Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-x24gv Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-28T14:06:47.768Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Quality of Life in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 November 2014

Abstract

The construct of quality of life (QOL), which has both subjective and objective components, has gained increasing importance in psychiatric research for several important reasons, not the least being the current importance of pharmacoeconomic issues. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been suggested to be the worlds 10th most disabling disorder, and pharmacoeconomic studies have indicated that its cost to the world economy runs into the billions of dollars. The use of QOL scales derived from general medicine and other areas of psychiatry has demonstrated the enormous negative impact of OCD on several domains, including occupational function, social function, and family function. Further work to ascertain the extent of changes in QOL during treatment of OCD is necessary.

Type
Academic Supplement
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2000

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

1.Katschnig, H, Freeman, H, Sartorius, N. Quality of Life in Mental Disorders. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons; 1997.Google Scholar
2.Elkinton, J. Medicine and the quality of life. Ann Intern Med. 1966;64:711714.Google ScholarPubMed
3.Koran, LM, Thienemann, ML, Davenport, R. Quality of life for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1996;153:783788.Google ScholarPubMed
4.Hollander, E, Allen, A, Kwon, J, et al.Clomipramine vs desipramine crossover trial in body dysmorphic disorder: selective efficacy of a serotonin reuptake inhibitor in imagined ugliness. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999;56:10331039.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
5.Barge-Schaapveld, DQCM, Nicolson, NA, Delespaul, PAEG, de Vries, MW. Assessing daily quality of life with the experience sampling method. In: Katschnig, H, Freeman, H, Sartorius, N, eds. Quality of Life in Mental Disorders. Chichester: Wiley; 1997;95108.Google Scholar
6.Skevington, SM, Bradshaw, J, Saxena, S. Selecting national items for the WHOQOL: conceptual and psychometric considerations. Soc Sci Med. 1999;48:473487.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
7.Bobes, J, Bascaran, MT, Gonzalez, MP, et al.Comparative quality of life levels in OCD patients. Paper presented at: The Fourth International Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Conference; February 11, 2000; St. Thomas, US.Google Scholar
8.Figueira, ML, Paes de Sousa, M. Concomitant depression and quality of life in OCD. Paper presented at: The Fourth International Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Conference; February 11, 2000.Google Scholar
9.Koran, LM. Obsessive-compulsive disorder and quality of life. In: Fineman, D, Marazziti, D, DJ, Stein, eds. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Dunitz. In press.Google Scholar
10.CJL, Murray, AD, Lopez, eds. Global Burden of Disease: A Comprehensive Assessment of Mortality and Disability from Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors in 1990 and Projected to 2020. Vol. 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: World Health Organization; 1996.Google Scholar
11.Dupont, RL, Rice, DP, Shiraki, S, et al.Economic costs of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Med Interface. 1995;8:102109.Google ScholarPubMed
12.Leon, AC, Portera, L, Weissman, MM. The social costs of anxiety disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 1995;166(suppl 27):1922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13.Stein, DJ, Roberts, M, Hollander, E, et al.Quality of life and pharmaco-economic aspects of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a South African survey. S Afr Med J. 1996;8:15791585.Google Scholar
14.Hollander, E, Stein, DJ, Broatch, J, et al.A pharmacoeconomic and quality of life study of obsessive-compulsive disorder. CNS Spectrums. 1997;2:1625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
15.Eisen, JL, Rasmussen, SA, Stout, R, Goodman, W. A prospective study of psychosocial functioning and quality of life in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Paper presented at: The Fourth International Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Conference; February 11 2000; St. Thomas, US.Google Scholar
16.Emmelkamp, PMG, de Haan, E, Hoogduin, CAL. Marital adjustment and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Br J Psychiatry. 1990;156:5560.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
17.Calvocoressi, L, Lewis, B, Harris, M, et al.Family accommodation in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152:441443.Google ScholarPubMed
18.Shafran, R, Ralph, J, Tallis, F. Obsessive-compulsive symptoms and the family. Bull Menninger Clin. 1995;59:472479.Google ScholarPubMed
19.Black, DW, Gaffney, Schlosser S, et al.The impact of obsessive- compulsive disorder on the family: preliminary findings. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1998; 186:440442.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
20.Iikura, Y. “Treatment Guide for OCD”: educational material for OCD sufferers to enhance their adherence to therapy. Paper presented at: The Fourth International Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Conference; February 11, 2000; St. Thomas, US.Google Scholar
21.Stein, DJ. Psychiatry on the internet: survey of an OCD mailing list. Psychiatr Bull. 1997;21:9598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
22.Stein, DJ, Emsley, RA, Boshoff, DL. A mental health information centre-- integrating technology and community. S Afr J Psychiatry. 1996;86:723724.Google ScholarPubMed
23.Bystritsky, A, Saxena, S, Maidment, K, et al.Quality-of-life changes among patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder in a partial hospitalization program. Psychiatr Serv. 1999;50:412444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar