1. Rychik, J, Donaghue, DD, Levy, S, et al. Maternal psychological stress after prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease. J Pediatr 2013; 162: 302–307. e301.
2. Dadlez, NM, Brubaker, SG, Simpson, LL, Yilmaz, B, Williams, IA. Impact of change in delivery practice on neonatal and maternal outcomes in cases of significant congenital heart disease. Congenit Heart Dis 2014; 9: 368–372.
3. Bonchek, LI, Starr, A, Sunderland, CO, Menashe, VD. Natural history of tetralogy of Fallot in infancy. Clinical classification and therapeutic implications. Circulation 1973; 48: 392–397.
4. Morris, CD, Outcalt, J, Menashe, VD. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: natural history in a geographically defined population. Pediatrics 1990; 85: 977–983.
5. Popat, H, Kluckow, M. Noninvasive assessment of the early transitional circulation in healthy term infants. Neonatology 2012; 101: 166–171.
6. Reller, MD, Ziegler, ML, Rice, MJ, Solin, RC, McDonald, RW. Duration of ductal shunting in healthy preterm infants: an echocardiographic color flow Doppler study. J Pediatr 1988; 112: 441–446.
7. Schultz, AH, Localio, AR, Clark, BJ, Ravishankar, C, Videon, N, Kimmel, SE. Epidemiologic features of the presentation of critical congenital heart disease: implications for screening. Pediatrics 2008; 121: 751–757.
8. de-Wahl Granelli, A, Wennergren, M, Sandberg, K, et al. Impact of pulse oximetry screening on the detection of duct dependent congenital heart disease: a Swedish prospective screening study in 39,821 newborns. BMJ 2009; 338: a3037.
9. Kemper, AR, Mahle, WT, Martin, GR, et al. Strategies for implementing screening for critical congenital heart disease. Pediatrics 2011; 128: e1259–e1267.
10. Thangaratinam, S, Brown, K, Zamora, J, Khan, KS, Ewer, AK. Pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defects in asymptomatic newborn babies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 2012; 379: 2459–2464.
11. Ewer, AK, Middleton, LJ, Furmston, AT, et al. Pulse oximetry screening for congenital heart defects in newborn infants (PulseOx): a test accuracy study. Lancet 2011; 378: 785–794.
12. Feldman, R, Rosenthal, Z, Eidelman, AI. Maternal-preterm skin-to-skin contact enhances child physiologic organization and cognitive control across the first 10 years of life. Biol Psychiatry 2014; 75: 56–64.
13. Moore, ER, Anderson, GC, Bergman, N, Dowswell, T. Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012: CD003519.
14. Jaafar, SH, Ho, JJ, Lee, KS. Rooming-in for new mother and infant versus separate care for increasing the duration of breastfeeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016: CD006641.
15. O’Higgins, M, Roberts, IS, Glover, V, Taylor, A. Mother-child bonding at 1 year; associations with symptoms of postnatal depression and bonding in the first few weeks. Arch Womens Ment Health 2013; 16: 381–389.
16. Bystrova, K, Ivanova, V, Edhborg, M, et al. Early contact versus separation: effects on mother-infant interaction one year later. Birth 2009; 36: 97–109.
17. Donofrio, MT, Levy, RJ, Schuette, JJ, et al. Specialized delivery room planning for fetuses with critical congenital heart disease. Am J Cardiol 2013; 111: 737–747.
18. Donofrio, MT, Skurow-Todd, K, Berger, JT, et al. Risk-stratified postnatal care of newborns with congenital heart disease determined by fetal echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2015; 28: 1339–1349.
19. Divanovic, A, Hor, K, Cnota, J, Hirsch, R, Kinsel-Ziter, M, Michelfelder, E. Prediction and perinatal management of severely restrictive atrial septum in fetuses with critical left heart obstruction: clinical experience using pulmonary venous Doppler analysis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 141: 988–994.
20. Michelfelder, E, Gomez, C, Border, W, Gottliebson, W, Franklin, C. Predictive value of fetal pulmonary venous flow patterns in identifying the need for atrial septoplasty in the newborn with hypoplastic left ventricle. Circulation 2005; 112: 2974–2979.
21. Punn, R, Silverman, NH. Fetal predictors of urgent balloon atrial septostomy in neonates with complete transposition. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2011; 24: 425–430.
22. Frank, LH, Bradshaw, E, Beekman, R, Mahle, WT, Martin, GR. Critical congenital heart disease screening using pulse oximetry. J Pediatr 2013; 162: 445–453.
23. Brosig, CL, Whitstone, BN, Frommelt, MA, Frisbee, SJ, Leuthner, SR. Psychological distress in parents of children with severe congenital heart disease: the impact of prenatal versus postnatal diagnosis. J Perinatol 2007; 27: 687–692.
24. Sklansky, M, Tang, A, Levy, D, et al. Maternal psychological impact of fetal echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2002; 15: 159–166.
25. Buitelaar, JK, Huizink, AC, Mulder, EJ, de Medina, PG, Visser, GH. Prenatal stress and cognitive development and temperament in infants. Neurobiol Aging 2003; 24 (Suppl 1): S53–S60; discussion S67–S58.
26. Sarkar, P, Bergman, K, Fisk, NM, O’Connor, TG, Glover, V. Ontogeny of foetal exposure to maternal cortisol using midtrimester amniotic fluid as a biomarker. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2007; 66: 636–640.
27. Chapillon, P, Patin, V, Roy, V, Vincent, A, Caston, J. Effects of pre- and postnatal stimulation on developmental, emotional, and cognitive aspects in rodents: a review. Dev Psychobiol 2002; 41: 373–387.
28. Coe, CL, Lulbach, GR, Schneider, ML. Prenatal disturbance alters the size of the corpus callosum in young monkeys. Dev Psychobiol 2002; 41: 178–185.
29. Limperopoulos, C, Tworetzky, W, McElhinney, DB, et al. Brain volume and metabolism in fetuses with congenital heart disease: evaluation with quantitative magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy. Circulation 2010; 121: 26–33.
30. McQuillen, PS, Miller, SP. Congenital heart disease and brain development. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2010; 1184: 68–86.
31. Miller, SP, McQuillen, PS, Hamrick, S, et al. Abnormal brain development in newborns with congenital heart disease. N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 1928–1938.
32. Solberg, O, Dale, MT, Holmstrom, H, Eskedal, LT, Landolt, MA, Vollrath, ME. Long-term symptoms of depression and anxiety in mothers of infants with congenital heart defects. J Pediatr Psychol 2011; 36: 179–187.
33. Solberg, O, Gronning Dale, MT, Holmstrom, H, Eskedal, LT, Landolt, MA, Vollrath, ME. Trajectories of maternal mental health: a prospective study of mothers of infants with congenital heart defects from pregnancy to 36 months postpartum. J Pediatr Psychol 2012; 37: 687–696.
34. Gronning Dale, MT, Solberg, O, Holmstrom, H, Landolt, MA, Eskedal, LT, Vollrath, ME. Well-being in mothers of children with congenital heart defects: a 3-year follow-up. Qual Life Res 2013; 22: 2063–2072.
35. Solberg, O, Dale, MT, Holmstrom, H, Eskedal, LT, Landolt, MA, Vollrath, ME. Emotional reactivity in infants with congenital heart defects and maternal symptoms of postnatal depression. Arch Womens Ment Health 2011; 14: 487–492.
36. Jaafar, SH, Lee, KS, Ho, JJ. Separate care for new mother and infant versus rooming-in for increasing the duration of breastfeeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012: CD006641.
37. Chu, PY, Li, JS, Kosinski, AS, Hornik, CP, Hill, KD. Congenital heart disease in premature infants 25–32 weeks’ gestational age. J Pediatr 2017; 181: 37–41, e31.
38. Anderson, AW, Smith, PB, Corey, KM, et al. Clinical outcomes in very low birth weight infants with major congenital heart defects. Early Hum Dev 2014; 90: 791–795.
39. Costello, JM, Polito, A, Brown, DW, et al. Birth before 39 weeks’ gestation is associated with worse outcomes in neonates with heart disease. Pediatrics 2010; 126: 277–284.
40. Costello, JM, Pasquali, SK, Jacobs, JP, et al. Gestational age at birth and outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery: an analysis of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database. Circulation 2014; 129: 2511–2517.
41. Taylor, A, Atkins, R, Kumar, R, Adams, D, Glover, V. A new Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale: links with early maternal mood. Arch Womens Ment Health 2005; 8: 45–51.