Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684bc48f8b-kbzls Total loading time: 0.564 Render date: 2021-04-13T05:09:01.265Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Fuel choice, indoor air pollution and children's health

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 February 2012

John H. Y. Edwards
Affiliation:
Department of Economics, Tulane University, USA. Email: edwards@tulane.edu
Christian Langpap
Affiliation:
Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Ballard 240 E, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. Tel: 541 737 1473. Fax: 541 737 2563. Email: christian.langpap@oregonstate.edu
Corresponding

Abstract

Much of the population in developing countries uses firewood for cooking. The resulting indoor air pollution has severe health consequences for children who are close to the fire while their mothers cook. We use survey data from Guatemala to examine the effects of firewood consumption on the health of children up to five years of age. We also investigate the impact of cooking inside the home, the importance of a mother cooking while caring for her children and the role played by the smoke permeability of housing construction materials. We find that children living in households that use more wood, and where exposure to indoor air pollution is higher because the mother cooks while caring for children or because cooking takes place inside, are more likely to have symptoms of respiratory infection. Simulations indicate that policies that target cooking habits in order to directly reduce exposure, particularly by reducing the number of women who simultaneously cook and care for children, may be more effective for improving young children's health than policies to accelerate the adoption of gas stoves.

Type
Theory and Applications
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Ahmed, K., Yewand, A., Barnes, D.F., Cropper, M.L., and Kojima, M. (2005), Environmental Health and Traditional Fuel use in Guatemala, Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Albalak, R., Bruce, N., McCracken, J.P., Smith, K.R., and DeGallardo, T. (2001), ‘Indoor respirable particulate matter concentrations from an open fire, improved cook stove, and LPG/open fire combination in a rural Guatemalan community’, Environmental Science Technology 35: 26502655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alderman, H., Hoddinott, J., and Kinsey, B. (2006), ‘Long term consequences of early childhood malnutrition’, Oxford Economic Papers 58: 450474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Amacher, G.S., Hyde, W.F., and Kanel, K.R. (1996), ‘Household fuel wood demand and supply in Nepal's Tarai and Mid-Hills: choice between cash outlays and labor opportunity’, World Development 24: 17251736.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Angrist, J. and Pischke, J. (2009), Mostly Harmless Econometrics: An Empiricist's Companion, Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Barnes, B.R., Mathee, A., Shafritz, L.B., Krieger, L., and Zimicki, S. (2004), ‘A behavioral intervention to reduce child exposure to indoor air pollution: identifying possible target behaviors’, Health Education and Behavior 31: 306317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, D., Krutilla, K., and Hyde, W. (2005), The Urban Household Energy Transition. Social and Environmental Impacts in the Developing World, Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.Google Scholar
Bruce, N. and Perez-Padilla, R. (2000), ‘Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge’, Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78: 10781092.Google Scholar
Bruce, N., Neufeld, L., Boy, E., and West, C. (1998), ‘Indoor biofuel air pollution and respiratory health: the role of confounding factors among women in highland Guatemala’, International Journal of Epidemiology 27: 454458.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bruce, N., McCracken, J., Albalak, R., Schei, M., Smith, K.R., Lopez, V., and West, C. (2004), ‘Impact of improved stoves, house construction and child location on levels of indoor air pollution in young Guatemalan children’, Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 14: S26S33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bruce, N.L., Rehfuess, E., Mehta, S., Hutton, G., and Smith, K. (2006), ‘Indoor air pollution’, in Jamison, D.T., Breman, J.G. and Measham, A.R. (eds), Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd ednNew York: World Bank, Oxford University Press, pp. 793815.Google ScholarPubMed
Cameron, A.C. and Trivedi, P.K. (2005), Microeconometrics. Methods and Applications, New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Study Team, Cebu (1992), ‘A child health production function estimated from longitudinal data’, Journal of Development Economics 38: 323351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chay, K. and Greenstone, M. (2003), ‘The impact of air pollution on infant mortality: evidence from geographic variation in pollution shocks induced by a recession’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 118: 11211167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cogill, B. (2003), Anthropometric Evaluation and Annual Monitoring Indicators, Washington, DC: USAID, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project.Google Scholar
Cohen, A., Anderson, R., Ostra, B., Pandey, K.D., Krzyzanowski, M., Künzli, N., Gutschmidt, K., Pope, A., Romieu, I., Samet, J.M., and Smith, K. (2004), ‘Urban ambient air pollution’, in Ezzati, M., Lopez, A.D., Rodgers, A. and Murray, C.J.L. (eds), Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Global and Regional Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risk Factors, Geneva: World Health Organization, pp. 13531433.Google Scholar
Cohen, A.J., Anderson, H.R., Ostra, B., Pandey, K.D., Krzyzanowski, M., Künzli, N., Gutschmidt, K., Pope, A., Romieu, I., Samet, J.M., and Smith, K. (2005), ‘The global burden of disease due to outdoor air pollution’, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health A 68: 17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Currie, J. and Neidell, M. (2005), ‘Air pollution and infant health: what can we learn from California's recent experience?’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 120: 10031030.Google Scholar
Currie, J., Neidell, M., and Schmieder, J.F. (2009), ‘Air pollution and infant health: lessons from New Jersey’, Journal of Health Economics 28: 688703.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dasgupta, S., Huq, M., Khalequzzaman, M., Pandey, K., and Wheeler, D. (2004), ‘Indoor air quality for poor families: new evidence from Bangladesh’, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2004.3393, World Bank, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
Dherani, M., Pope, D., Mascarenhas, M., Smith, K., Weber, M., and Bruce, N. (2008), ‘Indoor air pollution from unprocessed solid fuel use and pneumonia risk in children aged under five years: a systematic review and meta-analysis’, Bulletin of the World Health Organization 86: 390398.Google ScholarPubMed
Dionisio, K.L., Howie, S., Fornace, K.M., Chimah, O., Adegbola, R.A., and Ezzati, M. (2008), ‘Measuring the exposure of infants and children to indoor air pollution from biomass fuels in The Gambia’, Indoor Air 18: 317327.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dionisio, K.L., Rooney, M.S., Arku, R.E., Friedman, A.B., Hughes, A.F., Vallarino, J., Agyei-Mensah, S., Spengler, J.D., and Ezzati, M. (2010), ‘Within-neighborhood patterns and sources of particle pollution: mobile monitoring and Geographic Information System analysis in four communities in Accra, Ghana’, Environmental Health Perspectives 118: 607613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duflo, E., Greenstone, M., and Hanna, R. (2008), ‘Indoor air pollution, health, and economic well-being’, Surveys and Perspectives Integrating Environment and Society 1: 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edwards, J.H.Y. and Langpap, C. (2005), ‘Startup costs and the decision to switch from firewood to gas fuel’, Land Economics 81: 570586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ezzati, M. and Kammen, D.M. (2001), ‘Quantifying the effects of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on acute respiratory infections in developing countries’, Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 481488.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ezzati, M. and Kammen, D.M. (2002), ‘The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: knowledge, gaps, and data needs’, Environmental Health Perspectives 110: 10571068.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foster, V. and Tre, J.P. (2003), ‘Measuring the impact of energy interventions on the poor – an illustration from Guatemala’, in Brook, P.J. and Irwin, T.C. (eds), Infrastructure for Poor People, Washington, DC: World Bank, pp. 125178.Google Scholar
Frankenberg, E., McKee, D., and Thomas, D. (2005), ‘Health consequences of forest fires in Indonesia’, Demography 42: 109129.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fullerton, D.G., Bruce, N., and Gordon, S.B. (2008), ‘Indoor air pollution from biomass fuel smoke is a major health concern in the developing world’, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 102: 843951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fullerton, D., Semple, S., Kalambo, F., Suseno, A., Malamba, R., Henderson, G., Ayres, J., and Gordon, S. (2009), ‘Biomass fuel use and indoor air pollution in homes in Malawi’, Occupational and Environmental Medicine 66: 777783.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Harrison, R. and Yin, J. (2000), ‘Particulate matter in the atmosphere: which particle properties are important for its effects on health?’, Science of the Total Environment 249: 85101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heltberg, R. (2005), ‘Factors determining household fuel choice in Guatemala’, Environment and Development Economics 10: 337361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heltberg, R., Arndt, T., and Sekhar, N. (2000), ‘Fuelwood consumption and forest degradation: a household model for domestic energy substitution in rural India’, Land Economics 76: 213232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jayachandran, S. (2009), ‘Air quality and early-life mortality: evidence from Indonesia's wildfires’, Journal of Human Resources 44: 916954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Khalequzzaman, M., Kamijima, M., Sakai, K., Chowdhury, N., Hamajima, N., and Nakajima, T. (2007), ‘Indoor air pollution and its impact on children under five years old in Bangladesh’, Indoor Air 17: 18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McClellan, R. (2002), ‘Setting ambient air quality standards for particulate matter’, Toxicology 181–182: 328347.Google Scholar
McCracken, J.P. and Smith, K.R. (1998), ‘Emission and efficiency of improved wood burning cook stoves in highland Guatemala’, Environment International 24: 739747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Naeher, L.P., Leaderer, B.P., and Smith, K.R. (2000a), ‘Particulate matter and carbon monoxide in highland Guatemala: indoor and outdoor levels from traditional and improved wood stoves and gas stoves’, Indoor Air 10: 200205.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Naeher, L.P., Smith, K.R., Leaderer, B.P., Mage, D., and Grajeda, R. (2000b), ‘Indoor and outdoor PM2.5 and CO in high- and low-density Guatemalan villages’, Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 10: 544551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
National Bank of Guatemala (2009), El Sistema de Contabilidad Ambiental y Económica Integrada. Síntesis de Hallazgos de la Relación Ambiente y Economía en Guatemala, Guatemala City: Departamento de Estadísticas Económicas del Banco de Guatemala.Google Scholar
Neidell, M.J. (2004), ‘Air pollution, health, and socio-economic status: the effect of outdoor air quality on childhood asthma’, Journal of Health Economics 23: 12091236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Newey, W.K. (1987), ‘Efficient estimation of limited dependent variable models with endogenous explanatory variables’, Journal of Econometrics 36: 231250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Papineau, M., Aunana, K., and Berntsen, T. (2009), ‘Distributional determinants of household air pollution in China’, Environment and Development Economics 14: 621639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perez-Padilla, R., Schilmann, A., and Riojas-Rodriguez, H. (2010), ‘Respiratory health effects of indoor air pollution’, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 12: 10791086.Google Scholar
Pfaff, A.S, Shubham, C., and Nye, H.L. (2004), ‘Household production and environmental Kuznets curves – examining the desirability and feasibility of substitution’, Environmental and Resource Economics 27: 187200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pitt, M., Rosenzweig, M., and Hassan, M. (2010), ‘Short- and long-term effects of burning biomass in the home in low-income countries’, Working Paper, Department of Economics, Brown University, Providence, NJ.Google Scholar
Rinne, S.T., Rodas, E.J., Rinne, M.L., Simpson, J.M., and Glickman, L.T. (2007), ‘Use of biomass fuel is associated with infant mortality and child health in trend analysis’, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 76: 585591.Google Scholar
Rumchev, K., Spickett, J.T., Brown, H.L., and Mkhweli, B. (2007), ‘Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion and respiratory symptoms of women and children in a Zimbabwean village’, Indoor Air 17: 468474.Google Scholar
Smith, K.R., Lui, Y., Rivera, J., Boy, E., Leaderer, B., Johnston, C.C., Yanagisawa, Y., and Lee, K. (1993), ‘Indoor air quality and child exposures in highland Guatemala’, in Jaakkola, J.J. (ed.), Indoor Air, Helsinki: University of Technology, pp. 441446.Google ScholarPubMed
Smith, K.R., Mehta, S., and Maeusezahl-Feuz, M. (2004), ‘Indoor smoke from solid fuels’, in Ezzati, M., Rodgers, A.D., Lopez, A.D. and Murray, C.L. (eds), Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Global Burden of Disease Due to Selected Major Risk Factors, Geneva: World Health Organization, pp. 14351493.Google Scholar
Smith-Sivertsen, T., Diaz, E., Bruce, N., Diaz, A., Khalakdina, A., Schei, M.A., McCracken, J., Arana, B., Klein, R., Thompson, L., and Smith, K.R. (2004), ‘Reducing indoor air pollution with a randomized intervention design – a presentation of the stove intervention study in the Guatemalan highlands’, Norsk Epidemiologi 14: 137143.Google Scholar
Stock, J. and Yogo, M. (2005), ‘Testing for weak instruments in linear IV regression’, in Stock, J. and Andrews, M. (eds), Identification and Inference for Econometric Models: Essays in Honor of Thomas J. Rothenberg, New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Taylor, M.J., Moran-Taylor, M.J., Castellanos, E.J., and Elias, S. (2011), ‘Burning for sustainability: biomass energy, international migration, and the move to cleaner fuels and cookstoves in Guatemala’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101: 918928.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thomas, D., Strauss, J., and Henriques, M.H. (1990), ‘Child survival, height for age, and household characteristics in Brazil’, Journal of Development Economics 33: 197234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Torres-Duque, C., Maldonado, D., Perez-Padilla, R., Ezzati, M., and Viegi, G. (2008), ‘Biomass fuels and respiratory diseases – a review of the evidence’, Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society 5: 577590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
UNDP-WHO (United Nations Development Programme and World Health Organization) (2009), The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries, New York.Google ScholarPubMed
Van der Klaauw, B. and Wang, L. (2011), ‘Child mortality in rural India’, Journal of Population Economics 24: 601628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization) (2002), The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life, Geneva: World Health Organization.Google ScholarPubMed

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 35
Total number of PDF views: 203 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 13th April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Fuel choice, indoor air pollution and children's health
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Fuel choice, indoor air pollution and children's health
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Fuel choice, indoor air pollution and children's health
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *