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Resilience of Nurses in the Face of Disaster

  • Stephanie B. Turner (a1)

Abstract

Objective

On April 27, 2011, the state of Alabama encountered a horrific day of tornados that left a trail of damage throughout the state. The city of Tuscaloosa was devastated by an EF-4 that resulted in many victims and casualties. Druid City Hospital in Tuscaloosa had a massive inflow of victims with both mild and major injuries. When disasters such as this occur, nurses must respond with efficiency and effectiveness to help as many victims as possible. However, little is known about the psychological effects of disasters on nurses and how these impact nurses both personally and professionally. Because resilience can directly impact how a nurse responds to a situation, this article aimed to examine the resilience levels of nurses working during the disaster.

Methods

This study was part of a larger study examining the needs of nurses both before and after disasters. Ten nurses were interviewed and completed a 10-item survey on resilience, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). The full range of scores on this scale is from 0 to 40, with higher scores reflecting greater resilience.

Results

In this survey of 10 nurses, the scores ranged from 33 to 40, with a mean score of 36.7.

Conclusions

The nurses who were interviewed and completed the survey possessed a high level of resilience. More research should be done on the causes of increased resilience in nurses after disasters. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2015;9:601–604)

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to Stephanie B. Turner, EdD, MSN, RN, Box 870358, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0358 (e-mail: Turne102@ua.edu).

References

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2. Alexander, DA, Psychol, C, Klien, S. First responders after disasters: a review of stress reactions, at-risk, vulnerability, and resilience factors. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2009;24:87-94. http://pdm.medicine.wisc.edu. Accessed July 31, 2014.
3. Pietrantoni, L, Prati, G. Resilience among first responders. Afr Health Sci. 2008;8:14-20.
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5. Mealer, M, Jones, J, Newman, J, et al. The presence of resilience is associated with a healthier psychological profile in intensive care unit (ICU) nurses: Results of a national survey. Intern J Nurs Stud. 2012;49:292-299. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.09.015.
6. Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters. Annual Disaster Statistical Review: Numbers and Trends 2013.CRED website. www.cred.be. Accessed July 31, 2014.
7. Hammand, KS, Arbon, P, Gebbie, K, et al. Nursing in the emergency department during a disaster: A review of the current literature. Australas Emerg Nurs J. 2012;15:235-244. doi: 10.1016/j.aenj.2012.10.005.
8. Giarratano, G, Orlando, S, Savage, J. Perinatal nursing in uncertain times. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2008;33:249-257. http://journals.lww.com/mcnjournal/pages/default.aspx. Accessed July 31, 2014.
9. Tusaie, K, Dyer, J. Resilience: a historical review of the construct. Holist Nurs Pract. 2004;18:3-8.
10. Campbell-Sills, L, Stein, M. Overview: Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). www.cd-risc.com. Accessed July, 31 2014.

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Resilience of Nurses in the Face of Disaster

  • Stephanie B. Turner (a1)

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