Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Policy Agendas, Party Control, and PAC Contributions in the American States

  • Justin H. Kirkland (a1), Virginia Gray (a1) and David Lowery (a2)

Abstract

In this research we hypothesize that aggregate PAC behavior is conditional in nature. PACs in a specific issue sector donate more to a certain political party's candidates the more that political party controls the legislature. However, the more active the legislature is on a specific set of issues the more people/groups/PACs are mobilized in response to the issue. Thus, a conditional relationship emerges where aggregate PAC donations to a political party are a function of party control, agenda activity, and an interaction of the two. We test this conditional theory using data from the Institute on Money in State Politics database on PAC donations to state legislative candidates divided into issue sectors. Our results provide support for our hypotheses that aggregate PAC donations to a political party's candidates are conditional on the level of agenda activity on the issues that concern the PACs.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Baumgartner, Frank R. & Jones, Bryan D. 1993. Agendas and Instability in American Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Baumgartner, Frank R., Gray, Virginia, and Lowery, David. 2009. “Federal Policy Activity and the Mobilization of State Lobbying Organizations.” Political Research Quarterly 62: 552567.
Beck, Roger, Hoskin, Colin, and Martin Connelly, J. 1992. “Rent Extraction through Politi-cal Extortion: An Empirical Examination.” Journal of Legal Studies 21: 217232.
Berkman, Michael B. 2001. “Legislative Professionalism and the Demand for Groups: The Institutional Context of Interest Population Density.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 26: 661679.
Brambor, Thomas, Roberts Clark, William, and Golder, Matt. 2006. “Understanding Interaction Models: Improving Empirical Analyses.” Political Analysis. 14: 6382.
Coughlin, Peter J., Mueller, Dennis C., and Murrell, Peter. 1990. “Electoral Politics, Interest Groups, and the Size of Government.” Economic Inquiry. 28: 682705.
Drew, Elizabeth. 1999. The Corruption of American Politics. Woodstock, New York: The Overlook Press.
Evans, Diana. 1988. “Oil PACs and Aggressive Contribution Strategies.” The Journal of Politics. 50: 10471056.
Fellowes, Matthew, Gray, Virginia, and Lowery, David. 2006. “What's on the Table? The Content of State Policy Agendas.” Party Politics 12: 3555.
Gelman, Andrew and Hill, Jennifer. 2007. Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models. New York, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gray, Virginia and Lowery, David. 1996. The Population Ecology of Interest Representation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Gray, Virginia and Lowery, David. 1997. “Reconceptualizing PAC Formation: It's Not a Collective Action Problem, and It May Be an Arms Race.” American Politics Research. 25: 319346.
Gray, Virginia, Lowery, David, Fellowes, Matthew, Anderson, and Jennifer L. 2005. “Legislative Agendas and Interest Advocacy: Understanding the Demand Side of Lobbying.” American Politics Research. 33: 404434.
Grier, Kevin B. and Munger, Michael C. 1993. “Comparing Interest Group PAC Contributions to House and Senate Incumbents, 1980-1986.” The Journal of Politics. 55: 615643.
Gross, Donald A., Goidel, Robert K., and Shields, Todd G. 2002. “State Campaign Finance Regulations and Electoral Competition.” American Politics Research. 30: 143165.
Hall, Richard L. and Wayman, Frank W. 1990. “Buying Time: Moneyed Interests and the Mobilization of Bias in Congressional Committees.” The American Political Science Review. 84: 797820.
Holbrook, Thomas M. and LaRaja, Ray. 2007. “Parties and Elections.” In Politics in the American States: A Comparative Analysis, 9th Edition, eds. Gray, Virginia and Hanson, Russell L. Washington DC: CQ Press.
Jones, Bryan D. and Baumgartner, Frank. 2005. The Politics of Attention: How Governments Prioritize Problems. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Leech, Beth L., Baumgartner, Frank R., La Pira, Timothy, and Semanko, Nicholas A. 2005. “Drawing Lobbyists to Washington: Government Activity and Interest-Group Mobilization.” Political Research Quarterly. 58: 1930.
Lowery, David, Gray, Virginia, Benz, Jennifer, Deason, Mary, Kirkland, Justin, and Sykes, Jennifer. 2009. “Understanding the Relationship between Health PACs and Health Lobbying in the American States.” Publius. 39: 7094.
Lowery, David, Gray, Virginia, and Fellowes, Matthew. 2005. “Organized Interests and Political Extortion: A Test of the Fetcher Bill Hypothesis.” Social Science Quarterly. 86: 368385.
Lowery, David, Gray, Virginia, Fellowes, Matthew, and Anderson, Jennifer. 2004. “Living in the Moment: Lags, Leads, and the Link Between Legislative Agendas and Interest Advocacy.” Social Science Quarterly. 85: 463477.
McChesney, Fred S. 1997. Money for Nothing. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Mueller, Dennis G. and Murrell, Peter. 1986. “Interest Groups and the Size of Government.” Public Choice. 48: 125145.
Peltzman, Sam. 1976. “Towards a More General Theory of Regulation.” Journal of Law and Economics. 19: 211240.
Romer, Thomas and Snyder, James M. Jr. 1994. “An Empirical Investigation of the Dynamics of PAC Contributions.” American Journal of Political Science. 38: 745769.
Shugart, William F. and Tollison, Robert D. 1986. “On the Growth of Government and the Political Economy of Legislation.” Research in Law and Economics. 9: 111127.
Squire, Peverill. 2007. “Measuring State Legislative Professionalism: The Squire Index Revisited.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly. 7: 211227.
Stratmann, Thomas. 1992. “Are Contributors Rational? Untangling Strategies of Political Action Committees.” The Journal of Political Economy. 100: 647664.
Stratmann, Thomas and Aparicio-Castillo, Francisco J. 2006. “Competition Policy for Elections: Do Campaign Contribution Limits Matter?Public Choice. 127: 177206.
Stigler, George. 1971. “The Theory of Economic Regulation.” Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science. 2: 321.
Thielemann, Gregory S. & Dixon, Donald R. 1994. “Explaining Contributions: Rational Contributors and the Elections for the 71st Texas House.” Legislative Studies Quarterly. 19: 495506.
West, Darrell M. 2000. Checkbook Democracy. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Policy Agendas, Party Control, and PAC Contributions in the American States

  • Justin H. Kirkland (a1), Virginia Gray (a1) and David Lowery (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.