Optimal management strategy for native aortic coarctation in neonates and young infants is still a matter of debate. The surgical procedure, histopathologic research, and clinical outcome in 15 neonates who underwent surgery after successful balloon angioplasty is the basis of this study.
Between 01 October, 2014 and 01 August, 2017, we enrolled 15 patients with native aortic coarctation for this study. These patients had complications regarding recoarctation, following balloon angioplasty intervention at our institute and other centres. Surgically extracted parts were examined histopathologically and patient’s data were collected retrospectively.
The reasons for recurrence of recoarctation after balloon angioplasty are as follows: patients with higher preoperative echocardiographic gradients had recoarctation earlier, neointimal proliferation, aortic intimal fibrosis at the region of ductal insertion, and ductal residual tissue debris after balloon angioplasty. No repeat intervention was required in the 15 patients who underwent surgery followed by balloon angioplasty. Early mortality was seen in one patient after surgery. Postoperative complication in the surgical group occurred in the form of chylothorax in one patient.
In centres in which the neonatal ICU is inexperienced, balloon angioplasty is particularly recommended. In developing neonatal clinics, balloon angioplasty, when performed on patients at their earliest possible age, delays actual corrective operation to a later date, which in turn provides less risky surgical outcomes in infants who are gaining weight, growing, and do not have any haemodynamic complaints.
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