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Influenza in the United Kingdom 1982–85

  • P. Chakraverty (a1), P. Cunningham (a1), G. Z. Shen (a1) and M. S. Pereira (a1)

Summary

Influenza surveillance in the UK between the years 1982 and 1985 has demonstrated the regular winter appearance of influenza A virus of both H1N1 and H3N2 subtypes and influenza B.

Their antigenic diversity is described and correlated with the national statistics for morbidity and mortality for influenza.

One unexpected finding has been that despite the wide circulation of influenza viruses there has been a continuation of winters without significant increases in influenza deaths or morbidity. A previous report of influenza surveillance (Pereira & Chakraverty, 1982) noted an already unusual series of three consecutive winters with this pattern. This report records a further 4 years bringing a total of seven successive winters without evidence of epidemics of severe disease associated with influenza viruses, as indicated by the national UK statistics.

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References

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Gill, P. W. & Murphy, A. M. (1985). Naturally acquired immunity to influenza type A. Lessons from two co-existing subtypes. Medical Journal of Australia 142, 94102.
Pereira, M. S. (1980). The effects of shifts and drifts on the epidemiology of influenza in man. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B 288, 423432.
Pereira, M. S. & Chakraverty, P. (1982). Influenza in the United Kingdom 1977–1981. Journal of Hygiene 88, 501512.
Pereira, M. S., Chakraverty, P., Cunningham, P. & Webster, R. G. (1985). The use of monoclonal antibodies for the antigenic analysis of influenza A viruses. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 63, 265271.
Public Health Laboratory Service. (1985). A programme for collaborative influenza surveillance. Journal of Hygiene 75, 16.
Schild, G. C., Pereira, M. S. & Chakraverty, P. (1975). Single radial haemolysis: a new method for the assay of antibody to influenza haemagglutinin. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 52, 4350.
Tillett, H. E. & Spencer, I. (1982). Influenza surveillance in England and Wales using routine statistics. Development of ‘cusum’ graphs to compare 12 previous winters and to monitor the 1980/81 winter. Journal of Hygiene 88, 8394.

Influenza in the United Kingdom 1982–85

  • P. Chakraverty (a1), P. Cunningham (a1), G. Z. Shen (a1) and M. S. Pereira (a1)

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