Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

VARIATION AMONG INDIVIDUALS AND THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON FOOD CONSUMPTION AND REPRODUCTION IN THE COCKROACH, PERIPLANETA AMERICANA (ORTHOPTERA: BLATTIDAE)

  • C. David Rollo (a1) and Marvin W. Gunderman (a1)

Abstract

Long term daily feeding in individual adult males and females of Periplaneta americana (L.) was quantified using a standardized diet. There was considerable variation among days, probably related to digestive processes with a period greater than 1 day. Female feeding was correlated with the reproductive cycle, most feeding occurring during the first few days after depositing an oötheca. Females differed with respect to the length of their reproductive cycles, and the amount of food that was accumulated prior to producing an oötheca. Females with high feeding rates produced oöthecae at a faster rate, but they were less efficient at converting food into oöthecal biomass than females that ate more slowly. A decrease in temperature from 25 °C to 20 °C more than doubled the length of the reproductive cycle, but the amount of food accumulated during inter-ovipositional intervals and the size of the oöthecae were not affected.

L'activité alimentaire journalière à long terme d'individus mâles et femelles de Periplaneta americana (L.) a été quantifiée en utilisant un régime standard. Une grande variation entre jours a été observée, probablement en relation avec les processus digestifs ayant une périodicité plus grande qu'un jour. L'alimentation des femelles était corrélée au cycle reproducteur, la prise maximale étant enregistrée au cours des quelques jours suivant la déposition d'une ovothèque. Les femelles se sont montrées différentes quant à la longueur de leurs cycles reproducteurs et à la quantité de nourriture prise avant la production d'une ovothèque. Les femelles montrant une prise de nourriture élevée ont produit des ovothèques plus fréquemment, mais elles étaient moins efficaces à convertir leur nourriture en biomass d'ovothèque que les femelles consommant plus lentement. Une baisse de température de 25 °à 20 °C a plus que doublé la durée du cycle reproducteur, mais la quantité de nourriture accumulée au cours des intervalles inter-pontes et la taille des ovothèques n'ont pas été affectées.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Barton-Browne, L. 1975. Regulatory mechanisms in insect feeding. Adv. Insect Physiol. 11: 1116.
Bell, W. J. 1969. Continuous and rhythmic reproductive cycle observed in Periplaneta americana (L.). Biol. Bull. 137: 239249.
Bernays, E. A. and Simpson, S. J.. 1982. Control of food intake. Adv. Insect Physiol. 16: 59118.
Bignell, D. E. 1982. Nutrition and digestion. In Bell, W. J. and Adiyodi, K. G. (Eds.), The American Cockroach. Chapman and Hall: 5786.
Calow, P. 1977 a. Ecology, evolution and energetics: a study in metabolic adaptation. In Macfadyen, A. (Ed.), Advances in Ecological Research. Academic Press 10: 161.
Calow, P. 1977 b. Conversion efficiencies in heterotrophic organisms. Biol. Rev. 52: 385409.
Calow, P. and Townsend, C. R.. 1981. Resource utilization in growth. In Townsend, C. R. and Calow, P. (Eds), Physiological Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach to Resource Use. Sinauer Assoc.: 220244.
Downer, R. G. H. 1981. Physiological and environmental considerations in insect bioenergetics. In Downer, R. G. H. (Ed.), Energy Metabolism in Insects. Plenum Publ.: 117.
Gelperin, A. 1971. Regulation of feeding. A. Rev. Ent. 16: 365378.
Gier, H. T. 1947. Growth rate in the cockroach Periplaneta americana (Linn.). Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 40: 303317.
Gordon, H. T. 1959. Minimal nutritional requirements of the German roach Blattella germanica. Ann N.Y. Acad. Sci. 77: 290351.
Griffiths, J. T. Jr., and Tauber, O. E.. 1942. Fecundity, longevity and parthenogenesis of the American cockroach Periplaneta americana L. Physiol. Zool. 15: 196209.
Krebs, J. R., Houston, A. I., and Charnov, E. L.. 1981. Some recent developments in optimal foraging. In Kamil, A. C. and Sargent, T. D. (Eds.), Foraging Behavior: Ecological, Ethological and Psychological Approaches. Garland Publ.: 318.
Maa, W. C. J. and Bell, W. J.. 1977. An endogenous component of the mechanism controlling the vitellogenic cycle in the American cockroach. J. Insect Physiol. 23: 895897.
Maynard Smith, J. 1978 Optimization theory in evolution A. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 9: 3156.
Michael, P. 1971. Energy balance in Periplaneta americana L. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 38: 449455.
Mills, R. R., Greenslade, F. C., and Couch, E. F.. 1966. Studies on vitellogenesis in the American cockroach. J. Insect Physiol. 12: 767779.
Pratt, G. E. 1967. Association of folin-positive material with the blood proteins of the American cockroach and the oviposition cycle. Nature, Lond. 214: 10341035.
Rollo, C. D., Resource allocation and time budgeting in adults of the cockroach, Periplaneta americana: the interaction of behaviour and metabolic reserves. Researches Popul. Ecol. Kyoto Univ. (in press).
Sibly, R. M. 1981. Strategies of digestion and defecation. In Townsend, C. R. and Calow, P. (Eds.), Physiological Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach to Resource Use. Sinauer Assoc.: 109139.
Slansky, F. Jr., and Feeny, P.. 1977. Stabilization of the rate of nitrogen accumulation by larvae of the cabbage butterfly on wild and cultivated food plants. Ecol. Monogr. 47: 209228.
Slansky, F. Jr., and Scriber, J. M.. 1982. Selected bibliography and summary of quantitative food utilization by immature insects. Bull. ent. Soc. Am. 28: 4355.
Sutherland, D. J. 1982. Rhythms. In Bell, W. J. and Adiyodi, K. G. (Eds.), The American Cockroach. Chapman and Hall: 247273.
Verrett, J. M. and Mills, R. R.. 1973. Water balance during vitellogenesis by the American cockroach: translocation of water during the cycle. J. Insect Physiol. 19: 18891901.
Verrett, J. M. and Mills, R. R.. 1975. Water balance during vitellogenesis by the American cockroach: distribution of water during the six-day cycle. J. Insect Physiol. 21: 18411845.
Waldbauer, G. P. 1968. Consumption and utilization of food by insects. Adv. Insect Physiol. 5: 229288.
Weaver, R. J. and Pratt, G. E.. 1977. The effect of enforced virginity and subsequent mating on the activity of the corpus allatum of Periplaneta americana measured in vitro, as related to changes in the rate of ovarian maturation. Physiol. Ent. 2: 5976.
Weaver, R. J. and Pratt, G. E.. 1981. Effects of starvation and feeding upon corpus allatum activity and oocyte growth in adult female Periplaneta americana. J. Insect Physiol. 27: 7583.
Weaver, R. J., Pratt, G. E., and Finney, J. R.. 1975. Cyclic activity of the corpus allatum related to gonotrophic cycles in adult female Periplaneta americana. Experientia 31: 597598.
Wellington, W. G. 1977. Returning the insect to insect ecology: some consequences for pest management. Environ. Ent. 6: 18.
Wiegert, R. G. and Petersen, C. E.. 1983. Energy transfer in insects. A. Rev. Ent. 28: 455486.

VARIATION AMONG INDIVIDUALS AND THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON FOOD CONSUMPTION AND REPRODUCTION IN THE COCKROACH, PERIPLANETA AMERICANA (ORTHOPTERA: BLATTIDAE)

  • C. David Rollo (a1) and Marvin W. Gunderman (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.