1.Menninger, K, Mayman, M, Pruyser, P. The Vital Balance: The Life Process in Mental Health and Illness. New York, NY: Viking Press; 1963.
2.Kraepelin, E. Der Psychologische Versuch in der Psychiatrie Psychologische Arbeiten. 1896;1:1–91.
3.Meyer, A. Psychobiology: A Science of Man. Springfield, Ill: Charles A. Thomas; 1957.
4.Feighner, JP, Robins, E, Guze, SB, Woodruff, RA, Winokur, G, Munoz, R. Diagnostic criteria for use in psychiatric research. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1972;26:57–63.
5.Spitzer, R, Endicott, J, Robins, E. Research diagnostic criteria. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1978;35:773–782.
6.American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed (DSM-IV). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.
7.World Health Organization. The International Classification of Diseases: ICD-9-CM. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1978.
8.World Health Organization. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1992.
9.Kupfer, DJ, Foster, G. Interval between onset of sleep and rapid-eye-movement sleep as an indicator of depression. Lancet. 1972;2:684–686.
10.Benca, RM, Obermeyer, WH, Thisted, RA, Gillin, C. Sleep and psychiatric disorders: a meta-analysis. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1992;49:651–668.
11.McMahon, WM, van de Wetering, BJ, Filloux, F, Betit, K, Coon, H, Leppert, M. Bilineal transmission and phenotypic variation of Tourette's disorder in a large pedigree. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1996;35:672–680.
12.Kurlan, R, Behr, J, Medved, L, Shoulson, I, et al.Familial Tourette's syndrome: report of a large pedigree and potential for linkage analysis. Neurology. 1986;36:772–776.
13.Pauls, DL, Cohen, DJ, Heimbuch, R, Detlor, J, Kidd, KK. Familial pattern and transmission of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome and multiple tics. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1981;38:1091–1093.
14.Judd, LL. The clinical course of unipolar major depressive disorders (commentary). Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997;54:989–991.
15.Kendler, KS, Gardner, CO Jr. Boundaries of major depression: an evaluation of DSM-IV criteria. Am J Psychiatry. 1998;155:172–177.
16.Angst, J, Merikangas, KR, Preisig, M. Subthreshold syndromes of depression and anxiety in the community. J Clin Psychiatry. 1997;58(suppl 8):6–10.
17.Feske, U, Frank, E, Kupfer, DJ, Shear, MK, Weaver, E. Anxiety as a predictor of response to interpersonal psychotherapy for recurrent major depression: an exploratory investigation. Depression and Anxiety. In press.
18.Maser, JD, Weiss, R, Gwirtsman, H. Depression and its boundaries with selected Axis I disorders. In: Beckham, EE, Leber, WR, eds. Handbook of Depression. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Guilford Publications; 1995:86–106.
19.Sturm, R, Wells, KB. How can care for depression become more cost-effective? JAMA. 1995;273:51–58.
20.Judd, LL, Akiskal, HS, Maser, JD, et al.A prospective 12 year study of sub-syndromal and syndromal depressive symptomatology in 431 patients with unipolar major depressive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. In press.
21.Cassano, GB, Michelini, S, Shear, MK, Coli, E, Maser, JD, Frank, E. The panic-agoraphobic spectrum: a descriptive approach to the assessment and treatment of subtle symptoms. Am J Psychiatry. 1997;154(suppl 6):27–38.