On the basis of the results of the First International Biosphere Reserve Congress, jointly convened in Minsk in 1983 by UNESCO and UNEP in cooperation with FAO and IUCN, at the invitation of the USSR, and of consultations with conservation specialists and scientists which have since taken place, an Action Plan for Biosphere Reserves was adopted by the International Coordinating Council of the Programme on Man and the Biosphere at its eighth session (Paris, 3–8 December 1984) and is presented in this document as a programme framework. This framework identifies a range of actions for consideration by Governments and concerned international organizations in developing the multiple functions of Biosphere Reserves within the overall context of the MAB Programme. Those actions concretely serve the implementation of the World Conservation Strategy. While a number of actions are of a permanent nature, the stress is placed on activities which can be carried out in the period 1985–89—see the following Table.
In summary, Governments and international organizations are invited to undertake activities which will improve and expand the international Biosphere Reserve network, to develop basic knowledge for conserving ecosystems and biological diversity, and to make Biosphere Reserves more effective in linking conservation and development in fulfilling the broad objectives of MAB.
* Bold-face type is used in the rest of this document to indicate who should take the actions that are needed.—Ed.
* This of course is a major objective of the World Council For The Biosphere and of its sister organization the International Society For Environmental Education. —Ed.
* This Action Plan, which was adopted by the International Coordinating Council of the Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB) in December 1984, is being submitted for consideration in May 1985 to the Governing Council of UNEP and the Executive Board of UNESCO. It has kindly been communicated to Environmental Conservation by Dr Michel Batisse—see also his accounts of ‘The Relevance of MAB’ and ‘The Biosphere Reserve: A Tool for Environmental Conservation and Management’ published, respectively, in Environmental Conservation, 7(3), pp. 179–84 with fig., 1980, and 9(2), pp. 101–11 with 8 figs, 1982.—Ed.
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