Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Impacts of internal and external policies on land change in Uruguay, 2001–2009

  • DANIEL J. REDO (a1), T. MITCHELL AIDE (a1), MATTHEW L. CLARK (a2) and MARÍA JOSÉ ANDRADE-NÚÑEZ (a1)

Summary

Policies play a pivotal role in determining land change. Uruguay has been subject to first a rise and then decline in plantations of exotic trees as a result of internal Uruguayan government policies, and a recent substantial increase in soybean cultivation that may be attributed to Argentinean policies. To properly assess the relationship between land change and changes in land-use policies, vegetation change for Uruguay from 2001 to 2009 was mapped using MODIS imagery. Between 2001 and 2009, the area covered by exotic tree plantations declined by 1435 km2, and 34 681 km2 of herbaceous cover was converted to agricultural cover, mainly soybean cultivation. Uruguay and Argentina implemented land-use policy changes following the 2002 economic collapse. Rapid increase in exotic tree plantations, mainly in the 1990s, may have been stimulated by Uruguayan government incentives, while their recent decline coincides with the subsequent elimination of these incentives. The rapid increase in soybean production may be largely attributed to recent tax regimes in Argentina and lack of export tax in Uruguay combining to provide a favourable financial climate for Uruguayan soybean cultivation. Soybean cultivation is predicted to continue to expand in Uruguay, while exotic tree plantations should also increase in importance owing to the recent establishment of the world's largest pulp mill.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Correspondence: Dr Daniel Redo Tel: +1 601 434 6006 e-mail: dredo81@yahoo.com

References

Hide All
Achard, F., Mollicone, D., Stibig, H.J., Aksenov, D., Laestadius, L., Li, Z.Y., Popatov, P. & Yaroshenko, A. (2006) Areas of rapid forest-cover change in Boreal Eurasia. Forest Ecology and Management 237 (1–3): 322334.
Andrade-Núñez, M.J. & Aide, T.M. (2010) Effects of habitat and landscape characteristics on medium and large mammal species richness and composition in northern Uruguay. Zoologia 27 (6): 909917.
Baldi, G. & Paruelo, J.M. (2008) Land-use and land cover dynamics in South American temperate grasslands. Ecology and Society 13 (2): 6 [www document] URL http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art6/
Barrios, J.J., Gandelman, N. & Michelin, G. (2010) Analysis of several productive development policies in Uruguay. IDB (Inter-American Development Bank) Working Paper Series No. IDB-WP-130. Universidad ORT Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay.
Brannstrom, C.B., Jepson, W., Filippi, A.M., Redo, D., Xu, Z. & Ganesh, S. (2008) Land change in the Brazilian savanna (Cerrado), 1986–2002, comparative analysis and implications for land-use policy. Land Use Policy 25: 579595.
Breiman, L. (2001) Random forests. Machine Learning 45: 532.
Clark, M.L. & Aide, T.M. (2011) Virtual interpretation of Earth Web-Interface Tool (VIEW-IT) for collecting land-use/land-cover reference data. Remote Sensing 3: 601620.
Clark, M.L., Aide, T.M., Grau, H.R. & Riner, G. (2010) A scalable approach to mapping annual land-cover at 250-m using MODIS time-series data: a case study in the Dry Chaco ecoregion of South America. Remote Sensing of the Environment 114: 28162832.
Clement, F., Orange, D., Williams, M., Mulley, C. & Epprecht, M. (2009) Drivers of afforestation in Northern Vietnam: assessing local variations using geographically weighted regression. Applied Geography 29 (4): 561576.
Craze, M. & Rebella, J. (2008) Uruguay land prices double as farm policies lure Soros, Marfrig. Bloomberg [www document]. URL http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aq2Pp9RWiPy0&refer=exclusive
Dirección General Forestal (2010) Boletín Estadístico. Ministerio de Ganadería, Agricultura y Pesca, Uruguay [www document]. URL http://www.mgap.gub.uy/
EcoMetrix (2006) Cumulative impact study of Uruguay's pulp mills, Annex B: plantations. International Finance Corporation, World Bank Group, Washington, DC, USA [www document]. URL http://www.docstoc.com/docs/50721191/Cumulative-Impact-Study-Uruguay-Pulp-Mills
FAO (2010) Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010. Rome, Italy: Forestry Department.
FAOSTAT (2010) Crop production [www document]. URL http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx#ancor
Geary, T.F. (2001) Afforestation in Uruguay: study of a changing landscape. Journal of Forestry 99 (7): 3539.
Geist, H.J. & Lambin, E.F. (2002) Proximate causes and underlying driving forces of tropical deforestation. BioScience 52 (2): 143150.
Huete, A., Didan, K., Miura, T., Rodriguez, E.P., Gao, X. & Ferreira, L.G. (2002) Overview of the radiometric and biophysical performance of the MODIS vegetation indices. Remote Sensing of Environment 83: 195213.
INE (2011) Proyecciones de la población [www document]. URL http://www.ine.gub.uy/socio-demograficos/proyecciones2008.asp
ISRIC (2005) Soil and Terrain Database for Latin America and Caribbean (SOTERLAC). ISRIC, World Soil Information, Wageningen, The Netherlands [www document]. URL http://www.isric.org/projects/soter-latin-america-and-caribbean-soterlac
Jensen, J.R. (2007) Remote Sensing of the Environment: An Earth Resource Perspective. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Kuemmerle, T., Kozak, J., Radeloff, V.C. & Hostert, P. (2009) Differences in forest disturbance among land ownership types in Poland during and after socialism. Journal of Land Use Science 4 (1–2): 7383.
Lambin, E.F., Geist, H.J. & Lepers, E. (2003) Dynamics of land-use and land-cover change in tropical regions. Annual Review of Environmental Resources 28: 205241.
Mendell, B., Morales, V., Bennadji, Z., Moreno, A. & Siry, J. (2007) Financing Uruguay's forestry sector: survey and case study. Journal of Forestry 105 (3): 125130.
Olmos, V.M. & Siry, J.P. (2009) Economic impact evaluation of Uruguay forest sector development policy. Journal of Forestry 107 (2): 6368.
Olson, D.M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanaya, E.D., Neil, K.E., Burgess, D., Powell, G.V.N., Underwood, E.C., D'Amico, J.A., Itoua, I., Strand, H.E., Morrison, J.C., Loucks, C.J., Allnutt, T.F., Ricketts, T.H., Kura, Y., Lamoreux, J.F., Wettengel, W.W., Hedao, P. & Kassem, K.R. (2001) Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on earth. BioScience 51 (11): 933938.
Patterson, M.W. & Hoalst-Pullen, N. (2011) Dynamic equifinality: the case of south-central Chile's evolving forest landscape. Applied Geography 31 (2): 641649.
Psetizki, V. (2011) Labour shortages threaten Uruguay's prosperity. BBC News Business [www document]. URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-12277806
Redo, D., Millington, A.C. & Hindery, D. (2011) Deforestation dynamics and policy changes in Bolivia's post-neoliberal era. Land Use Policy 28: 227241.
Snoeck, M., Casacuberta, C., Domingo, R., Pastori, H. & Pittaluga, L. (2007) The emergence of new successful export activities in Uruguay. Report. IADB Project: Latin American Research Network, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.
Torres, J.M. & Fossati, A. (2004) Estudio de tendencias y perspectivas del sector forestal en América Latina. Documento de Trabajo. Informe Nacional Uruguay. FAO, Rome, Italy [www document]. URL http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/j2807s/j2807s00.htm
USDA (2009) Uruguay, Oilseeds, Annual 2009. GAIN Report Number UY 9003 [www document]. URL http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Commodity%20Report_OILSEEDS%20_Buenos%20Aires_Uruguay_4–30-2009.pdf
USDA (2010) Uruguay, Oilseeds and Products Annual, 2010. GAIN Report [www document]. URL http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Oilseeds%20and%20Products%20Annual_Buenos%20Aires_Uruguay_4-15-2010.pdf
van Meijl, H., van Rheenen, T., Tabeau, A. & Eickhout, B. (2006) The impact of different policy environments on agricultural land use in Europe. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 114 (1): 2138.
WDPA (2011) The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA): January 2011. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and UNEP-WCMC (United Nations Environment Programme-World Conservation Monitoring Centre), Cambridge, UK [www document]. URL http://www.wdpa.org/
Zibechi, R. (2008) The soybean crop in Uruguay: the creation of a power block. Americas Program [www document]. URL http://upsidedownworld.org/main/content/view/1378/1/

Keywords

Impacts of internal and external policies on land change in Uruguay, 2001–2009

  • DANIEL J. REDO (a1), T. MITCHELL AIDE (a1), MATTHEW L. CLARK (a2) and MARÍA JOSÉ ANDRADE-NÚÑEZ (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed