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Overriding and biventricular connection of arterial valves

  • Carlos Alva (a1), Michael L. Rigby (a1), Siew Yen Ho (a1) and Robert H. Anderson (a1)

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Prof R H Anderson, Paediatrics, National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College School of Medicine, Dovehouse Street, London SW3 6LY, United Kingdom. Tel # 41-171-351-8750, Fax # 44-171-351-8230, e-mail r.anderson@ic.ac.uk

References

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3.Van Praagh, R. Etienne-Louis Arthur Fallot and his tetralogy: a new translation of Fallot's summary and a modern reassessment of this anomaly. Eur J Cardio-thorac Surg. 1989; 3: 381391.
4.Kleinert, SGeva, T. Echocardiographic morphometry and geometry of the left ventricular outflow tract in fixed subaortic stenosis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993; 22: 15011508.
5.Meyer, RA. Echocardiography. In: Moss, JA, Adams, FH, Emmanouilides, GC, eds. Heart Disease in Infants, Childrens and Adolescents. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1977: 8591.
6.Smallhorn, JF, Anderson, RH, Macartney, FJ. Morphological characterization of ventricular septal defects associated with coarctation of aorta by cross-sectional echocardiography. Br Heart J. 1983; 49: 485494.
7.Edwards, WD. Double-outlet right ventricle and tetralogy of Fallot. Two distinct but not mutually exclusive entities. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1981; 82: 418422.
8.Tajik, AJ, Seward, JB, Hagler, DJ, Mair, DD, Lie, JT. Two- dimensional real-time ultrasonic imaging of the heart and great vessels.Technique, image orientation, structure identification, and validation. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clin. 1978; 53: 271303.
9.Sutherland, GR, Godman, MJ, Smallhorn, JF, Guiterras, P, Anderson, RH, Hunter, S. Ventricular septal defect. Two dimensional echocard iograph ic and morphological correlations. Br Heart J. 1982; 47: 316328.
10.Canale, JM, Sahn, DJ, Allen, HD, Goldberg, SJ, Valdes-Cruz, LM, Ovitt, TW. Factors affecting real-time, cross-sectional echocardiographic imaging of perimembranous ventricular septal defects. Circulation 1981; 63: 689697.
11.Baker, E, Leung, MP, Anderson, RH, Fischer, DR, Zuberbuhler, JR. The cross-sectional anatomy of ventricular septal defects: a reappraisal. Br Heart J. 1988; 59: 339351.
12.Gatzoulis, MA, Li, J, Ho, SY. The echocardiographic anatomyof ventricular septal defects. Cardiol Young. 1997; 7: 471484.
13.Brandt, PWT, Calder, AL, Barratt-Boyes, BG, Neutze, JM. Double outlet left ventricle: morphology, cineangiographic diagnosis and surgical treatment. Am J Cardiol. 1976; 38: 897909.
14.Stellin, G, Zuberbuhler, JR, Anderson, RH, Siewers, RD. The surgical anatomy of the Taussig-Bing malformation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1987; 93: 560569.
15.Anderson, RH, Becker, AE, Freedom, RM, Macartney, FJ, Quero-Jimenez, M, Shinebourne, EA, Wilkinson, JL, Tynan, MJ. Sequential segmental analysis of congenital heart disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 1984; 5: 281288.
16.Anderson, RH, Becker, AE. Common arterial trunk and single outlet of the heart. In: Symmers, WSC, ed. Systemic Pathology. The Cardiovascular System, Part A: General Considerations and Congenital Malformations. Third Ed.London: Churchill Livingstone, 1993: 279286.
17.Houston, AB, Gregory, NL, Mutagh, E, Coleman, E. Two dimensional echocardiographic assessment of communications between ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk or individual pulmonary arteries. Br Heart J 1982; 47: 563572.
18.Smallhorn, JF, Anderson, RH, Macartney, FJ. Two dimensional echocardiographic assessment of communications between ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk or individual pulmonary arteries. Br Heart J 1982; 47: 563572.
19.Hagler, DJ, Tajik, AJ, Seward, JB, Mair, DD, Ritter, DG. Wide-angle two-dimensional echocardiographic profiles of conotruncal abnormalities. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clin. 1980; 55: 7382.

Overriding and biventricular connection of arterial valves

  • Carlos Alva (a1), Michael L. Rigby (a1), Siew Yen Ho (a1) and Robert H. Anderson (a1)

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