1.Varras, M, Tsikini, A, Polyzos, D, et al. Uterine adnexal torsion: pathologic and gray-scale ultrasonographic findings. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2004;31:34–38.
2.Houry, D, Abbott, JT. Ovarian torsion: a fifteen-year review. Ann Emerg Med 2001;38:156–159.
3.White, M, Stella, J. Ovarian torsion: 10-year perspective. Emerg Med Australas 2005;17:231–237.
4.Karaman, E, Beger, B, Çetin, O, Melek, M, Karaman, Y. Ovarian torsion in the normal ovary: a diagnostic challenge in postmenarchal adolescent girls in the emergency department. Med Sci Monit 2017;23:1312–1316.
5.Bouguizane, S, Bibi, H, Farhat, Y, et al. Adnexal torsion: a report of 135 cases. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod 2003;32:535–540.
6.Chiou, SY, Lev-Toaff, AS, Masuda, E, et al. Adnexal torsion: new clinical and imaging observations by sonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. J Ultrasound Med 2007;26:1289–1301.
7.Huchon, C, Panel, P, Kayem, G, et al. . Does this woman have adnexal torsion? Hum Reprod 2012;27:2359–2364.
8.Close, RJ, Sachs, CJ, Dyne, PL. Reliability of bimanual pelvic examinations performed in emergency departments. West J Emerg Med 2001;175:240–244.
9.Ueland, FR, DePriest, PD, DeSimone, CP, et al. . The accuracy of examination under anesthesia and transvaginal sonography in evaluating ovarian size. Gynecol Oncol 2005;99:400–403.
10.Swenson, DW, Lourenco, AP, Beaudoin, FL, et al. Ovarian torsion: case-control study comparing the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography and computed tomography for diagnosis in the emergency department. Eur J Radiol 2014;83:733–738.
11.Wilkinson, C, Sanderson, A. Adnexal torsion -- a multimodality imaging review. Clin Radiol 2012;67(5):476–483.
12.Nizar, K, Deutsch, M, Filmer, S, et al. . Doppler studies of the ovarian venous blood flow in the diagnosis of adnexal torsion. J Clin Ultrasound 2009;37:436–439.
13.Chiou, SY, Lev-Toaff, AS, Masuda, E, et al. Adnexal torsion: new clinical and imaging observations by sonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. J Ultrasound Med 2007;26:1289–1301.
14.Ghandehari, H, Kahn, D, Tomlinson, G, Glanc, P.Ovarian torsion: time limiting factors for ovarian salvage. Emerg Med (Los Angel) 2015;5:5.