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Toward an integrated understanding of dyslexia: Genetic, neurological, and cognitive mechanisms

  • BRUCE F. PENNINGTON (a1)

Abstract

This paper reviews what is known about developmental dyslexia at three levels of analysis: cognitive, neurological, and genetic. It also considers the difficult problem of establishing causal links between these levels of analysis, and argues that solving the gene–behavior problem is paradoxically easier than solving the brain–behavior problem.

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Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Dr. Bruce F. Pennington, Department of Psychology, University of Denver, 2155 S. Race Street, Denver, CO 80210.

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Toward an integrated understanding of dyslexia: Genetic, neurological, and cognitive mechanisms

  • BRUCE F. PENNINGTON (a1)

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