Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Pregnant Women’s Awareness of Social Capital in the Great East Japan Earthquake-Affected Areas of Miyagi Prefecture: The Japan Environment and Children’s Study

  • Hidekazu Nishigori (a1) (a2), Toshie Nishigori (a3), Kasumi Sakurai (a2), Satoshi Mizuno (a2) (a3), Taku Obara (a2) (a3) (a4), Hirohito Metoki (a2) (a3) (a5), Zen Watanabe (a1), Noriyuki Iwama (a1), Mami Ishikuro (a2) (a3), Nozomi Tatsuta (a2), Ichiko Nishijima (a2) (a3), Junichi Sugawara (a1), Shinichi Kuriyama (a2) (a3) (a6), Ikuma Fujiwara (a2), Takahiro Arima (a2), Kunihiko Nakai (a2), Fumiaki Takahashi (a7), Nobuo Yaegashi (a1) (a2) (a3) and the Japan Environment & Children’s Study Group...

Abstract

Objective

We aimed to clarify the correlation between the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and pregnant women’s awareness of social capital 3 to 9 months after the tsunami disaster.

Methods

We analyzed data on responses to a questionnaire by 7451 pregnant women in their second to third trimesters. The proportions of social capital–related items were calculated in the north and south coastal areas of Miyagi Prefecture and were compared with national samples. The factors associated with social capital were estimated by use of multivariate logistic regression analyses.

Results

The proportion of women feeling that they had helpful neighbors was higher (69.0% vs 56.7%, P=0.0005), the proportion of women regarding their communities as safe and secure was lower (51.7% vs 62.4%, P=0.002), and the proportion of women feeling that most people were trustworthy was lower (23.7% vs 32.9%, P=0.006) in the north coastal area than nationwide. Such differences were not observed in the less severely affected south coastal area. Age of 35 years or older, extended family, college or university graduation, and being multiparous were associated with the feeling of having helpful neighbors.

Conclusion

The current status of pregnant women’s awareness of social capital in disaster-affected areas was revealed. Continuous monitoring and support may be necessary to address this issue.(Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;11:355–364)

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to Kasumi Sakurai, Environment and Genome Research Center, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo Aoba Miyagi, Japan 980-8575 (e-mail: kasakurai69@gmail.com).

References

Hide All
1. Kawamoto, T, Nitta, H, Murata, K, et al. Working Group of the Epidemiological Research for Children’s Environmental Health. Rationale and study design of the Japan environment and children’s study (JECS). BMC Public Health. 2014;10:14-25. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-25.
2. Countermeasures for the Great East Japan Earthquake; Damage Situation and Police Countermeasures associated with 2011. Tohoku district - off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake [in Japanese]. The National Police Agency website. https://www.npa.go.jp/archive/keibi/biki/index_e.htm. Accessed January 18, 2015.
3. Ishinomaki City [in Japanese]. Miyagi Prefecture website. https://www.city.ishinomaki.lg.jp/cont/10181000/7312/03.pdf. Accessed January 18, 2015.
4. Onagawa-cho [in Japanese]. Miyagi Prefecture website. http://www.town.onagawa.miyagi.jp/ayumi.html. Accessed January 18, 2015.
5. Kesennuma City [in Japanese]. Miyagi Prefecture website. https://www.pref.miyagi.jp/uploaded/attachment/288220.pdf. Accessed January 18, 2015.
6. Minami Sanriku-cho [in Japanese]. Miyagi Prefecture website. http://www.town.minamisanriku.miyagi.jp/index.cfm/17,181,21,html. Accessed January 18, 2015.
7. Iwanuma City [in Japanese]. Miyagi Prefecture website. http://miyagi.fukkou-tourism.com/iwanuma/i_higai/. Accessed January 18, 2015.
8. Yamamoto-cho [in Japanese]. Miyagi Prefecture website. http://www.town.yamamoto.miyagi.jp/site/fukkou/324.html. Accessed January 18, 2015.
9. Watari-cho [in Japanese]. Miyagi Prefecture website. http://miyagi.fukkou-tourism.com/watari/w_higai/. Accessed January 18, 2015.
10. Nishigori, H, Sasaki, M, Obara, T, et al. Correlation between the Great East Japan Earthquake and postpartum depression: a study in Miyako, Iwate, Japan. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2015;9:307-312.
11. Nishigori, H, Sugawara, J, Obara, T, et al. Surveys of postpartum depression in Miyagi, Japan, after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2014;17:579-581.
12. Watanabe, Z, Iwama, N, Nishigori, H, et al. Psychological distress during pregnancy in Miyagi after the Great East Japan Earthquake: The Japan Environment and Children’s Study. J Affect Disord. 2015;190:341-348.
13. Sakurai, K, Nishigori, H, Nishigori, T, et al, Incidence of domestic violence against pregnant females after the Great East Japan Earthquake in Miyagi Prefecture: The Japan Environment and Children’s Study [published online July 27, 2016]. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2016.109.
14. Long, D, Wong, YL. Time bound: the time scape of secondary trauma of the surviving teachers of the Wenchuan Earthquake. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2012;82:241-250.
15. Nakagawa, Y, Shaw, R. Social capital: a missing link to disaster recovery. Int J Mass Emerg Disasters. 2004;22:5-34.
16. Aldrich, DP. The power of people: social capital’s role in recovery from the 1995 Kobe Earthquake. Natural Hazards. 2011;56:595-611.
17. Buckland, J, Rahman, M. Community-based disaster management during the 1997 Red River Flood in Canada. Disasters. 1999;23(2):174-191.
18. Takada, S. Post-traumatic stress disorders and mental health care (lessons learned from the Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, Kobe, 1995). Brain Dev. 2013;35:214-219.
19. Beaudoin, CE. News, social capital and health in the context of Katrina. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2007;18:418-430.
20. Beiser, M, Wiwa, O, Adebajo, S. Human-initiated disaster, social disorganization and post-traumatic stress disorder above Nigeria’s oil basins. Soc Sci Med. 2010;71:221-227.
21. Wind, TR, Fordham, M, Komproe, IH. Social capital and post-disaster mental health [published online June 15, 2011]. Glob Health Action. 2011;4. doi: 10.3402/gha.v4i0.6351.
22. Wind, TR, Komproe, IH. The mechanisms that associate community social capital with post-disaster mental health: a multilevel model. Soc Sci Med. 2012;75:1715-1720.
23. Ali, M, Farooq, N, Bhatti, MA, et al. Assessment of prevalence and determinants of posttraumatic stress disorder in survivors of earthquake in Pakistan using Davidson Trauma Scale. J Affect Disord. 2012;136:238-243.
24. Putnam, RD, Leonardi, R, Nanetti, R. Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press; 1993.
25. Kawauchi, I. Commentary: social capital and health: making the connections one step at a time. Int J Epidemiol. 2006;35:989-993.
26. Coleman, JS. Foundation of Social Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 1990.
27. O’Connor, TG, Heron, J, Golding, J, et al. Maternal antenatal anxiety and behavioural/emotional problems in children: a test of a programming hypothesis. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2003;44:1025-1036.
28. Laplante, DP, Brunet, A, Schmitz, N, et al. Project Ice Storm: prenatal maternal stress affects cognitive and linguistic functioning in 5 1/2-year-old children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008;47:1063-1072.
29. Michikawa, T, Nitta, H, Nakayama, SF, et al. Japan Environment and Children’s Study Group. The Japan Environment and Children’s Study (JECS): a preliminary report on selected characteristics of approximately 10 000 pregnant women recruited during the first year of the study. J Epidemiol. 2015;25:452-458.
30. Kessler, RC, Andrews, G, Colpe, LJ, et al. Short screening scales to monitor population prevalences and trends in non-specific psychological distress. Psychol Med. 2002;32:959-976.
31. Kessler, RC, Barker, PR, Colpe, LJ, et al. Screening for serious mental illness in the general population. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003;60:184-189.
32. Kuriyama, S, Nakaya, N, Ohmori-Matsuda, K, et al. Factors associated with psychological distress in a community-dwelling Japanese population: The Ohsaki Cohort 2006 Study. J Epidemiol. 2009;19:294-302.
33. Moore, S, Daniel, M, Linnan, L, et al. After Hurricane Floyd passed: investigating the social determinants of disaster preparedness and recovery. Fam Community Health. 2004;27:204-217.
34. Inaba, Y. An analysis of changes in Japan’s social capital by age [in Japanese]. Seikei Kenkyu. 2015;51:1-30.
35. Inaba, Y. Social Capital Nyumon [in Japanese]. Tokyo: Chuoshincho; 2011.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Pregnant Women’s Awareness of Social Capital in the Great East Japan Earthquake-Affected Areas of Miyagi Prefecture: The Japan Environment and Children’s Study

  • Hidekazu Nishigori (a1) (a2), Toshie Nishigori (a3), Kasumi Sakurai (a2), Satoshi Mizuno (a2) (a3), Taku Obara (a2) (a3) (a4), Hirohito Metoki (a2) (a3) (a5), Zen Watanabe (a1), Noriyuki Iwama (a1), Mami Ishikuro (a2) (a3), Nozomi Tatsuta (a2), Ichiko Nishijima (a2) (a3), Junichi Sugawara (a1), Shinichi Kuriyama (a2) (a3) (a6), Ikuma Fujiwara (a2), Takahiro Arima (a2), Kunihiko Nakai (a2), Fumiaki Takahashi (a7), Nobuo Yaegashi (a1) (a2) (a3) and the Japan Environment & Children’s Study Group...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.