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Expert Testimony by a Bioethicist: Perspectives and Practice




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1. Jonsen, AR. The Birth of Bioethics. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 1998.

2. In re Quinlan, 355 A.2d 647 (N.J. 1976).

3. Joseph and Julia Quinlan, Karen Ann: The Quinlan’s Tell Their Story. New York: Doubleday; 1977.

4. de Tocqueville, A. (Schiefer J, trans.) Democracy in America. London: Saunders and Otley; 1835.

5. In the Matter of Karen Quinlan, An Alleged Incompetent. 70 N.J. 10; 355 A.2d 647 (1976).

6. Delgado, R, McAllen, P. The moralist as expert witness. Boston University Law Review. 1982;62:869926.

7. Fletcher, JC. Bioethics in a legal forum: confessions of an expert witness. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1999;22:297324.

8. Sharpe, VA, Pellegrino, ED. Medical ethics in the courtroom: A reappraisal. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1997;22:323–79.

9. Superintendent of Belchertown State School v. Saikewicz 373 Mass 728, 370 N.E. 2d 417 (1977).

10. Cowley C. A new rejection of moral expertise. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2005;8:273–9.

11. Scofield, GR. Ethics consultation: The least dangerous profession. Cambridge Quarterly of Health Care Ethics 1993;2(4):417–48.

12. Scofield GR. Is the medical ethicist an expert? Bioethics Bulletin 1994;3(1):28.

13. Henley D. The garden of Allah. In: Actual Miles: Henry’s Greatest Hits (1995); available at (last accessed 26 Aug 2016). Cited in Oriola TA. The propriety of expert testimony in the courtroom: A discourse. The Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law. 2006;6:1–24.

14. Mishkin DB. Proffering bioethicists as experts. Judges Journal 1971:50 ff.

15. Imwinkelried EJ. Expert testimony by ethicists: What should be the norm? Temple Law Review 2003;76:91–128.

16. Chastleton Corp. v. Sinclair, 264 U.S. 543, 548 (1924).

17. Annas, G. Standard of Care: The Law of American Bioethics. New York: Oxford University Press; 1993.

18. Paris JJ. The domination of law in American bioethics: A response to Annas. In Grodin MA, ed. Meta Medical Ethics, Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer; 1995.

19. Superintendent of Belchertown State School v. Saikewicz. 373 Mass. 728, 370 N.E. 2d 417 (1977).

20. Wigmore, JH. Wigmore on Evidence, 4th ed., Best ed., New York: Aspen Publishers; 2015.

21. Kopelman LM. Bioethics as a second-order discipline: Who is a bioethicist? The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2006;31:601–28.

22. Bacchiochi v. Johnson Memorial Hospital. Conn. Superior Court, Hartford, March 18 1982 (unreported bench hearing).

23. In the Matter of Shirley Dinnerstein, 6 Mass App. Ct. 455 (1972).

24. Fletcher J. Bioethics in a legal forum. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1997;22:297–324.

25. Kipnis, K. Confessions of an expert ethics witness. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1997;22:325–43.

26. Brophy v. New England Sinai Hospital, 398 Mass. 417 (1986).

27. Weber v. Stony Brook Hospital, 456 N.E. 2d 1186, 469 N.Y.S. 2d 63 (1983).

28. Barber v. Superior Court, 147 Cal. App. 3d 1006 (1983).

29. In re Jobes, 529 A. 2d 434 N.J. (1987)

30. In re Claire C. Conroy, 98 N.J. 321, 486 A 2d 1209 (1985).

31. Gray v. Romero, 697 F. Sup. 580 R.I. (1988).

32. Cruzan v. Director Missouri Dept. of Health, 497 US 261 (1990).

33. Helft PR, Siegler M, Lantos J. The rise and fall of the futility movement. New England Journal of Medicine 2000;343:293–6.

34. Paris JJ, Crone RK, Reardon FE. Physician refusal of requested treatment: The case of Baby L. New England Journal of Medicine 1990;322:1012–5.

35. Matter of Baby K 16 F. 3d 590 (4th Cir. 1994).

36. Paris JJ, Cassen EH, Dec W, Reardon FE. Use of a DNR order over family objections: The case of Gilgunn v. MGH. Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 1999;14:41–5.

37. Paris JJ, Billings JA, Cummings B, Moreland MP. Howe v. MGH and Hudson v. Texas Children’s Hospital: Two approaches to resolving family-physician disputes in end-of-life care. Journal of Perinatology 2006;26:726–9; Hudson v. Texas Children’s Hospital 177 SW 3rd 232 (2005).

38. Paris JJ, Goldsmith JP, Cimperman M. Resuscitation of a micropremie: The case of MacDonald v. Milleville,” Journal of Perinatology 1998;18:302–5.

39. Judge Harry Hammer, personal communication, 18 Feb 1981.

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Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • ISSN: 0963-1801
  • EISSN: 1469-2147
  • URL: /core/journals/cambridge-quarterly-of-healthcare-ethics
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