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Evaluation of an Online Educational Intervention to Increase Knowledge and Self-efficacy in Disaster Responders and Critical Care Transporters Caring for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities

  • Zachariah S. Edinger (a1), Kelly A. Powers (a2), Kathleen S. Jordan (a2) and David W. Callaway (a3)

Abstract

Objective

Disability-related education is essential for disaster responders and critical care transporters to ensure positive patient outcomes. This pilot study evaluated the effect of an online educational intervention on disaster responders and critical care transporters’ knowledge of and feelings of self-efficacy about caring for individuals with developmental disabilities.

Methods

A 1-group, pretest-posttest, quasi-experimental design was used. A convenience sample of 33 disaster responders and critical care transporters participated.

Results

Of the 33 participants, only 24% had received prior education on this topic, and 88% stated that such education would be beneficial to their care of patients. Nineteen participants completed both the pretest and posttest, and overall performance on knowledge items improved from 66% correct to 81% correct. Self-efficacy for caring for developmentally disabled individuals improved, with all 10 items showing a statistically significant improvement.

Conclusion

Online education is recommended to improve the knowledge and self-efficacy of disaster responders and critical care transporters who care for this vulnerable population after disasters and emergencies. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2018;Page 1 of 5)

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to Zachariah S. Edinger, Carolinas Healthcare System, Levine Cancer Institute, 1021 Morehead Medical Drive, Suite 3027, Charlotte, NC 28204 (e-mail: zach.edinger@atriumhealth.org).

References

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1. Mitchell, T, Guha-Sapir, D, Hall, J, et al. Setting, measuring and monitoring targets for reducing disaster risk: recommendations for post-2015 international policy frameworks. Overseas Development Institute. https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/9215.pdf. Published October 2014. Accessed May 8, 2017.
2. Boyle, C, Boulet, S, Schieve, L, et al. Trends in the prevalence of developmental disability in US children, 1997-2008. Pediatrics. 2011;127(6):1034-1042.
3. US Bureau of the Census. http://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2012/demo/p70-131.pdf. Published 2010. Accessed May 8, 2017.
4. National Council on Disability. Quarterly Meeting: People with Disabilities and Emergency Management; January 2008; Washington, DC. https://ncd.gov/system/files_force/Documents/Quarterly%20Meeting-%20People%20with%20Disabilites%20and%20Emergency%20Mgmt%202008.pdf?download=1. Published January 29, 2008. Accessed May 8, 2017.
5. Wolf-Fordham, SB, Twyman, JS, Hamad, CD. Educating first responders to provide emergency services to individuals with disabilities. Disast Med Public Health Prep. 2014;8(6):533-540.
6. The State of New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. DO NO HARM—Developmental Disabilities Awareness Training for NJ First Responders. https://njlmn.njlincs.net/cdr/DD/course/player.html. Published 2008. Accessed May 8, 2017.
7. The University of Colorado—JFK Partners. Developmental Training for First Responders. http://www.ucdenver.edu/academics/colleges/medicalschool/programs/JFKPartners/educationtraining/onlinecourses/Documents/Developmental%20Disabilities%20for%20First%20Responders/player.html. Published 2017. Accessed May 9, 2017.
8. Carolinas MED-1. Carolinas HealthCare System Mobile Medicine. www.carolinasmed-1.org. Published 2016. Accessed May 9, 2017.
9. MedCenter Air. Carolinas HealthCare System Mobile Medicine. www.medcenterair.com. Published 2016. Accessed May 9, 2017.
10. Qualtrics [computer program]. Version Jan 2018. Provo, UT: Qualtrics; 2018.
11. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences [computer program]. Version 23 for MacOS. Chicago, IL: SPSS Inc; 2015.

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