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French mercenaries in the Habsburg-Ottoman war of 1593–1606: the desertion of the Papa garrison to the Ottomans in 16001

  • C. F. Finkel (a1)

Extract

The period from the late sixteenth century has been characterized in Ottoman historiography as one of fundamental change in the composition of the army. One of the features of this change was the gradual replacement of the tīmār-based cavalry force, to whom were awarded benefices in return for military service, by provincial levies able to use muskets (tüfenk), often hired only for the duration of a single campaign. Although the extent to which such changes were directly prompted by the supposedly superior technology which the Ottomans encountered when fighting the Habsburgs on their western borders remains open to further research, that there was a radical transformation which relied on the greatly increased use of firearms is beyond doubt.

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Istanbul

Başbakanlik ArŞivi (BBA):

KK = Kâmil Kepeci Tasnifi 254, 1879, 1885

MMD = Mâliyeden Müdeyver Defterler 788, 807, 827, 893, 2725.

MD = Mühimme Defterleri 83

D.BRZ 20649.

Topkapi Sarayi Kütüphanesi

Ahmet Ḥasanbegzade Tārīḥ-i āl-i ‘osmān, MS Bağdad Köşkü 207

London

Public Record Office (PRO)

SP State Papers 101/94.

Vienna

Haus-, Hof- u. Staatsarchiv (HHStA)

Türkische Urkunden 1600, VI.23-VII.2.

Österreichisches Nationalbibliothek

‘Abdülḳadir Efendi Veḳāyi’-i Tarīḥiyye. MS Mxt. 130

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French mercenaries in the Habsburg-Ottoman war of 1593–1606: the desertion of the Papa garrison to the Ottomans in 16001

  • C. F. Finkel (a1)

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