Podocarpus rotundus de Laub. (1978), which has been used for an extant species of Podocarpus L'Hér. ex Pers. from the Philippines and Kalimantan, is an illegitimate name, being published later than its homonym P. rotundus Bocharn. (1960) that has been used for a Palaeocene fossil pollen morphospecies described from Sverdlovsk Oblast in the Urals (Russia). For the species from the Philippines and Kalimantan, the replacement name Podocarpus ramosii is here proposed.