1.Pastorek, JS, Allen, HD, Davis, JT. Current outcomes of surgical closure of secundum atrial septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 1994, 74: 75–77.
2.Galal, MO, Wobst, A, Halees, Z, Hatle, L, Schmaltz, AA, Khougeer, F, De Vol, E, Fawzy, ME, Abbag, F, Fadley, F, Duran, CMG. Peri operative complications following surgical closure of atrial septal defect type II in 232 patients-a baseline study. Eur Heart J. 1994, 15: 1381–1384.
3.Massetti, M, Babatasi, G, Rossi, A, Neri, E, Bhoyroo, S, Zitouni, S, Maragnes, P, Khayat, AOperation for atrial septal defect through a right anterolateral thoracotomy: current outcome. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996,62: 1100–1103.
4.Chang, CH, Lin, PJ, Chu, JJ, Liu, HP, Tsai, FC, Lin, FC, Chiang, CW, Su, WJ, Yang, MW, Tan, PPVideo assisted cardiac surgery in closure of atrial septal defect. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996, 62: 697–701.
5.King, TD, Thompson, SL, Steiner, C, Mills, NL. Secundum atrial septal defect: nonoperative closure during cardiac catheteriza-tion. JAMA 1976, 235: 2506–2509.
6.Rashkind, WJ. Transcatheter treatment of congenital heart dis ease. Circulation 1983, 67: 711–717.
7.Rao, PS, Sideris, EB, Hausdorf, G, Rey, Ch, Lloyd, TR, Beekman, RH, Worms, AM, Bourlon, F, Onorato, E, Khalilullah, M, Haddad, J. International experience with secundum atrial sep tal defect occlusion by the buttoned device. Am Heart J 1994, 128: 1022–1035.
8.Sideris, EB, Sideris, SE, Fowlkes, JP, Ehly, RL, Smith, JE, Guide, RE. Transvenous atrial septal defect occlusion in piglets with a ‘buttoned’ double-disk device. Circulation 1990, 81: 312–318.
9.Rome, JJ, Keane, JF, Perry, SB, Spevak, PJ, Lock, JE. Double-umbrella closure of atrial defects. Initial clinical applications. Circulation 1990, 82: 751–758.
10.Lock, JE, Rome, JJ, Davis, R, Van Praagh, S, Perry, SB, Van Praagh, R, Keane, JF. Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects, Experimental studies. Circulation 1989, 79: 1091–1099.
11.Das, GS, Voss, G, Jarvis, G, Wyche, K, Gunther, R, Wilson, RF. Experimental atrial septal defect closure with a new, tran-scacheter, self-centering device. Circulation 1993, 88: 1754–1764.
12.Babic, UU, Grujicic, S, Popovic, Z, Djurisic, Z, Vacinic, M, Pejcic, PDouble-umbrella device for transvenous closure of patent ductus arteriosus and atrial septal defect. First experience. J Interven Cardiol 1991, 4: 283–294.
13.Sharafuddin, MJA, Gu, X, Titus, JL, Urness, M, Cervera-Ceballos, JJ, Amplatz, K. Transvenous closure of secundum atrial septal defects. Preliminary results with a new self-expanding nitinol prothesis in a swine model. Circulation 1997, 95: 2172–2178.
14.Hausdorf, G, Schneider, M, Franzbach, B, Kampmann, C, Kargus, K, Goeldner, B. Transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects with the atrial septal defect occlusion sys tem (ASDOS): initial experience in children. Heart 1996, 75: 83–88.
15.Masura, J, Gavora, PFormanek, A, Hijazi, ZMTranscatheter clo sure of secundum atrial septal defects using the new self-cen tering amplatzer septal occluder: initial human experience. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1997, 42: 388–393.
16.King, TD, Thompson, SL, Mills, NL. Measurement of atrial sep tal defect during cardiac catheterization: experimental and clinical trials. Am J Cardiol 1978, 41: 537–542.
17.Hellenbrand, WE, Fahey, JT, McGowan, FX, Weltin, GG, Kleinman, CS. Transesophageal echocardiographic guidance of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 1990,66: 207–213.
18.Rao, PS, Langhough, R, Beekman, RH, Lloyd, TR, Sideris, EB. Echocardiographic estimation of balloon-stretched diameter of secundum atrial septal defect for transcatheter occlusion. Am Heart J. 1992, 124: 172–175.
19.Worms, AM, Rey, C, Bourlon, F, Losay, J, Marcon, F, Godart, F, Coullet, JM. French experience in the closure of atrial septal defects of the ostium secundum type with the Sideris button occluder. Arch Mai Coeur Vaiss. 1996, 89: 509–515.
20.Agarwal, SK, Ghosh, PK, Mitral, PK. Failure of devices used for closure of atrial septal defects: mechanisms and management. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1996, 112: 21–26.
21.Bohm, J, Bittigau, K, Kohler, F, Baumann, G, Konertz, WSurgical removal of atrial septal defect occlusion system-devices.Eur J CardiothoracSurg 1997, 12: 869–872.
22.Sievert, H, Babic, UU, Ensslen, R, Scherer, D, Spies, H, Wiederspahn, T, Zeplin, HE. Transcatheter closure of large atrial septal defects with the Babic system. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn 1995, 36: 232–240.
23.Rao, PS, Ende, DJ, Wilson, AD, Smith, PA, Chopra, PS. Follow-up results of transcatheter occlusion of atrial septal defects with buttoned device. Can J Cardiol. 1995, 11: 695–701.
24.Arora, R, Trehan, VK, Kalra, GS, Chawla, R, Jhamb, U, Nigam, M, Kenchaiah, KS, Bhardwaj, S, Khalilullah, M. Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect using buttoned device-Indian experience. Indian Heart J 1996, 48: 145–149.
25.Rosenfeld, HM, van der Velde, ME, Sanders, SPColan, SD, Parness, IA, Lock, JE, Spevak, PJ. Echocardiographic predictors of candidacy for successful transcatheter atrial septal defect clo sure. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn 1995, 34: 29–34.
26.Reddy, SC, Rao, PS, Ewenko, J, Koscik, R, Wilson, AD. Echocardiographic predictors of success of catheter closure of atrial septal defect with the buttoned device. Am Heart J 1995, 129: 76–82.
27.Koike, K, Echigo, S, Kumate, M, Kobayashi, T, Isoda, T, Ishii, M, Ishizawa, A, Kamiya, T, Kato, H. Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect with a prototype clamshell septal umbrella: one year follow-up. J Cardiol 1994, 24: 53–60.
28.Justo, RN, Nykanen, DG, Boutin, C, McCrindle, BW, Freedom, RM, Benson, LN. Clinical impact of transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects with the double umbrella device. Am J Cardiol 1996, 77: 889–892.
29.Prieto, LR, Foreman, CK, Cheatham, JP, Latson, LA. Intermediate-term outcome of transcatheter secundum atrial septal defect closure using the Bard Clamshell Septal Umbrella. Am J Cardiol 1996, 78: 1310–1312.