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LO23: Do point of care ultrasound findings of left ventricular dysfunction predict cardiogenic shock in undifferentiated hypotensive patients?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 May 2020

P. Atkinson
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB
J. Fraser
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB
D. Lewis
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB
C. Pham
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB
H. Lamprecht
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB
M. Stander
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB
J. French
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB
A. Sibley
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB
R. Henneberry
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB

Abstract

Introduction: Patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with hypotension have a high mortality rate and require careful yet rapid resuscitation. The use of cardiac point of care ultrasound (PoCUS) in the ED has progressed beyond the basic indications of detecting pericardial fluid and activity in cardiac arrest. We examine if finding left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) on emergency physician performed PoCUS reliably predicts the presence of cardiogenic shock in hypotensive ED patients. Methods: We prospectively collected PoCUS findings performed in 135 ED patients with undifferentiated hypotension as part of an international study. Patients with clearly identified etiologies for hypotension were excluded, along with other specific presumptive diagnoses. LVD was defined as identification of a generally hypodynamic LV in the setting of shock. PoCUS findings were collected using a standardized protocol and data collection form. All scans were performed by PoCUS-trained emergency physicians. Final shock type was defined as cardiogenic or non-cardiogenic by independent specialist blinded chart review. Results: All 135 patients had complete follow up. Median age was 56 years, 53% of patients were male. Disease prevalence for cardiogenic shock was 12% and the mortality rate was 24%. The presence of LVD on PoCUS had a sensitivity of 62.50% (95%CI 35.43% to 84.80%), specificity of 94.12% (88.26% to 97.60%), positive-LR 10.62 (4.71 to 23.95), negative-LR 0.40 (0.21 to 0.75) and accuracy of 90.37% (84.10% to 94.77%) for detecting cardiogenic shock. Conclusion: Detecting left ventricular dysfunction on PoCUS in the ED may be useful in confirming the underlying shock type as cardiogenic in otherwise undifferentiated hypotensive patients.

Type
Oral Presentations
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians 2020
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LO23: Do point of care ultrasound findings of left ventricular dysfunction predict cardiogenic shock in undifferentiated hypotensive patients?
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LO23: Do point of care ultrasound findings of left ventricular dysfunction predict cardiogenic shock in undifferentiated hypotensive patients?
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