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LO104: A collaborative approach to developing and delivering a multi-modal quality improvement and patient safety curriculum for emergency medicine residents

  • A.H. Cheng (a1), L.B. Chartier (a1), S. Hawes (a1), S. Vaillancourt (a1), M. McGowan (a1) and K. Dainty (a1)...

Abstract

Introduction / Innovation Concept: The 2015 CanMEDS framework requires all Canadian residency programs to increase their focus on Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QIPS). A survey of the FRCP Emergency Medicine Residency Program Directors in Canada (63% response rate, 8/13) found that 75% (6/8) of programs have QIPS curricula with 84% (5/6) in the form of didactic lectures and 67% (4/6) as resident participation in a local project. Lectures alone do not expose learners to the practicality of conducting a QIPS project, and local resident projects often do not expose learners to the complexities of organization-wide QI initiatives. Furthermore, QI initiatives require working in interdisciplinary teams. We therefore hypothesize that an effective QIPS curriculum will require multiple education methods delivered using a multi-disciplinary lens. Methods: A collaborative longitudinal QIPS curriculum for emergency medicine residents at the University of Toronto (UT) was developed using multiple educational methods by physicians and non-medical QI specialists. The curriculum addresses three levels of QIPS training: Knowledge (lectures in PGY1 and 2), practical skills at the local clinical microsystem level (QI project in PGY3), and practical skills at the organization level (problem solving using the case method in PGY5). Curriculum, Tool, or Material: The lectures are taught by physicians involved in local and organization-wide QI projects and by those in senior management. The PGY3 residents enrol in a co-learning curriculum developed by the Department of Medicine, where residents and faculty conduct a local QI project together. The PGY5 teaching cases were created with management consultants using material from a real hospital QIPS initiative. PGY5s are taught using the case method that places the learner in the role of the organization’s manager who discusses the issues in class and proposes actions. Residents learn about the practicality of their recommendations by discussion with the management consultants, who disclose the case outcomes and review the lessons learned. Conclusion: A longitudinal QIPS curriculum for emergency medicine residents at UT was developed collaboratively. Multiple teaching methods address all three levels of QIPS training. This curriculum represents a novel use of the case method to instruct QIPS project leadership and management outside of the business school setting. Discussions with management consultants provide a different perspective of the real-life challenges of conducting QIPS initiatives.

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