1.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed, text rev. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2000.
2.Serpell, L, Livingstone, A, Neiderman, M, Lask, B. Anorexia nervosa: obsessivecompul sive disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, or neither? Clin Psychol Rev. 2002;22:647–669.
3.Wu, KD, Clark, LA, Watson, D. Relations between Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and personality: beyond Axis I-Axis II comorbidity. J Anxiety Disord. 2006;20:695–717.
4.Rasmussen, SA, Tsuang, MT. Clinical characteristics and family history in DSM-III obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1986;143:317–322.
5.Black, DW. Noyes, R Jr, Pfohl, B, Goldstein, RB, Blum, N. Personality disorder in obsessive-compulsive volunteers, well comparison subjects, and their first-degree relatives. Am J Psychiatry. 1993;150:1226–1232.
6.Hollander, E, Wong, CM. Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. J Clin Psychiatry. 1995;56(suppl 4):3–6; discussion 53–55.
7.Stein, DJ, Hollander, E. Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. J Clin Psychiatry. 1995;56:265–266.
8.Hollander, E, Rosen, J. Impulsivity. J Psychopharmacol. 2000;14(suppl 1):S39–44
9.Hollander, E, Allen, A. Is compulsive buying a real disorder, and is it really compulsive? Am J Psychiatry. 2006;163:1670–1672.
10.Richter, MA, Summerfeldt, LJ, Antony, MM, Swinson, RP. Obsessive-compulsive spectrum conditions in obsessive-compulsive disorder and other anxiety disorders. Depress Anxiety. 2003;18:118–127.
11.Chamberlain, SR, Blackwell, AD, Fineberg, N, Robbins, TW, Sahakian, BJ. The neuro-psychology of obsessive compulsive disorder: the importance of failures in cognitive and behavioural inhibition as candidate endophenotypic markers. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2005;29:399–419.
12.Janet, Pierre. Les Obsessions et la Psychasthenie. Paris, France: Alcan Press; 1903.
13.Pitman, RK. Janet's Obsessions and Psychaesthenia: a synopsis. Psychiatr Q. 1984;56:291–314.
14.Pitman, RK, Green, RC, Jenike, MA, Mesulam, MM. Clinical comparison of Tourette's disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry 1987;144:1166–1171.
15.Freud, S. Character and anal eroticism. In: Strachey, J, ed. The standard edition of complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, vol 9. London, England: Hogarth Press; 1908:169–175.
16.Jones, E. Anal-erotic character traits. In: Papers on psychoanalysis. 2nd ed. London, England: Bailliere Tindall; 1918:664–668.
17.Abraham, K. Contribution to the theory of anal character. In: Lewin, BD, ed. On character and libido development. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co., Inc.; 1966:165–187.
18.Kraepelin, E. Psychiatry. A Textbook for Students and Physicians, vol. 2. Canton, Mass: Science History Publications; 1990.
19.Lewis, A. Problems of obsessional illness. Proc Royal Soc Med. 1935;29:325–336
20.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1952.
21.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1968.
22.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 3rd ed. Washingtton, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1980.
23.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 3rd ed, rev. Washingtton, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1987.
24.Grilo, CM, McGlashan, TH, Morey, LC, et al.Internal consistency, intercriterion overlap and diagnostic efficiency of criteria sets for DSM-IV schizotypal, borderline, avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2001;104:264–272.
25.Shea, MT, Stout, R, Gunderson, J, et al.Short-term diagnostic stability of schizo-typal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders. Am J Psychiatry. 2002;159:2036–2041.
26.Grilo, CM, Skodol, AE, Gunderson, JG, et al.Longitudinal diagnostic efficiency of DSM-IV criteria for obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: a 2-year prospective study. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2004;110:64–68.
27.McGlashan, TH, Grilo, CM, Sanislow, CA, et al.Two-year prevalence and stability of individual DSM-IV criteria for schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders: toward a hybrid model of axis II disorders. Am J Psychiatry. 2005;162:883–889.
28.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Washingtton, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.
29.Zanarini, MC, Skodol, AE, Bender, D, et al.The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study: reliability of axis I and II diagnoses. J Personal Disord. 2000;14:291–299.
30.Costa, PT, McCrae, R. The five factor model of personality and its relevance to personality disorders: Reassessing personality disorder constructs. J Pers Disord. 1992;6:343–359.
31.Widiger, TA. A dimensional model of personality disorder. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2005;18:41–43.
32.Watson, D, Clark, LA, Harkness, AR. Structures of personality and their relevance to psychopathology. J Abnorm Psychol. 1994;103:18–31.
33.Reynolds, SK, Clark, LA. Predicting dimensions of personality disorder from domains and facets of the Five-Factor Model. J Pers. 2001;69:199–222.
34.Haigler, ED, Widiger, TA. Experimental manipulation of NEO-PI-R items. J Pers Assess. 2001;77:339–358.
35.De Fruyt, F, De Clercq, BJ, van de Wiele, L, Van Heeringen, K. The validity of Cloninger's psychobiological model versus the five-factor model to predict DSM-IV personality disorders in a heterogeneous psychiatric sample: domain facet and residualized facet descriptions. J Pers. 2006;74:473–510.
36.International Classification of Diseases. 10th ed. Geneva, Swtizerland: World Health Organization; 1992.
37.Denys, D. On Certainty - Studies in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Utrecht, The Netherlands: University Medical Centre; 2004.
38.Rheaume, J, Freeston, MH, Dugas, MJ, Letarte, H, Ladouceur, R: Perfectionism, responsibility and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Behav Res Ther. 1995;33:785–794.
39.Foa, EB, Kozak, MJ, Goodman, WK, Hollander, E, Jenike, MA, Rasmussen, SA. DSM-IV field trial: obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152:90–96.
40.Mataix-Cols, D, Wooderson, S, Lawrence, N, Brammer, MJ, Speckens, A, Phillips, ML. Distinct neural correlates of washing, checking, and hoarding symptom dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2004;61:564–576.
41.Devanand, DP, Turret, N, Moody, BJ, et al.Personality disorders in elderly patients with dysthymic disorder. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000;8:188–195.
42.Wittchen, HU, Jacobi, F. Size and burden of mental disorders in Europe—a critical review and appraisal of 27 studies. Eur Neumpsychopharmacol. 2005;15:357–376.
43.Goodman, WK, Price, LH, Rasmussen, SA, et al.The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. I. Development, use, and reliability. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989;46:1006–1011.
44.Frost, RO, Krause, MS, Steketee, G. Hoarding and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Behav Modif. 1996;20:116–132.
45.Frankenburg, FR. Hoarding in anorexia nervosa. Br J Med Psychol. 1984;57:57–60.
46.Greenberg, D, Witztum, E, Levy, A. Hoarding as a psychiatric symptom. J Clin Psychiatry. 1990;51:417–421.
47.Luchins, DJ, Goldman, MB, Lieb, M, Hanrahan, P. Repetitive behaviors in chronically institutionalized schizophrenic patients. Schizophr Res. 1992;8:119–123.
48.Frost, RO, Gross, RC. The hoarding of possessions. Behav Res Ther. 1993;31:367–381.
49.Baer, L. Factor analysis of symptom subtypes of obsessive compulsive disorder and their relation to personality and tic disorders. J Clin Psychiatry. 1994;55(suppl):18–23.
50.Seedat, S, Stein, DJ. Hoarding in obsessive-compulsive disorder and related disorders: a preliminary report of 15 cases. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2002;56:17–23.
51.Frost, RO, Steketee, G, Williams, LF, Warren, R. Mood, personality disorder symptoms and disability in obsessive compulsive hoarders: a comparison with clinical and nonclinical controls. Behav Res Ther. 2000;38:1071–1081.
52.Mataix-Cols, D, Rauch, SL, Manzo, PA, Jenike, MA, Baer, L. Use of factor-analyzed symptom dimensions to predict outcome with serotonin reuptake inhibitors and placebo in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1999;156:1409–1416.
53.Winsberg, ME, Cassic, KS, Koran, LM. Hoarding in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a report of 20 cases. J Clin Psychiatry. 1999;60:591–597.
54.Abramowitz, JS, Franklin, ME, Schwartz, SA, Furr, JM. Symptom presentation and outcome of cognitive-behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2003;71:1049–1057.
55.Lochner, C, Seedat, S, Niehaus, DJ, Stein, DJ. Topiramate in the treatment of trichotillomania: an open-label pilot study. Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 2006;21:255–259.
56.Saxena, S, Brody, AL, Maidment, KM, et al.Cerebral glucose metabolism in obsessive-compulsive hoarding. Am J Psychiatry. 2004;161:1038–1048.
57.Steketee, G, Frost, R. Compulsive hoarding: current status of the research. Clin Psychol Rev. 2003;23:905–927.
58.Wu, KD, Watson, D. Hoarding and its relation to obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behav Res Ther. 2005;43:897–921.
59.Coles, ME, Frost, RO, Heimberg, RG, Steketee, G. Hoarding behaviors in a large college sample. Behav Res Ther. 2003;41:179–194.
60.Spitzer, RL, Williams, JB, Gibbon, M. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders (SCID-II). New York, NY: New York State Psychiatric Institutel 1987.
61.Zanarini, MC, Frankenburg, FR, Chauncey, DL, Gunderson, JG. The diagnostic Interview for Personality Disorders: interrater and test-retest reliability. Compr Psychiatry. 1987;28:467–480.
62.Pfohl, B, Stangl, DA, Zimmerman, M, Bowers, W, Corenthal, C. Structured interview for DSM-II Personality Disorders (SIDP). Iowa City, Iowa: University of Iowa; 1982.
63.Clark, LA, Harrison, JA. Assessment instruments. In: Livesley, WJ, ed. Handbook of Personality Disorders: Theory, Research and Treatment. New York, NY: Guidford Press; 2001:277–306.
64.Ansseau, M. Serotonergic antidepressants in obsessive personality (NR198). In: 149th Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association. New York, NY: American Psychiatric Association; 1996:121–122.
65.Samuels, J, Nestadt, G, Bienvenu, OJ, et al.Personality disorders and normal personality dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Br J Psychiatry. 2000;177:457–462.
66.Stein, DJ, Hollander, E, Mullen, LS. Comparison of clomipramine, alprazolam and placebo in the treatment of obnsessive compulsive disorder. Hum Psychopharmacol. 1992;7:389–395.
67.Hewitt, PL, Flett, GL. Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: conceptualization, assessment, and association with psycfiopathology. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1991;60:456–470.
68.Frost, RO, Martin, P, Lahart, C, Rosenblate, R, Fischer, J, Corcoran, J. Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS). In: Measures for Clinical Practice: A Souwebook. New York, NY: Free Press; 1994:232–235.
69.Nestadt, G, Romanoski, AJ, Brown, CH, et al.DSM-III compulsive personality disorder: an epidemiological survey. Psychol Med. 1991;21:461–471.
70.Robins, LN, Helzer, JE, Weissman, MM, et al.Lifetime prevalence of specific psychiatric disorders in three sites. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1984;41:949–958.
71.Kessler, RC, Berglund, P, Dernier, O, Jin, R, Merikangas, KR, Walters, EE. Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62:593–602.
72.Heyman, I, Fombonne, E, Simmons, H, Ford, T, Meltzer, H, Goodman, R. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the British nationwide survey of child mental health. Br J Psychiatry. 2001;179:324–329.
73.Carter, JD, Joyce, PR, Mulder, RT, Sullivan, PF, Luty, SE. Gender differences in the frequency of personality disorders in depressed outpatients. J Personal Disord. 1999;13:67–74.
74.Lochner, C, Hemmings, SM, Kinnear, CJ, et al.Gender in obsessive-compulsive disorder: clinical and genetic findings. Eur Neumpsychopharmacol. 2004;14:105–113.
75.Eisen, JL. Obsessive compulsive personality disorder: its treatment and relationship to OCD. In: Syllabus and Proceedings Summary. American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting. New York, NY: American Psychiatric Association; 2004:176.
76.Nestadt, G, Samuels, J, Riddle, M, et al.A family study of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2000;57:358–363.
77.Nestadt, G, Lan, T, Samuels, J, et al.Complex segregation analysis provides compelling evidence for a major gene underlying obsessive-compulsive disorder and for heterogeneity by sex. Am J Hum Genet. 2000;67:1611–1616.
78.Thomsen, PH, Jensen, J. Obsessive-compulsive disorder: admission patterns and diagnostic stability. A case-register study. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1994;90:19–24.
79.Pollitt, J, Tyrer, P. Compulsive personality as predictor of response to serotonergic antidepressants. Br J Psychiatry. 1992;161:836–838.
80.McGlashan, TH, Grilo, CM, Skodol, AE, et al.The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study: baseline Axis I/II and II/II diagnostic co-occurrence. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2000;102:256–264.
81.Pigott, TA, L'Heureux, F, Dubbert, B, Bernstein, S, Murphy, DL. Obsessive compulsive disorder: comorbid conditions. J Clin Psychiatry. 1994;55(suppl):15–27; discussion 28-32.
82.Eisen, JL, Coles, ME, Shea, MT, et al.Clarifying the convergence between obsessive compulsive personality disorder criteria and obsessive compulsive disorder. J Personal Disord. 2006;20:294–305.
83.Rossi, A, Marinangeli, MG, Butti, G, et al.Personality disorders in bipolar and depressive disorders. J Affect Disord. 2001;65:3–8.
84.Angst, J, Gamma, A, Endrass, J, et al.Obsessive-compulsive syndromes and disorders: significance of comorbidity with bipolar and anxiety syndromes. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2005;255:65–71.
85.Brooks, R, Balthazar, P, McDowell, D, Munjack, D, Bruns, J. Personality disorders co-occuring with panic disorder with agoraphobia. J Pers Disorders. 1991;5:328–336.
86.Albert, U, Maina, G, Forner, F, Bogetto, F. DSM-IV obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: prevalence in patients with anxiety disorders and in healthy comparison subjects. Compr Psychiatry. 2004;45:325–332.
87.Black, A. The natural history of obsessional neurosis. In: Beech, HR, ed. Obsessional States. London, England: Methuen Press; 1974:19–54.
88.Black, DW, Noyes, R. Obsessive compulsive disorder and Axis II. Int Rev Psychiatry. 1997;9:111–118.
89.Pfohl, B, Black, DW, Noyes, R, Coryell, WH, Barrash, J. Axis I and axis II comorbidity findings: implications for validity. In: Oldham, JM, ed. Personality Disorders: New Perspectives of Diagnostic Validity. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press; 1990:147–161.
90.Stanley, MA, Turner, SM, Borden, JW. Schizotypal features in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Compr Psychiatry. 1990;31:511–518.
91.Baer, L, Jenike, MA. Personality disorders in obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1992;15:803–812.
92.Diaferia, G, Bianchi, I, Bianchi, ML, Cavedini, P, Erzegovesi, S, Bellodi, L. Relationship between obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Compr Psychiatry. 1997;38:38–42.
93.Joffe, RT, Swinson, RP, Regan, JJ. Personality features of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1988;145:1127–1129.
94.Baer, L, Jenike, MA, Ricciardi, JN 2nd, et al.Standardized assessment of personality disorders in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1990;47:826–830.
95.Mavissakalian, M, Hamann, MS, Jones, B. A comparison of DSM-III personality disorders in panic/agoraphobia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Compr Psychiatry. 1990;31:238–244.
96.Rodrigues Torres, A, Del Porto, JA. Comorbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder and personality disorders. A Brazilian controlled study. Psychopathology. 1995;28:322–329.
97.Pinto, A, Mancebo, MC, Eisen, JL, Pagano, ME, Rasmussen, SA. The Brown Longitudinal Obsessive Compulsive Study: clinical features and symptoms of the sample at intake. J Clin Psychiatry. 2006;67:703–711.
98.Nilsson, EW, Gillberg, C, Gillberg, IC, Rastam, M. Ten-year follow-up of adolescent-onset anorexia nervosa: personality disorders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1999;38:1389–1395.
99.Anderluh, MB, Tchanturia, K, Rabe-Hesketh, S, Treasure, J. Childhood obsessive-compulsive personality traits in adult women with eating disorders: defining a broader eating disorder phenotype. Am J Psychiatry. 2003;160:242–247.
100.Grilo, CM, McGlashan, TH. Convergent and discriminant validity of DSM-IV axis II personality disorder criteria in adult outpatients with binge eating disorder. Compr Psychiatry. 2000;41:163–166.
101.Karwautz, A, Troop, NA, Rabe-Hesketh, S, Collier, DA, Treasure JL Personality disorders and personality dimensions in anorexia nervosa. J Personal Disord. 2003;17:73–85.
102.Nestadt, G, Samuels, J, Riddle, MA, et al.The relationship between obsessive-compulsive disorder and anxiety and affective disorders: results from the Johns Hopkins OCD Family Study. Psychol Med 2001;31:481–487.
103.Wellen, D, Samuels, J, Bienvenu, OJ, et al.Utility of the Leyton Obsessional Inventory to distinguish OCD and OCPD. Depress Anxiety. In press.
104.Mataix-Cols, D, Baer, L, Rauch, SL, Jenike, MA. Relation of factor-analyzed symptom dimensions of obsessive-compulsive disorder to personality disorders. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2000;102:199–202.
105.Hasler, G, LaSalle-Ricci, VH, Ronquillo, JG, et al.Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptom dimensions show specific relationships to psychiatric comorbidity. Psychiatry Res. 2005;135:121–132.
106.Ecker, W, Gonner, S. The feeling of incompleteness. Rediscovery of an old psychopathological symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Nervenarzt. 2006;77:1115–1120, 1122.
107.Halmi, KA, Tozzi, F, Thornton, LM, et al.The relation among perfectionism, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder in individuals with eating disorders. Int J Eat Disord. 2005;38:371–374.
108.Grilo, CM. Factor structure of DSM-IV criteria for obsessive compulsive personality disorder in patients with binge eating disorder. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2004;109:64–69.
109.Lochner, C, Kinnear, CJ, Hemmings, SM, et al.Hoarding in obsessive-compulsive disorder: clinical and genetic correlates. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005;66:1155–1160.
110.Light, KJ, Joyce, PR, Luty, SE, et al.Preliminary evidence for an association between a dopamine D3 receptor gene variant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder in patients with major depression. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2006;141:409–413.
111.Perez, M, Brown, JS, Vrshek-Schallhorn, S, Johnson, F, Joiner, TE Jr.Differentiation of obsessive-compulsive-, panic-, obsessive-compulsive personality-, and non-disordered individuals by variation in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene. J Anxiety Disord. 2006;20:794–806.
112.Torgersen, S, Lygren, S, Oien, PA, et al.A twin study of personality disorders. Compr Psychiatry. 2000;41:416–425.
113.Lilenfeld, LR, Kaye, WH, Greeno, CG, et al.A controlled family study of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: psychiatric disorders in first-degree relatives and effects of proband comorbidity. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1998;55:603–610.
114.Irle, E, Exner, C, Thielen, K, Weniger, G, Ruther, E. Obsessive-compulsive disorder and ventromedial frontal lesions: clinical and neuropsychological findings. Am J Psychiatry. 1998;155:255–263.
115.Newman, ME, Shapira, B, Lerer, B. Evaluation of central serotonergic function in affective and related disorders by the fenfluramine challenge test: a critical review. Int J Neuropsychopharmcol. 1998;1:49–69.
116.Monteleone, P, Brambilla, F, Bortolotti, F, La Rocca, A, Maj, M. Prolactin response to d-fenfluramine is blunted in people with anorexia nervosa. Br J Psychiatry. 1998;172:439–442.
117.Monteleone, P, Brambilla, F, Bortolotti, F, Ferraro, C, Maj, M. Plasma prolactin response to D-fenfluramine is blunted in bulimic patients with frequent binge episodes. Psychol Med. 1998;28:975–983.
118.Stein, DJ, Trestman, RL, Mitropoulou, V, Coccaro, EF, Hollander, E, Siever, LJ. Impulsivity and serotonergic function in compulsive personality disorder. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1996;8:393–398.
119.Fineberg, NA, Roberts, A, Montgomery, SA, Cowen, PJ. Brain 5-HT function in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Prolactin responses to d-fenfluramine. Br J Psychiatry. 1997;171:280–282.
120.Dinn, WM, Harris, CL, Aycicegi, A, Greene, P, Andover, MS. Positive and negative schizotypy in a student sample: neurocognitive and clinical correlates. Schizophr Res. 2002;56:171–185.
121.Kuelz, AK, Hohagen, F, Voderholzer, U. Neuropsychological performance in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a critical review. Biol Psychol. 2004;65:185–236.
122.Chamberlain, SR, Blackwell, AD, Fineberg, NA, Robbins, TW, Sahakian, BJ. Strategy implementation in obsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania. Psychol Med. 2006;36:91–97.
123.Chamberlain, SR, Blackwell, AD, Fineberg, NA, Robbins, TW, Sahakian, BJ. Impaired cognitive flexibility and motor inhibition in unaffected first-degree relatives of OCD patients: on the trail of endophenotypes. Am J Psychiatry. 2006;164:335–338.
124.Chamberlain, SR, Fineberg, NA, Blackwell, AD, Robbins, TW, Sahakian, BJ. Motor inhibition and cognitive flexibility in obsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania. Am J Psychiatry. 2006;163:1282–1284.
125.Fontenelle, LF, Mendlowicz, MV, Paulo, M, Marcio, V. Neuropsychological findings in obsessive-compulsive disorder and its potential implications for treatment. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2006;2:11–26.
126.Chamberlain, SR, Fineberg, NA, Blackwell, AD, Clark, L, Robbins, TW, Sahakian, BJ. A neuropsychological comparison of obsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania. Neuropsychologia. 2007;45:654–662.
127.Montgomery, SA, Asberg, M. A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. Br J Psychiatry. 1979;134:382–389.
128.Tchanturia, K, Morris, RG, Anderluh, MB, Collier, DA, Nikolaou, V, Treasure, J. Set shifting in anorexia nervosa: an examination before and after weight gain, in full recovery and relationship to childhood and adult OCPD traits. J Psychiatr Res. 2004;38:545–552.
129.Hamilton, M. A rating scale for depression. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1960;23:56–62.
130.Volavka, J, Neziroglu, F, Yaryura-Tobias, JA. Clomipramine and imipramine in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Res. 1985;14:85–93.
131.Ekselius, L, Von Knorring, L. Changes in personality traits during treatment with sertraline orcitalopram. Br J Psychiatry. 1999;174:444–448.
132.Ricciardi, JN, Baer, L, Jenike, MA, Fischer, SC, Sholtz, D, Buttolph, ML. Changes in DSM-III-R axis II diagnoses following treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1992;149:829–831.
133.Cavedini, P, Erzegovesi, S, Ronchi, P, Bellodi, L. Predictive value of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder in antiobsessional pharmacological treatment. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 1997;7:45–49.
134.Ansseau, M, Troisfontaines, B, Papart, P, von Frenckell, R. Compulsive personality as predictor of response to serotoninergic antidepressants. BMJ. 1991;303:760–761.
135.Zimmerman, M, Coryell, WH. DSM-III personality disorder dimensions. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1990;178:686–692.
136.Lawrence, NS, Wooderson, S, Mataix-Cols, D, David, R, Speckens, A, Phillips, ML. Decision making and set shifting impairments are associated withdistinct symptom dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Neuropsychology 2006;20:409–419.