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Comparison of the results of some serological tests for bovine brucellosis

  • R. J. Chappel (a1), D. J. McNaught (a1), J. A. Bourke (a1) and G. S. Allan (a1)

Summary

A total of 1887 bovine sera positive to the Rose Bengal plate test were subjected to other serological tests for bovine brucellosis: the complement fixation test using warm fixation (CFTW), the serum agglutination test (SAT) and the radioimmunoassay (RIA).

The SAT was generally much less sensitive than the CFTW. Many sera, however, gave positive reactions in the SAT but no reaction in the CFTW or the RIA. These SAT reactions were attributed to IgM antibody.

Comparison between the results of the CFTW and the RIA led to the conclusion that 200 ng could be used as a minimum diagnostic reaction in the RIA.

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Copyright

References

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Allan, G. S., Chappel, R. J., Williamson, P. & McNaught, D. J. (1976). A quantitative comparison of the sensitivity of serological tests for bovine brucellosis to different antibody classes. Journal of Hygiene 76, 287.
Alton, G. G., Jones, L. M. & Pietz, D. E. (1975 a). Laboratory Techniques in Brucellosis, 2nd ed. World Health Organization Monograph Series, no. 55. Geneva.
Alton, G. G., Maw, J., Rogerson, B. A. & McPherson, G. G. (1975 b). The serological diagnosis of bovine brucellosis: an evaluation of the complement fixation, serum agglutination and Rose Bengal tests. Australian Veterinary Journal 51, 57.
Chappel, R. J., McNaught, D. J., Bourke, J. A. & Allan, G. S. (1978). The diagnostic efficiency of some serological tests for bovine brucellosis. Journal of Hygiene 80, 373.
Chappel, R. J., Williamson, P., McNaught, D. J., Dalling, M. J. & Allan, G. S. (1976). Radioimmunoassay for antibodies against Brucella abortus: a new serological test for bovine brucellosis. Journal of Hygiene 77, 369.
Elberg, S. S. (1973). Immunity to Brucella infection. Medicine, Baltimore 52, 339.
Morgan, W. J. B., MacKinnon, D. J. & Cullan, G. A. (1969). The Rose Bengal plate agglutination test in the diagnosis of brucellosis. Veterinary Record 85, 636.
Nicoletti, P. (1967). Utilization of the card test in brucellosis eradication. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 151, 1778.

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