Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

On the Environmental and Socio-economic Impact of the Jonglei Canal Project, Southern Sudan

  • A. I. el Moghraby (a1) and M.O. el Sammani (a2)

Extract

The Jonglei Canal Project should be weighed against its socio-economic impacts as well as environmental considerations. If taken in a short- or long-term cost-benefit perspective, the Project we think is a justified undertaking.

One might argue: ‘let everything well alone; change is another word for disaster’. We are not contending that the Jonglei Canal Project, if duly completed, would not bring about a new mode of life for both Man and domestic and other animals. We are contending that the new mode will be a more satisfactory on than that which exists at present. Sudan aims at the transformation of traditional communities to better social and economic horizons, and not the intentional destruction of the traditional way of life. Many overlook the fact that the Nilotes are already changing, and that it is beyond the powers of the political and social systems to confine them to the past.

Nevertheless there are indications that ecologists and environmentalists are far from agreed among themselves as to whether the Jonglei canal is, on balance, a good or a bad idea. But in any case we would like to stress in conclusion that the Jonglei Canal Project is being executed at a relatively fortunate time in Man's history of awareness of the way in which he should be using his natural resources.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Adam, A. el Bedawi (1978). Some Studies on the Productivity of Jebal Aulia Reservoir. M.Sc. thesis, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan: 81 pp.
Alier, A. (1974). Statement to the People's Regional Assembly on the proposed Jonglei Canal. El Tamaddon Printing Press, Kartoum, Sudan: 18 pp.
Allam, T.M.H. (1979). Preliminary report on the insect fauna in the region between Malakal and Juba. Pp. 46 in Investigations of the General Ecology of the Sudd Area. Report No. 12, N.C.D.J.A., Sudan Government, Khartoum, Sudan: 24 pp.
Badri, O. el (1972). Sediment Transport and Deposition in the Blue Nile at Khartoum, Flood Seasons 1967, 1968, and 1969. M.Sc. thesis, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan: 229 pp.
Bebawi, F.F. (1972). Studies of the Ecology of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms in the Sudan. M. Sc. thesis, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan: 169 pp.
Berry, L. (1961). The characteristics and mode of formation of Nile Islands between Malakal and Saballoka. Pp. 713 in Hydrobiological Research Unit 8th Ann. Rep., Khartoum, Sudan: 51 pp.
Best, R. (1978). The Nile Basin: An Excercise in Development Planning. Development Studies Research Centre (DSRC), Faculty of Economics and Social Studies, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan: 128 pp.
Bishai, H.M. (1962). The water characteristics of the Nile in the Sudan, with a note on the effect of Eichhornia crassipes on the hydrobiology of the Nile. Hydrobiol, 20, pp. 31–9.
Boulanger, G.A. (1915). Catalogue of the Fresh-water Fishes of Africa (2nd edn, 1964). Wheldon & Wesley, and Verlag J. Cramer: 4 Vols, 506 pp. + 195 figs.
Brook, A.J. (1954). A systematic account of the phytoplankton of the Blue and White Nile at Khartoum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 12, pp. 648–56.
Bugler, J. (1978). Storm brews on White Nile canal. Evening Standard, London, England, UK. [Not available for checking.]
Cave, R.O. & MacDonald, J.D. (1955). Birds of the Sudan. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh & London: 444 pp.
Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1977). Reclamation of the Sahara. Environmental Conservation, 4 (2), pp. 115–9, 4 figs.
Cunnison, I. (1962). The technical and moral position of the anthropologist in relation to the economic development of tribal societies. In Sudan Society, Vol. I [Not available for checking].
Deng, F.M. (1972). The Dinka of the Sudan. (Case-studies in Cultural Anthropology, Yale University.) Holt, Reinhard & Winston, New York, NY, USA: 174 pp.
Euroconsult (the Netherlands) (1977). Jonglei Environmental Aspects. Draft report to Government of Sudan, Khartoum, Sudan: 82 pp.
Evans-Pritchard, E.E. (1940). The Nuer. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA: 271 pp.
Freidel, J.W. (1978). Populationdynamik der Wasserhyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) unter besonderer Berucksichtigung des Sudanischen Befallsgebieles. Ph.D. thesis, Universtät Hohenheim, Heft 17, 132 pp.
Gay, P.A. (1958) Eichhornia crassipes in the Nile of the Sudan. Nature (London), 182, pp. 538–9.
Girgis, S. (1948). A list of common fish from the Upper Nile with their Shilluk, Dinka, and Nuer, names. Sudan Notes and Records, 29, pp. 27.
Green, J. (1971). Associations of Cladocera in the zooplankton of the lake sources of the White Nile. J. of. Zoology, 165, pp. 373–44.
Green, J. (1977). Water birds in the Sudan in winter. Sudan Notes and Records, 58, pp. 199204.
Guillet, A. (1978). Distribution and conservation of the Shoebill (Balaeniceps rex) in the Southern Sudan. Biol. Conserv., 13, pp. 3949.
Guma'a, S.A. (1982). On the biology of female Epiplatys bifasciatus from Southern Sudan. Hydrobiol., 89, pp. 285300.
Hammerton, D. (1972). The Nile River–A case-history. Pp. 171207 in River Ecology and Man (Eds Oglesby, R.T., Clarence, A.C. & James, A.M.). Academic Press, London & New York: 465 pp.
Hennin, R.A. (1963). Economic development and internal migration in the Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records, 43, pp. 100–19.
Hurst, H.E. (1952). The Nile. Constable, London, England, UK: 326 pp.
Hurst, H.E. & Phillips, P. (1938). The Nile Basin. Vol. 5, Paper No 35: Schindler's Press, Cairo, Egypt: 251 pp.
Ibrahim, A.M. (1974). Reply of the Commissioner, Excutive Organ for Development Projects in Jonglei Area, to Points Raised by Opponents to Jonglei Canal Project. Public Relation files, Khartoum, Sudan: (Unpublished typescript).
Jonglei Investigation Team (1954). The Equatorial Nile Project. Sudan Government and Waterlow & Sons, London, England, UK: 4 Vols, xix + 816 pp., maps, etc.
Kassas, M. (1971). The River Nile ecological system: a study towards an international programme. Biol. Conserv., 4, pp. 1925, map.
Khalil, B.E. & Badri, O. el (1973). Reconnaissance geochemical and mineralogical exploration along the White Nile and tributaries. Hydrobiological Research Unit, Nineteenth Ann. Rep., Khartoum, Sudan: pp. 1930.
Khogali, F.A. & Moghraby, A.I. el (1979). Observations on the toxicity of 2,4-D on the biota of the White Nile. Pp. 7984 in Weed Research in Sudan. Vol. 1 Proceedings of a Symposium (Eds M.E. Beshir & W. Kock), 146 pp.
Kock, W. (1974). Studies on Population Dynamics of Eichhornia crassipes. Presented to the Water-hyacinth Control Meeting, July 1974: [unpublished typescript, not available for checking].
Kurdin, V.P. (1968). Data on hydrological and hydrochemical observations on the White Nile. Biologia Vnutrennich Vod. Inform. Biuletin, Acad. Sc. USSR. [Not available for checking.]
Lewis, D.G. (1955). Nimitti and other small annoying flies in the Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records, 35, pp. 7689.
Lewis, D.G. (1956). Chironomidae as a pest in the northern Sudan. Acta Trop., 13, pp. 142–58.
Macleay, K.N.G. (1959). Observations on birds of the Nile Valley. Pp. 12–7 in Hydrobiological Research Unit, 6th Ann. Rep., Khartoum, Sudan. [Not available for checking.]
Mann, O. (1977). The Jonglei Canal: Environmental and Social Aspects. The Environment Liaison Centre, Nairobi, Kenya: 70 pp.
Martin, A.J. & Williams, D.A. (Eds) (1982). A Land Between Two Niles. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands: 246 pp.
Meffit Italian Company (1982). Inception Report. Government of the Democratic Republic of the Sudan, Khartoum & Rome: 22 pp.
Migahid, A.M. (1947). An ecological study on the Sudd swamps of the Upper Nile. Proc. Egypt. Acad. Sc., 3, pp. 5786.
Moghraby, A.I. el (1975 a). Observations on game animals in some parts of Southern Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records, 56, pp. 269–74.
Moghraby, A.I. el (1975 b). Some effects of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms on the productivity of the White Nile. Pp. 133–50 in Aquatic Weeds in the Sudan. National Council for Research, Khartoum, Sudan: 150 pp.
Moghraby, A.I. el (1982). The Jonglei canal–needed development or potential ecodisaster? Environmental Conservation, 9, pp. 141–8, 4 figs.
Monakov, A.V. (1969). The zooplankton and zoobenthos of the White Nile and adjoining waters of the Republic of the Sudan. Hydrobiol., 33, pp. 162–85.
Muller, M. (1978). The Jonglei Canal. Earthscan Press Briefing, Document No 8, 10 Percy Street, London, England, UK: [not available for checking].
Nyang, B.B. & Guma'a, S.A. (1980). Fisheries resources development of the White Nile. Seminar on River Management and Development, CIFA Symposium, FAO, Malawi. [Not available for checking.]
Obeid, M. (Ed.) (1975). Aquatic Weeds in the Sudan. National Council for Research, Khartoum, Sudan: 150 pp.
Platenkamp, J.D.M. (1978). The Jonglei Canal, Its Impact on an Integrated System in the Southern Sudan. Publication No. 26, Institute of Cultural Anthropology and Sociology of Non-Western People University of Leiden, Leiden, the Netherlands: [not available for checking].
Rzóska, J. (1974). The Upper Nile swamps. Freshwater Biology, 3, pp. 207–31.
Rzóska, J. (Ed.) (1976). The Nile: Biology of an Ancient River. Junk, The Hague, Netherlands: xvi + 417 pp.
Salama, R.B. (1975). Ground-water Resources of Sudan. Rural Water Corporation, Khartoum, Sudan. [Not available for checking.]
Sammani, M.O. el (1980). Dynamics of Planned Change in the Twic Area. Ph.D. thesis, Dept of Geography, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan: 465 pp.
Sandon, H. (1950). An illustrated guide of the Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records, special issue: xxvii + 61 pp.
Scudder, T. (1978). Sudd Fisheries Development Programme, Phase 1. UNDP and the Excutive Organ for the Development Projects in the Jonglei Area, Khartoum, Sudan: 64 pp.
Seed, M. Tag el (1972). Some Aspects of the Ecology and Control of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. Ph.D thesis, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan: 239 pp.
Sutcliffe, J.V. (1974). A hydrological study of the southern Sudd region of the Upper Nile. Hydrological Sciences Bull., 19, pp. 237–55.
Sutcliffe, J.V. & Parks, Y.P. (1982). A Hydrological Estimate of the Effect of the Jonglei Canal on Areas of Flooding. Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxon., LIK: 53 pp., illustr.
Talling, J. (1954). Fish death in the Shambe region. Pp. 24–5 in Hydrobiological Research Unit 1st Ann. Rept, Khartoum, Sudan. [Not available for checking.]
Talling, J. (1957). The longitudinal succession of water characteristics in the White Nile. Hydrobiol., 11, pp. 7389.
Tato, N.A. (1977). Better way of life for a doomed future. Daily Nation (Kenyan newspaper), 13 10.
Thornton, I.W.B. (1954). Shore and bottom fauna. Pp. 1921 in Hydrobiological Research Unit 1st Ann. Rept, Khartoum, Sudan. [Not available for checking.]
Tombe, W.V.A. Le (1982). Fisheries Resource Evaluation and Utilization: Food-balance Studies in Juba Area. M.Sc. thesis, Instutute of Environmental Studies, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan: 96 pp. (mimeogr.).
Whiteman, A.J. (1971). The Geology of the Sudan Republic. Clarendon Press, Oxford, England, UK: 275 pp.

On the Environmental and Socio-economic Impact of the Jonglei Canal Project, Southern Sudan

  • A. I. el Moghraby (a1) and M.O. el Sammani (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.