1.Lindberg-Braman, AM. Clinical observations on the so-called oyster hepatitis. Am J Publ Health 1956; 53: 1003–11.
2.Manson, JO, McLean, WR. Infectious hepatitis traced to the consumption of raw oysters. Am J Hyg 1962; 75: 90–111.
3.Portnoy, BL, Mackowiak, PA, Caraway, CT, Walker, JA, McKinley, TW, Klein, CA Jr. Oyster–associated hepatitis: failure of shellfish certification programs to prevent outbreaks. JAMA 1975; 233: 1065–8.
4.Mackowiak, PA, Caraway, CT, Portnoy, BL. Oyster–associated hepatitis: lessons from the Louisiana experience. Am J Epidemiol 1976; 103: 181–91.
5.Gunn, RA, Janowski, HT, Lieb, S, Prather, EC, Greenberg, HB. Norwalk virus gastroenteritis following raw oyster consumption. Am J Epidemiol 1982; 115: 348–51.
6.Gill, ON, Cubitt, WD, McSwiggan, DA, Watney, BM, Bartlett, CL. Epidemic of gastroenteritis caused by oysters contaminated with small round structured viruses. Br Med J 1983; 287: 1532–4.
7.Sekine, S, Okada, S, Hayashi, Y, Ando, T, Tereyama, T, Yabuuchi, K, Miki, T, Ohashi, M. Prevalence of small round structured virus infections in acute gastroenteritis outbreaks in Tokyo. Microbiol Immunol 1989; 33: 207–17.
8.Fugate, KJ, Cliver, DO, Hatch, MT. Enteroviruses and potential bacterial indicators in Gulf Coast oysters. J Milk Food Technol 1975; 38: 100–4.
9.Goyal, SM, Gerba, CP, Melnick, JL. Human enteroviruses in oysters and their overlying waters. Appl Environ Microbiol 1979; 37: 572–81.
10.Sobsey, MD, Jensen, RJ. Improved methods for detecting enteric viruses in oysters. Appl Environ Microbiol 1978; 36: 121–8.
11.Metcalf, TG, Moulton, E, Eckerson, D. Improved method and test strategy for recovery of enteric viruses from shellfish. Appl Environ Microbiol 1980; 39: 141–52.
12.Lewis, GD, Metcalf, TG. Polyethylene glycol precipitation for recovery of pathogenic viruses, including hepatitis A virus and human rotavirus, from oyster, water, and sediment samples. Appl Environ Microbiol 1988; 54: 1983–8.
13.American Public Health Association. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 16th ed.WshingtonDC: American Public Health Association, 1985.
14.Sakae, K, Ishihara, Y, Morishita, T, Nishio, O, Sumi, J, Inoue, H. Sensitivity of group A Coxsackieviruses and ECHO viruses, and isolation from clinical specimens by RD–18S cells derived by cloning from RD cells. J Jpn Assoc Inf Dis 1985; 59: 664–9.
15.Gerba, CP, Goyal, SM. Detection and occurrence of enteric viruses in shellfish: a review. J Food Protec 1978; 41: 743–54.
16.Editorial Committee of Findings of Infectious Agents in Japan. Annual report on findings of infectious agents in Japan, 1987. Jpn J Med Sci Biol 1988; 41 (suppl).
17.Matsuura, K, Ishikura, M, Nakayama, T, Hasegawa, S, Morita, O, Uetake, H. Ecological studies on reovirus pollution of rivers in Toyama Prefecture. Microbiol Immunol 1988; 32: 1221–34.
18.Iawprc study group on water. Virology. The health significance of viruses in water. Water Res 1983; 17: 121–32.
19.Liu, OC, Seraichekas, HR, Murphy, BL. Viral depuration of the Northan quahaug. Appl Microbiol 1967; 15: 307–15.
20.Metcalf, TG, Mullin, B, Eckerson, D, Moulton, E, Larkin, EP. Bioaccumulation and depuration of enteroviruses by the soft–shelled clam, Mya arenatia. App Environ Microbiol 1979; 38: 275–82.