CHALLENGES to the mandatory life sentence by way of judicial review continue to hit the courts. Among the most dramatic are R. v. Lichniak and R. v. Pyrah  EWHC Admin 294,  3 W.L.R. 933, where it was argued that the mandatory sentence violated Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (prohibition of torture or degrading treatment or punishment) because it was disproportionate, and that it violated Article 5 of the Convention (right to liberty and security) because it was arbitrary. When Scott Baker J. granted leave to apply for judicial review he ordered that the court should sit both as a Divisional Court and as the Court of Appeal (Criminal Division). Kennedy L.J., giving the judgment of the Court of Appeal, held that “the most attractive route” was for the Court to sit as a division of the Court of Appeal.