Scallan, E, et al.
Foodborne illness acquired in the United States – major pathogens. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2011; 17: 7–15.
CDC. Surveillance for foodborne disease outbreaks, United States, 2013, Annual Report; 2015.
Angulo, FJ, Nargund, VN, Chiller, TC. Evidence of an association between use– anti-microbial agents in food animals and anti-microbial resistance among bacteria isolated from humans and the human health consequences of such resistance. Journal of Veterinary Medicine B, Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health
2004; 51: 374–379.
Varma, JK, et al.
Antimicrobial-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella is associated with excess bloodstream infections and hospitalizations. Journal of Infectious Diseases
2005; 191: 554–561.
Holmberg, SD, Solomon, SL, Blake, PA. Health and economic impacts of antimicrobial resistance. Reviews of Infectious Diseases
1987; 9: 1065–1078.
Krueger, AL, et al.
Clinical outcomes of nalidixic acid, ceftriaxone, and multidrug-resistant nontyphoidal salmonella infections compared with pansusceptible infections in FoodNet sites, 2006–2008. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2014; 11: 335–341.
Holmberg, SD, Wells, JG, Cohen, ML. Animal-to-man transmission of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella: investigations of U.S. outbreaks, 1971–1983. Science
1984; 225: 833–835.
Varma, JK, et al.
Hospitalization and antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella outbreaks, 1984–2002. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2005; 11: 943–946.
IFSAC. The Interagency Food Safety Analytics Collaboration (IFSAC): Completed Projects, 2015.
CDC. The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), 2015.
Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing; Twenty-fourth informational supplement. CLSI, Wayne, Pennsylvania, 2014 (CLSI Document M100-S24).
Vieira, AR, et al.
Association between antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from food animals and blood stream isolates from humans in Europe: an ecological study. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2011; 8: 1295–1301.
Jackson, BR, et al.
Outbreak-associated Salmonella enterica serotypes and food Commodities, United States, 1998–2008. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2013; 19: 1239–1244.
CDC. Multidrug-resistant Salmonella serotype Typhimurium – United States, 1996. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
1997; 46: 308–310.
Gupta, A, et al.
Emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Newport infections resistant to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins in the United States. Journal of Infectious Diseases
2003; 188: 1707–1716.
Molbak, K, et al.
An outbreak of multidrug-resistant, quinolone-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium DT104. New England Journal of Medicine
1999; 341: 1420–1425.
Glynn, MK, et al.
Emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium DT104 infections in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine
1998; 338: 1333–1338.
Alali, WQ, et al.
Longitudinal study of antimicrobial resistance among Escherichia coli isolates from integrated multisite cohorts of humans and swine. Applied and Environmental Microbiology
2008; 74: 3672–3681.
Marshall, BM, Levy, SB. Food animals and antimicrobials: impacts on human health. Clinical Microbiology Reviews
2011; 24: 718–733.
Food and Drug Administration. Evaluating the safety of antimicrobial new animal drugs with regard to their microbiological effects on bacteria of human health concern. guidance for industry #152, 2003.
US Department of Agriculture. Part I: Reference of health and management practices on table-egg farms in the United States, 2013: USDA-APHIS-VS-CEAH-NAHMS, 2014. June 2014.
Food and Drug Administration. Specific new animal drugs for use in animal feeds. FDA, ed. 21, CFR Part 558, 2015.
Food and Drug Administration. Tolerances for residues of new animal drugs in food. FDA, ed. 21, CFR Part 556, 2014.
Bailey, LC, et al.
Association of antibiotics in infancy with early childhood obesity. JAMA Pediatrics
2014; 168: 1063–1069.
Kronman, MP, Zhou, C, Mangione-Smith, R. Bacterial prevalence and antimicrobial prescribing trends for acute respiratory tract infections. Pediatrics
2014; 134: e956–965.
Hicks, LA, et al.
US outpatient antibiotic prescribing variation according to geography, patient population, and provider specialty in 2011. Clinical Infectious Diseases
2015; 60: 1308–1316.
Shiferaw, B, et al.
Sex-based differences in food consumption: Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) Population Survey, 2006–2007. Clinical Infectious Diseases
2012; 54 (Suppl. 5): S453–457.
Shiferaw, B, et al.
Prevalence of high-risk food consumption and food-handling practices among adults: a multistate survey, 1996 to 1997. The Foodnet Working Group. Journal of Food Protection
2000; 63: 1538–1543.
Taylor, EV, et al.
Ground beef consumption patterns in the United States, FoodNet, 2006 through 2007. Journal of Food Protection
2012; 75: 341–346.
Gould, LH, et al.
Surveillance for foodborne disease outbreaks – United States, 1998–2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
2013; 62: 1–34.
CDC. 2013 NARMS Annual Human Isolates Final Report; 2014.
White House. National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, 2015.
US Census Bureau. Census Regions and Divisions in the United States. In: US Department of Commerce, 2010.