Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Sampling Tribolium confusum and Tribolium castaneum in mill and laboratory settings: differences between strains and species

  • Karen J. Hawkin (a1), Dean M. Stanbridge (a2) and Paul G. Fields (a3)

Abstract

The efficacy of pitfall traps baited with pheromone and cereal oil in capturing Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val and T. castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) was low (trap catch) in mill and simulated warehouse settings. In a simulated warehouse experiment, strains of Tribolium Macleay recently taken from mills were caught 24% less often in traps than were laboratory strains, and T. confusum was caught 40% less often than T. castaneum. Both species were found together in all flour samples taken from a Canadian flour mill. A comparison of the species ratio in flour samples with that found in traps revealed that T. confusum was caught less often in traps than was T. castaneum. In flour, T. castaneum burrowed more than did T. confusum, and there were differences in burrowing behaviour between the four T. castaneum strains. Mills infested with T. confusum may have higher levels of infestation than was previously thought, indicating that further research into beetle behaviour in mills is needed.

Les pièges à fosse pour Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val et T. castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) appâtés avec de la phéromone et de l'huile de céréales étaient de faible efficacité (insectes capturés dans les pièges) dans un moulin à farine et un entrepôt expérimental. Dans un essai d'entrepôt expérimental, des souches de Tribolium Macleay prélevés pris récemment dans des moulins à farine ont été capturés dans les pièges 24% moins souvent que les souches de laboratoire, et le T. confusum a été capturé dans les pièges 40% moins souvent que le T. castaneum. Les deux espèces ont été trouvés ensemble dans tous les échantillons de farine prélevés dans un moulin à farine canadien. Le rapport entre les deux espèces dans les échantillons de farine a été comparé à celui dans les pièges, révélant que T. confusum a été pris moins souvent que T. castaneum dans les pièges. Dans la farine T. castaneum creusait plus que T. confusum, et il y avait des différences significatives dans le comportement de creusage dans la farine entre les quarte souches de T. castaneum. Le T. castaneum a creusé plus que T. confusum, et il y avait des différences entre les quatre souches de T. castaneum. Les moulins envahis par le T. confusum pourraient en avoir plus que l'on croyait auparavant, de sorte que des recherches supplémentaires sur le comportement de ces espèces s'avère nécessaire.

Copyright

Corresponding author

1Corresponding author (e-mail: paul.fields@agr.gc.ca).

References

Hide All
Abdelghany, A.Y. Awadalla, S.S. Abdel-Baky, N.F. El-Syrafi, H.A. Fields, P.G. 2010. Stored-product insects in botanical warehouses. Journal of Stored Products Research, 46: 9397.
Arbogast, R.T. Kendra, P.E. Chini, S.R. 2003. Lasioderma serricorne (Coleoptera: Anobiidae): spatial relationship between trap catch and distance from an infested product. Florida Entomologist, 86: 437444.
Arbogast, R.T. Chini, S.R. McGovern, J.E. 2005. Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): spatial relationship between trap catch and distance from a source of emerging adults. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98: 326333.
Athanassiou, C.G. Kavallieratos, N.G. Trematerra, P. 2006. Responses of Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to traps baited with pheromones and food volatiles. European Journal of Entomology, 103: 371378.
Boake, C.R.B. Wade, M.J. 1984. Populations of the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) differ in their sensitivity to aggregation pheromones. Environmental Entomology, 13: 11821185.
Burkholder, W.E. 1985. Pheromones for monitoring and control of stored-product insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 30: 257272.
Campbell, J.F. Hagstrum, D.W. 2002. Patch exploitation by Tribolium castaneum: movement patterns, distribution, and oviposition. Journal of Stored Products Research. 38: 5568.
Campbell, J.F. Mullen, M.A. Dowdy, A.K. 2002. Monitoring stored-product pests in food processing plants with pheromone trapping, contour mapping, and mark-recapture. Journal of Economic Entomology, 95: 10891101.
Campbell, J.F. Toews, M.D. Arthur, F.H. Arbogast, R.T. 2010a. Long-term monitoring of Tribolium castaneum in two flour mills: seasonal patterns and impact of fumigation. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103: 9911001.
Campbell, J.F. Toews, M.D. Arthur, F.H. Arbogast, R.T. 2010b. Long-term monitoring of Tribolium castaneum populations in two flour mills: rebound after fumigation. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103: 10021011.
Fedina, T.Y. Lewis, S.M. 2007. Effect of Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) nutritional environment, sex, and mating status on response to commercial pheromone traps. Journal of Economic Entomology, 100: 19241927.
Fields, P.G. White, N.D.G. 2002. Alternatives to methyl bromide treatments for stored-product and quarantine insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 47: 331359.
Ghent, A.W. 1966. Studies of behavior of the Tribolium flour beetles. II. Distributions in depth of T. castaneum and T. confusum in fractionable shell vials. Ecology, 47: 355367.
Harrison, G. 2007. Comparative evaluation of intensive pest management, heat treatments and fumigants as alternatives to methyl bromide for control of stored product pests in Canadian flour mills. Report to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.
Hawkin, K.J. 2008. Monitoring populations of the flour beetles Tribolium castaneum Jacquelin du Val and Tribolium confusum (Herbst) in flour mills and in laboratory settings. M.Sc. thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Hinton, H.E. 1942. Secondary sexual characters of Tribolium. Nature, (London), 49: 500.
Hussain, A. Phillips, T.W. Mayhew, T.J. AliNiazee, M.T. 1994. Responses of Tribolium castaneum to different pheromone lures and traps in the laboratory. In Proceedings of the 6th International Working Conference on Stored-Product Protection, 17–23 April 1994, Canberra, Australia. Edited by Highley, E., Wright, E.J., Banks, H.J., and Champ, B.R.. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom. 406409.
Leslie, P.H. Park, T. Mertz, D.B. 1968. The effect of varying the initial numbers on the outcome of competition between two Tribolium species. Journal of Animal Ecology, 37: 923.
Mullen, M. 2011. Mullen's musings [online]. Available from http://www.trece.com/mullen.html [accessed 5 May 2011].
Mullen, M.A. Highland, H.A. Taggart, R.E. Lingren, B.W.. 1992. Insect monitoring system. United States Patent 5,090,153.
Naylor, A.F. 1959. An experimental analysis of dispersal in the flour beetle, Tribolium confusum. Ecology, 40: 453465.
Ogden, J.C. 1970. Aspects of dispersal in Tribolium flour beetles. Physiological Zoology, 43: 124131.
Park, T. 1948. Interspecies competition in populations of Tribolium confusum Duval and Tribolium castaneum Herbst. Ecological Monographs, 18: 265307.
Phillips, T.W. 1997. Semiochemicals of stored-product insects: research and applications. Journal of Stored Products Research, 33: 1730.
Phillips, T.W. Jiang, X.L. Burkholder, W.E. Phillips, J.K. Tran, H.Q. 1993. Behavioral responses to food volatiles by two species of stored-product coleoptera Sitophilus oryzae (Curculionidae) and Tribolium castaneum (Tenebrionidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 19: 723734.
Phillips, T.W. Cogan, P.M. Fadamiro, H.Y. 2000. Pheromones. In Alternatives to pesticides in stored-product IPM. Edited by Subramanyam, B. and Hagstrum, D.W.. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 273302.
Pierce, L.H. 1994. Using pheromones for location and suppression of phycitid moths and cigarette beetles in Hawaii — a five-year summary. In Proceedings of the 6th International Working Conference on Stored-Product Protection, 17–23 April 1994,Canberra, Australia. Edited by Highley, E., Wright, E.J., Banks, H.J., and Champ, B.R.. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom. 439443.
Posner, E.S. Hibbs, A.N. 2005. Wheat flour milling. American Association of Cereal Chemists Inc., St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America.
Rees, D.P. 2004. Insects of stored products. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia..
Rigaux, M. Haubruge, E. Fields, P.G. 2001. Mechanisms for tolerance to diatomaceous earth between strains of Tribolium castaneum. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 101: 3339.
Romero, S.A. Campbell, J.F. Nechols, J.R. With, K.A. 2010. Movement behavior of red flour beetle: response to habitat cues and patch boundaries. Environmental Entomology, 39: 919929.
SAS Institute Inc. 2006. SAS version 9.1.3 [computer program]. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina.
Semeao, A.A. Campbell, J.F. Whitworth, R.J. Sloderbeck, P.E. 2011. Response of Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum adults to vertical black shapes and its potential to improve trap capture. Journal of Stored Products Research, 47: 8894.
Sokoloff, A. 1974. The biology of Tribolium with special emphasis on genetic aspects. Vol. 2. Clarendon Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Sousa, A.H. Faroni, L.R.D.A. Pimentel, M.A.G. Guedes, R.N.C. 2009. Developmental and population growth rates of phosphine-resistant and -susceptible populations of stored-product insect pests. Journal of Stored Products Research, 45: 241246.
Subramanyam, B. Hagstrum, D.W. 2000. Monitoring and decision tools. In Alternatives to pesticides in stored-product IPM. Edited by Subramanyam, B. and Hagstrum, D.W.. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 128.
Suzuki, T. Mori, K. 1983. (4R,8R)-(-)-4,8-dimethyldecanal: the natural aggregation pheromone of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 18: 134136.
Suzuki, T. Kozaki, J. Sugawara, R. 1984. Biological activities of the analogs of the aggregation pheromone of Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 19: 1520.
Systat Software Inc. 2006. SigmaStat® version 3.5. Systat Software Inc. San Jose, California.
Toews, M.D. Arthur, F.H. Campbell, J.F. 2005. Role of food and structural complexity on capture of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in simulated warehouses. Environmental Entomology, 34: 164169.
Trematerra, P. Sciarretta, A. 2004. Spatial distribution of some beetles infesting a feed mill withspatio-temporal dynamics of Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum. Journal of Stored Products Research, 40: 363377.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed