Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Site complementarity between biodiversity and ecosystem services in conservation planning of sparsely-populated regions

  • JÉRÔME CIMON-MORIN (a1) (a2) (a3), MARCEL DARVEAU (a1) (a2) (a3) and MONIQUE POULIN (a1) (a3)

Summary

The consequences of considering ecosystem services (ES) in conservation assessment are still widely debated. The degree of success depends on the extent to which biodiversity and ES can be secured under joint conservation actions. Unlike biodiversity, ES conservation is inseparably linked to human beneficiaries. Reconciling biodiversity with ES and conservation can be particularly challenging in sparsely populated areas. This study, in a sparsely-populated region of eastern Canada, focused on freshwater wetland biodiversity and ten ES provided by wetlands. Within a given maximal total area, the results showed that planning for biodiversity underrepresented local flow ES supply by 57% and demand by 61% in conservation networks. Planning for ES alone underrepresented wetland biodiversity surrogates by an average of 34%. Considering both biodiversity and ES simultaneously, all of the biodiversity and ES targets were achieved with only a 6% mean increase in area. Achieving all conservation targets starting from a network that was primarily built for either ES or biodiversity features alone was two to five times less efficient than considering both ES and biodiversity simultaneously in conservation assessment. A better framework is required to translate these spatial synergies into effective joint conservation actions.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Correspondence: Dr Monique Poulin Tel: +1 418 656 2131 ext. 13035 e-mail: monique.poulin@fsaa.ulaval.ca

References

Hide All
Bergeron, S. H. (2014) Analyse des estimations économiques des services écologiques pour faciliter leur intégration dans les processus décisionnels. Mémoire de maîtrise présenté à la Faculté des études supérieures de l’Université Laval, Faculté des sciences sociales, Département d’économique, Université Laval. Québec, Canada: 67 pp. [www document]. URL http://www.theses.ulaval.ca/2014/30990/30990.pdf
Berteaux, D. (2013) Québec's large-scale plan nord. Conservation Biology 27 (2): 242247.
Borcard, D., Gillet, F. & Legendre, P. (2011) Numerical Ecology with R. New York, NY, USA: Springer New York.
Brandt, J. P. (2009) The extent of the North American boreal zone. Environmental Reviews 17: 101161.
Butchart, S. H. M., Walpole, M., Collen, B., van Strien, A., Scharlemann, J. P. W., Almond, R. E. A., Baillie, J. E. M., Bomhard, B., Brown, C., Bruno, J., et al. (2010) Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines. Science 328 (5982): 11641168.
Chan, K. M. A., Shaw, M. R., Cameron, D. R., Underwood, E. C. & Daily, G. C. (2006) Conservation planning for ecosystem services. PLoS Biology 4 (11): 21382152.
Cimon-Morin, J., Darveau, M. & Poulin, M. (2013) Fostering synergies between ecosystem services and biodiversity in conservation planning: A review. Biological Conservation 166: 144154.
Cimon-Morin, J., Darveau, M. & Poulin, M. (2014 a) Ecosystem services expand the biodiversity conservation toolbox. A response to Deliège and Neuteleers. Biological Conservation 172: 219220.
Cimon-Morin, J., Darveau, M. & Poulin, M. (2014 b) Towards systematic conservation planning adapted to the local flow of ecosystem services. Global Ecology and Conservation 2: 1123.
Cimon-Morin, J., Darveau, M. & Poulin, M. (2015) Conservation biogeography of ecosystem services. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.09205-8.
Cowardin, L. M. & Golet, F. C. (1995) US Fish and Wildlife Service 1979 wetland classification: a review. Vegetatio 118: 139152.
Craigie, I. D., Pressey, R. L. & Barnes, M. (2014) Remote regions. The last places where conservation efforts should be intensified. A reply to McCauley et al. (2013). Biological Conservation 172: 221222.
CRÉ (2010) Portait, constats et enjeux des ressources naturelles du territoire de la Côte-Nord. Conférence régionale des élus de la Côte-Nord, Plan régional de développement intégré des ressources et du territoire, CRE, Quebec, Canada: 232 pp. [www document]. URL http://www.crecotenord.qc.ca/sites/default/files/prdirt_portrait_vf_11fev2011.pdf
Daw, T., Brown, K., Rosendo, S. & Pomeroy, R. (2011) Applying the ecosystem services concept to poverty alleviation: the need to disaggregate human well-being. Environmental Conservation 38 (4): 370379.
del Carmen Sabatini, M., Verdiell, A., Rodríguez Iglesias, R. M. & Vidal, M. (2007) A quantitative method for zoning of protected areas and its spatial ecological implications. Journal of Environmental Management 83 (2): 198206.
Deliège, G. & Neuteleers, S. (2014) Ecosystem services as an argument for biodiversity preservation: why its strength is its problem. Reply to Cimon-Morin et al. Biological Conservation 172: 218.
Ducruc, J.-P. (1985) L’analyse écologique du territoire au Québec: l’inventaire du capital-nature de la moyenne-et-basse-côte-nord. Environnement Québec-Environnement Canada-Hydro-Québec, Division des inventaires écologiques, ministère de l’Environnement du Québec, Série de l’inventaire du capital-nature, Numéro 6: 192 pp.
Dudley, N., ed. (2008) Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN: x + 86 pp. [www document] URL http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/guidelines_for_applying_protected_area_management_categories.pdf
Egoh, B. N., Reyers, B., Rouget, M. & Richardson, D. M. (2011) Identifying priority areas for ecosystem service management in South African grasslands. Journal of Environmental Management 92 (6): 16421650.
ESRI (2012) ArcGIS 10.0. Redlands, CA, USA: Environmental Systems Research Institute Inc.
Failing, L., Gregory, R. & Higgins, P. (2013) Science, uncertainty, and values in ecological restoration: a case study in structured decision-making and adaptive management. Restoration Ecology 21: 422430.
Foote, L. & Krogman, N. (2006) Wetlands in Canada's western boreal forest: agents of change. Forestry Chronicle 82 (6): 825833.
Geneletti, D. & van Duren, I. (2008) Protected area zoning for conservation and use: a combination of spatial multicriteria and multiobjective evaluation. Landscape and Urban Planning 85 (2): 97110.
Goldman, R. L., Tallis, H., Kareiva, P. & Daily, G. C. (2008) Field evidence that ecosystem service projects support biodiversity and diversify options. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105 (27): 94459448.
Gouvernement du Québec (2013) Région 09: Côte-Nord. MRC et agglomérations ou municipalités locales exerçant certaines compétences de MRC. Ministère des affaire municipales, régions et occupation du territoire, Direction de la géomatique et de la statistique, Gouvernement du Québec [www document]. URL http://www.mamrot.gouv.qc.ca/pub/organisation_municipale/cartotheque/Region_09.pdf
Harrison, P. A., Berry, P. M., Simpson, G., Haslett, J. R., Blicharska, M., Bucur, M., Dunford, R., Egoh, B., Garcia-Llorente, M., Geamănă, N., Geertsema, W., Lommelen, E., Meiresonne, L. & Turkelboom, F. (2014) Linkages between biodiversity attributes and ecosystem services: a systematic review. Ecosystem Services 9: 191203.
Hunter, M. L. J. & Schmiegelow, F. K. A. (2011) Wildlife, Forests, and Forestry: Principles of Managing Forests for Biological Diversity. Upper Sadle River, NJ, USA: Prentice Hall.
Hydro-Québec (2007) Complexe de la Romaine: etude d’impact sur l’environnement. Hydro-Québec Équipement et Hydro-Québec Production, Quebec, Canada [www document]. URL http://www.hydroquebec.com/romaine/documents/etude.html
Joubert, B. & Davidson, D. J. (2010) Mediating constructivism, nature and dissonant land use values: the case of northwest Saskatchewan Métis. Human Ecology Review 17 (1): 110.
Kalamandeen, M. & Gillson, L. (2007) Demything ‘wilderness’: implications for protected area designation and management. Biodiversity and Conservation 16 (1): 165182.
Kareiva, P. & Marvier, M. (2003) Conserving biodiversity coldspots. American Scientist 91: 344351.
Kramer, D. B., Urquhart, G. & Schmitt, K. (2009) Globalization and the connection of remote communities: a review of household effects and their biodiversity implications. Ecological Economics 68 (12): 28972909.
Kukkala, A. S. & Moilanen, A. (2013) Core concepts of spatial prioritisation in systematic conservation planning. Biological Reviews 88 (2): 443464.
Larsen, F. W., Londoño-Murcia, M. C. & Turner, W. R. (2011) Global priorities for conservation of threatened species, carbon storage, and freshwater services: scope for synergy? Conservation Letters 4: 355363.
Legendre, P. & Legendre, L. (2012) Numerical Ecology. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
Lemelin, L. V. & Darveau, M. (2006) Coarse and fine filters, gap analysis, and systematic conservation planning. Forestry Chronicle 82: 802805.
Lemelin, L. V. & Darveau, M. (2008) Les milieux humides du parc national du Canada de la Mauricie: cartographie en vue d’une surveillance de l’intégrité écologique. Ducks Unlimited Canada, Québec, Canada.
Lemelin, L. V., Darveau, M., Imbeau, L. & Bordage, D. (2010) Wetland use and selection by breeding waterbirds in the boreal forest of Quebec, Canada. Wetlands 30: 321332.
Li, T. & Ducruc, J.-P. (1999) Les provinces naturelles. Niveau I du cadre écologique de référence du Québec. Ministère de l’Environnement, Quebec, Canada: 90 pp. [www document]. URL http://www.mddefp.gouv.qc.ca/biodiversite/aires_protegees/provinces/index.htm
Lin, F. T. (2000) GIS-based information flow in a land-use zoning review process. Landscape and Urban Planning 52: 2132.
Locke, H. & Dearden, P. (2005) Rethinking protected area categories and the new paradigm. Environmental Conservation 32 (1): 110.
MA (2005) Ecosystems and Human well-being: Synthesis. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.
Mace, G. M., Norris, K. & Fitter, A. (2012) Biodiversity and ecosystem services: a multilayered relationship. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27 (1): 1926.
Margules, C. R. & Pressey, R. L. (2000) Systematic conservation planning. Nature 405: 243253.
Margules, C. R. & Sarkar, S. (2007) Systematic Conservation Planning. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
McCauley, D. J. (2006) Selling out on nature. Nature 443 (7107): 2728.
McCauley, D. J., Power, E. A., Bird, D. W., McInturff, A., Dunbar, R. B., Durham, W. H., Micheli, F. & Young, H. S. (2013) Conservation at the edges of the world. Biological Conservation 165 (0): 139145.
McCauley, D. J., Young, H. S., Power, E. A., Bird, D. W., Durham, W. H., McInturff, A., Dunbar, R. B. & Micheli, F. (2014) Pushing back against paper-park pushers. Reply to Craigie et al. Biological Conservation 172: 223224.
Ménard, S., Darveau, M. & Imbeau, L. (2013) The importance of geology, climate and anthropogenic disturbances in shaping boreal wetland and aquatic landscape types. Ecoscience 20: 399410.
Miller, T. R., Minteer, B. & Malan, L.-C. (2011) The new conservation debate: the view from practical ethics. Biological Conservation 144 (3): 948957.
Minteer, B. & Miller, T. R. (2011) The new conservation debate: ethical foundations, strategic trade-offs, and policy opportunities. Biological Conservation 144 (3): 945947.
MRNF (2012) Données numériques écoforestière du Québec (4e programme d’inventaire forestier). Ministère des Ressources naturelles et Faune du Québec, Direction des inventaires forestiers, Québec, Canada.
Naidoo, R., Balmford, A., Costanza, R., Fisher, B., Green, R. E., Lehner, B., Malcolm, T. R. & Ricketts, T. H. (2008) Global mapping of ecosystem services and conservation priorities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105 (28): 94959500.
Noss, R. F. (1987) From plant communities to landscapes in conservation inventories: a look at the Nature Conservancy (USA). Biological Conservation 41: 1137.
NRCan (2011) CanVec v8.0. Natural Resources Canada, Earth Science Sector, Centre for Topographic Information [www document]. URL http://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca/geogratis/fr/collection/5460AA9D-54CD-8349-C95E-1A4D03172FDF.html
NWWG (1997) The Canadian wetland classification system. Second edition. Eds B. G. Warner & C. D. A. Rubec. Waterloo, Wetlands Research Centre, Waterloo University, Ontario, Canada: 68 pp.
Pressey, R. L., Watts, M. E., Barrett, T. W. & Ridges, M. J. (2009) The C-Plan conservation planning system: origins, applications, and possible futures. In: Spatial Conservation Prioritization, ed. Moilanen, A., Wilson, K. A. & Possingham, H. P., pp. 211234. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
R Development Core Team (2013) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria [www document]. URL http://www.R-project.org
Redford, K. H. & Adams, W. M. (2009) Payment for ecosystem services and the challenge of saving Nature. Conservation Biology 23 (4): 785787.
Reyers, B., Polasky, S., Tallis, H., Mooney, H. A. & Larigauderie, A. (2012) Finding common ground for biodiversity and ecosystem services. Bioscience 62 (5): 503507.
Schindler, D. W. & Lee, P. G. (2010) Comprehensive conservation planning to protect biodiversity and ecosystem services in Canadian boreal regions under a warming climate and increasing exploitation. Biological Conservation 143 (7): 15711586.
Tallis, H., Polasky, S., Lozano, J. S. & Wolny, S. (2012) Inclusive wealth accounting for regulating ecosystem services. In: UNU-IHDP and UNEP. Inclusive Wealth Report 2012. Measuring Progress Toward Sustainability, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Thomas, C. D., Anderson, B. J., Moilanen, A., Eigenbrod, F., Heinemeyer, A., Quaife, T., Roy, D. B., Gillings, S., Armsworth, P. R. & Gaston, K. (2012) Reconciling biodiversity and carbon conservation. Ecology Letters 16 (1): 19.
Wiken, E., Jiménez Nava, F. & Griffith, G. (2011) North American Terrestrial Ecoregions. Level III. Commission for Environmental Cooperation, Montreal, Canada.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Cimon-Morin supplementary material S1
Cimon-Morin supplementary material

 Word (1.4 MB)
1.4 MB
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Cimon-Morin supplementary material S2
Cimon-Morin supplementary material

 Unknown (252 KB)
252 KB

Site complementarity between biodiversity and ecosystem services in conservation planning of sparsely-populated regions

  • JÉRÔME CIMON-MORIN (a1) (a2) (a3), MARCEL DARVEAU (a1) (a2) (a3) and MONIQUE POULIN (a1) (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed