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Landmark lecture on cardiology: the quest for the ultimate team in health care – what we can learn from musicians about leadership, innovation, and teambuilding?*

  • Daniel J. Penny (a1)


The importance of teamwork is being increasingly recognised in healthcare. Nonetheless, it is equally recognised that teamwork is difficult. In this article, I explore whether we can learn lessons from musicians, orchestras, and conductors as we build our teams. The evolution of the role of the conductor provides useful lessons on leadership and the evolving role of the members of the orchestra on how team members can contribute to a shared outcome. The uncertainty of jazz provides useful lessons for innovation in an increasingly turbulent healthcare environment.


Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Dr D. J. Penny, Texas Children’s Hospital, WT 19th Floor, 6621 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77571, United States of America. Tel: +1 832 826 1997; E-mail:


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Presented at the 2017 Seventh World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery (WCPCCS 2017), Barcelona, Spain, July 16–21, 2017. Presented Friday, July 21, 2017.



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