Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-78dcdb465f-tqmtl Total loading time: 13.138 Render date: 2021-04-15T03:28:02.840Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Characteristics of Effective Disaster Responders and Leaders: A Survey of Disaster Medical Practitioners

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 May 2016

Richard V. King
Affiliation:
Department of Health Care Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390
Gregory Luke Larkin
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Auckland
Raymond L. Fowler
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dana L. Downs
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; Altschuler Center for Education & Research, Metrocare Services.
Carol S. North
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; Altschuler Center for Education & Research, Metrocare Services.
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Objective

To identify key attributes of effective disaster/mass casualty first responders and leaders, thereby informing the ongoing development of a capable disaster health workforce.

Methods

We surveyed emergency response practitioners attending a conference session, the EMS State of the Science: A Gathering of Eagles. We used open-ended questions to ask participants to describe key characteristics of successful disaster/mass casualty first responders and leaders.

Results

Of the 140 session attendees, 132 (94%) participated in the survey. All responses were categorized by using a previously developed framework. The most frequently mentioned characteristics were related to incident command/disaster knowledge, teamwork/interpersonal skills, performing one’s role, and cognitive abilities. Other identified characteristics were related to communication skills, adaptability/flexibility, problem solving/decision-making, staying calm and cool under stress, personal character, and overall knowledge.

Conclusions

The survey findings support our prior focus group conclusion that important characteristics of disaster responders and leaders are not limited to the knowledge and skills typically included in disaster training. Further research should examine the extent to which these characteristics are consistently associated with actual effective performance of disaster response personnel and determine how best to incorporate these attributes into competency models, processes, and tools for the development of an effective disaster response workforce. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2016;page 1 of 4)

Type
Brief Reports
Copyright
Copyright © Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc. 2016 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1. Public Law 109-417, Pandemic All-Hazards Preparedness Act (PAHPA). December 19, 2006.Google Scholar
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Office of Public Health Preparedness. Public Health Preparedness Capabilities: National Standards for State and Local Planning. March 2011.Google Scholar
3. Association of Schools of Public Health. Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competency Model. 2010, December 17; Final Model version 1.0: http://www.cdc.gov/phpr/documents/perlcPDFS/PreparednessCompetencyModelWorkforce-Version1_0.pdf. Accessed February 7, 2016.Google Scholar
4. Gebbie, KM, Weist, EM, McElligott, JE, et al. Implications of preparedness and response core competencies for public health. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2013;19(3):224-230.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
5. Subbarao, I, Lyznicki, JM, Hsu, EB, et al. A consensus-based educational framework and competency set for the discipline of disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2008;2(1):57-68.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
6. Walsh, L, Altman, B, Strauss-Riggs, K, et al. Enhancing the translation of disaster health competencies into practice. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2014;8(1):70-78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7. Walsh, L, Subbarao, I, Gebbie, K, et al. Core competencies for disaster medicine and public health. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012;6(1):44-52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
8. King, RV, North, CS, Larkin, GL, et al. Attributes of effective disaster responders: focus group discussions with key emergency response leaders. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2010;4(4):332-338.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
9. Flynn, BW. Psychological aspects of disasters. Ren Fail. 1997;19(5):611-620.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
10. Fleiss, J. Statistics for Rates of Proportions, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1981.Google Scholar
11. Wolfe, T. The Right Stuff. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux; 1979.Google Scholar
12. Larkin, GL, Arnold, J. Ethical considerations in emergency planning, preparedness, and response to acts of terrorism. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2003;18(3):170-178.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 44
Total number of PDF views: 264 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 15th April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Characteristics of Effective Disaster Responders and Leaders: A Survey of Disaster Medical Practitioners
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Characteristics of Effective Disaster Responders and Leaders: A Survey of Disaster Medical Practitioners
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Characteristics of Effective Disaster Responders and Leaders: A Survey of Disaster Medical Practitioners
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *