933). Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 25, 583.
Kirihara, H. (1932). Rep. Inst. Sci. Lab. Kurasiki, Japan, No. 14.
Knaus, H. (1934). Periodic Fertility and Sterility in Women in Germany. Vienna: Mandrich.
Kosakae, J. et al. (1933). Japan. J. Obstet. Gynec. 16, 141.
Marshall, F. H. A. (1922). The Physiology of Reproduction p. 61. London: Longmans Green.
Martin, C. L. (1930). Amer. J. Roentgenol. 24, 267.
Mayer, A. (1935). München. med. Woch. 82, 373.
Medical Women's Federation (1930). Lancet, ii, 57.
Moore, L. M. & Barker, J. L. (1923). Amer. J. Physiol. 64, 405.
Newton, W. H. (1936). Recent Advances in Physiology p. 203. London: J. and A. Churchill, Ltd.
Ogino, K. (1932). Zbl. Gynäk. 56, 721.
Pallot, G. (1935). Bull. d'Histol. Appl. 12, 378.
Papanicolaou, G. N. (1933). Amer. J. Anat. 52, 519.
Parkes, A. S. (1931). Brit. Med. J. ii, 559.
Peller, S. (1935). Wien. med. Woch. 85, 175, 205.
Priestley, W. O. (1872). Brit. Med. J. ii, 431.
Richards, O. W. (1935). Amer. J. Med. Sci. 190, 641.
Simpson, M. E. & Evans, H. M. (1928). Science, 68, 453.
Sowton, S. C. M. & Myers, C. S. (1928). Ind. Fat. Res. Board Rep. No. 45. London: H.M. Sta. Off.
Steiner, M. (1926). Deuts. med. Woch. 52, 2120.
Stopes, M. (1931). Married Love p. 43. London: Putnams.
Strachan, G. I. & Skottowe, I. (19311932). Trans. Edinb. Obstet. Soc. 52, 77.
Strachan, G. I. & Skottowe, I. (1933). Lancet, i, 1058.
Thomson, A. P. (1932). Lancet, ii, 229.
Zuckermann, S. (1936). Eugenics Rev. 28, 37.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed