Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Faecal carriage of Clostridium perfringens

  • M. F. Stringer (a1), G. N. Watson (a1), R. J. Gilbert (a1), J. G. Wallace (a2), J. E. Hassall (a2), E. I. Tanner (a3) and P. P. Webber (a3)...

Summary

The numbers and serotypes of Clostridium perfringens present in the faeces of three groups of hospital patients and young healthy laboratory workers were examined in studies lasting between 10 and 13 weeks.

In one hospital some long-stay geriatric patients carried relatively high numbers of C. perfringens (> 107/g) most of the time and it was not unusual in any one week for the majority of these patients to carry the same serotype(s). However, the numbers of C. perfringens in the faeces of young long-stay patients in the same hospital were in the range of 103–104/g and carriage of common serotypes was not observed. These results were similar to the findings with the young laboratory workers.

This investigation indicates that two of the laboratory criteria often used in the investigation of C. perfringens food poisoning, i.e. faecal counts of ≥ 105C. perfringens/g and patients carrying the same serological type need to be interpreted with caution with suspected outbreaks involving some groups of geriatric long-stay hospital patients.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Faecal carriage of Clostridium perfringens
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Faecal carriage of Clostridium perfringens
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Faecal carriage of Clostridium perfringens
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bartholomew, B. A., Stringer, M. F., Watson, G. N. & Gilbert, R. J. (1985). The development and application of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for Closlridium perfringens type A enterotoxin. Journal of Clinical Pathology 38, 222228.
Borriello, S. P., Barclay, F., Welch, A. R., Sullens, K., Stringer, M. F. & Watson, G. N. (1984). Epidemiology of C. perfringens enterotoxin-associated diarrhoea. Journal of Medical Microbiology 18, xi.
Cowan, S. T. & Steele, K. J. (1965). Identification of Medical Bacteria. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Drasar, B. S. & Hill, M. J. (1974). Human Intestinal Flora. London: Academic Press.
Gilchrist, J. E., Campbell, J. E., Donnelly, C. B., Peeler, J. T. & Delaney, J. M. (1973). Spiral plate method for bacterial determination. Applied Microbiology 25, 244252.
Hall, H. E., Angelotti, R., Lewis, K. H. & Foter, M. J. (1903). Characteristics of Clostridium perfringens associated with food and food-borne disease. Journal of Bacteriology 85, 10941103.
Hauschild, A. H. W. & Hilsheimer, R. (1974). Evaluation and modifications of media for enumeration of Closlridium perfringens. Applied Microbiology 27, 7882.
Hughes, J. A., Turnbull, P. C. B. & Stringer, M. F. (1970). A serotyping scheme for Clostridium welchii (C. perfringens) type A and studies on the typo-specific antigens. Journal of Medical Microbiology 9, 475485.
McCluno, L. S. & Toabe, R. (1947). The egg-yolk plate reaction for the presumptive diagnosis of Closlridium sporogenes and certain species of the gangreno and botulinum groups. Journal of Bacteriology 53, 139147.
Miles, A. A. & Misra, S. S. (1938). The estimation of the bactericidal power of the blood. Journal of Hygiene 38, 732749.
Stringer, M. F., Turnbull, P. C. B. & Gilbert, R. J. (1980). Application of serological typing to the investigation of outbreaks of Clostridium perfringens food poisoning, 1970–1978. Journal of Hygiene 84, 443450.
Stringer, M. F. (1981). Studies on Closlridium perfringens food poisoning. Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
Stringer, M. F., Watson, G. N. & Gilbert, R. J. (1982). Clostridium perfringens type A: serological typing and methods for the detection of enterotoxin. In Isolation and Identification Methods for Food Poisoning Organisms: Society for Applied Bacteriology Technical Series, no. 17 (ed. Corry, J. E. L., Roberts, D. and Skinner, F. A.), pp. 111135. London: Academic Press.
Sutton, R. G. A. (1966). Enumeration of Clostridium welchii in the faeces of varying sections of the human population. Journal of Hygiene 64, 307374.
Sutton, R. G. A. & Hobbs, B. C. (1908). Food poisoning caused by heat-sensitivo Clostridium welchii. A report of five recent outbreaks. Journal of Hygiene 66, 135146.
Taylor, C. E. D. & Coetzee, E. P. C. (1966). Range of heat resistance of Clostridium welchii associated with suspected food poisoning. Monthly Bulletin of the Ministry of Health and the Public Health Laboratory Service 25, 142144.
Thatcher, F. S. & Clark, D. S. (1908). Microorganisms in Foods. Their Significance and Methods of Enumeration. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Willis, A. T. & Hobbs, G. (1959). Some new media for tho isolation and identification of clostridia. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology 77, 511521.
Yamagishi, T., Serikawa, T., Morita, R., Nakamura, S. & Nishida, S. (1970). Persistent high numbers of Clostridium perfringens in the intestines of Japanese aged adults. Japanese Journal of Microbiology 20, 397403.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed