Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Reciprocal crosses between two populations of Trissolcus vassilievi (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) reveal maternal effects on thermal phenotypes

  • S. Iranipour (a1), P. BenaMolaei (a1), S. Asgari (a2) and J.P. Michaud (a3)

Abstract

The egg parasitoid Trissolcus vassilievi (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) is a significant natural enemy of the sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae), the most important pest of wheat in Iran. This study examined the developmental time and egg-to-adult survival of two geographically separate populations of T. vassilievi on two corresponding host populations at five constant temperatures ranging from 15.0 to 35.0±1°C. No wasps of either population emerged at 15.0°C and the temperature threshold for development was similar between populations, ranging from 13.1±0.3 to 13.8±0.4°C for males and 12.2±0.1 to 12.6±0.1°C for females, but the thermal constant varied with gender and parasitoid population. Development of wasps from the colder Tabriz location was slower, with thermal constants for males and females of 172.6±3.1 and 204.1±1.2 degree-days, respectively, compared to Varamin wasps with 164.7±3.0 and 195.6±1.3 degree-days, respectively. Based on genetic inheritance patterns, reciprocal crosses between the two populations were expected to result in females with thermal phenotypes intermediate to their parental populations, and males that resembled their mothers. However, female progeny of crosses more closely resembled their maternal population, indicating a maternal effect on thermal phenotype. Furthermore, the magnitude of the maternal effect on the thermal constant was asymmetric and was more strongly expressed by Varmin than Tabriz females. These results suggest the possibility of using selective crosses between wasp populations, in combination with artificial selection in the laboratory, to tune the thermal phenotype of parasitoids to specific regions prior to augmentative releases.

Copyright

Corresponding author

* Author for correspondence Phone: +984133392034 Fax: +984133356006 Email: shiranipour@tabrizu.ac.ir

References

Hide All
Al-Izzi, M.A.J., Amin, A.B.M. & Al-Assadi, H.S. (2004) The role of biocontrol agents in decreasing the population of sunn insect Eurygaster integriceps Puton in wheat fields in the north of Iraq, p. 16 in Second International Conference on Sunn Pest, 19–22 July 2004, ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria.
Amir Maafi, M. (2000) An investigation on the host-parasitoid system between Trissolcus grandis Thomson (Hym.: Scelionidae) and sunn pest eggs. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran, 220 pp. [in Persian, English abstract].
Anthony, A.H., Robert, C.V. & Jonathan, P.L. (2013) Cold tolerance of Chinese emerald ash borer parasitoids: Spathius agrili Yang (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), Tetrastichus planipennisi Yang (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), and Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Biological Control 67, 516529.
Arakawa, R. & Namura, Y. (2002) Effects of temperature on development of three Trissolcus spp. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoids of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Entomological Science 5, 215218.
Bursell, E. (1964) Environmental aspects: temperature. pp. 283321 in Rockstein, M. (Ed) The Physiology of Insecta, Vol. 1. New York and London, Academic Press.
Campbell, A., Frazer, B.D., Gilbert, N., Gutierrez, A.P. & Mackauer, M. (1974) Temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites. Journal of Applied Ecology 11, 431438.
Chabi-Olaye, A., Schulthess, F., Poehling, H.M. & Borgemeister, C. (2001) Factors affecting the biology of Telenomus isis (Polaszek) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), an egg parasitoid of cereal stem borers in West Africa. Biological Control 21, 4454.
Cividanes, F.J., Figueiredo, J.G. & Carvalho, D.R. (1998) Prediction of the emergence of Trissolcus brochymenae (Ashmead) and Telenomus podisi Ashmead (Hym: Scelionidae) in the field. Scientia Agricola 55, 4347.
Colinet, H. & Boivin, G. (2011) Insect parasitoids cold storage: a comprehensive review of factors of variability and consequences. Biological Control 58, 8395.
Colinet, H., Salin, C., Boivin, G. & Hance, T.H. (2005) Host age and fitness-related traits in a koinobiont aphid parasitoid. Ecological Entomology 30(4), 473479.
Dreyfus, A. & Breuer, M.E. (1944) Chromosomes and sex determination in the parasitic hymenopteron Telenomus fariai (Lima). Genetics 29, 7582.
Foray, V., Desouhant, E., Voituron, Y., Larvor, V., Renault, D., Colinet, H. & Gibert, P. (2013) Does cold tolerance plasticity correlate with the thermal environment and metabolic profiles of a parasitoid wasp? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 164(1), 7783.
Godray, H.C.J. (1994) Parasitoids: Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology. Princeton, NJ, USA, Princeton University Press, 473 pp.
Grassberger, M. & Reiter, Ch. (2002) Effect of temperature on development of the forensically important holarctic blow fly Protophormia terraenovae (Robineau-Desvoidy) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Forensic Science International 128(3), 177182.
Guz, N., Kocak, E. & Kilincer, N. (2013) Molecular phylogeny of Trissolcus species (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 48, 8591.
Haghshenas, A. (2004) Protection and conservation of sunn pest tachinid and scelionid parasitoids in Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari province. p. 5 in Proceedings of the 16th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, 28 August – 1 September, 2004, vol. 1. University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
Hamilton, W.D. (1967) Extraordinary sex ratios. Science 156, 477488.
Harvey, J.A. (2000) Dynamic effects of parasitism by an endoparasitoid wasp on the development of two host species: implications for host quality and parasitoid fitness. Ecological Entomology 25(3), 267278.
Harvey, J.A. & Strand, M.R. (2002) The developmental strategies of endoparasitoid waspa vary with host feeding ecology. Ecology 83, 24392451.
Higley, L.G., Pedigo, L.P. & Ostile, K.R. (1986) DegDay: a program for calculation of degree-days and assumptions behined the degree-day approach. Environmental Entomology 15, 9991016.
Honek, A. (1996) Geographical variation in thermal requirements for insect development. European Journal of Entomology 93, 303312.
Ikemoto, T. & Takai, K. (2000) A new linearized formula for the law of total effective temperature and the evaluation of line-fitting methods with both variables subject to error. Environmental Entomology 29, 671682.
Iranipour, S., Nozadbonab, Z. & Michaud, J.P. (2010) Thermal requirements of Trissolcus grandis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), an egg parasitoid of sunn pest. European Journal of Entomology 107, 4753.
Ishihara, M. (1998) Geographical variation in insect developmental period: effect of host plant phenology on the life cycle of the bruchid seed feeder Kytorhinus sharpianus . Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 87, 311319.
Islamoĝlu, M. (2012) Some biological characteristics of Gryon monspeliensis (Picard) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) on eggs of Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). Turkiye Entomoloji Dergisi 36, 391399.
Kasraee, N., Moeini-Naghadeh, N., Zamani, A.A., Asgari, S. & Mahjoob, S.M. (2010) Influence of temperature on development and parasitism of Trissolcus vassilievi (Hym., Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps (Hem., Scutelleridae) under laboratory conditions. p. 28 in Manzari, S. (Ed) Proceedings of the 19th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, 31 July – 3 August, 2010, Vol. 1. Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, Iran.
Khattab, M.A. (2013) Influence of three constant temperatures on some biological aspects of Nezara viridula (L.) and the egg parasitoid, Trissolcus basalis (Woll.). Journal of Applied Science Research 9, 37183722.
Kirkpatrick, M. & Lande, R. (1989) The evolution of maternal characters. Evolution 43, 485503.
Kivan, M. & Kiliç, N. (2005) Effects of storage at low-temperature of various heteropteran host eggs on the egg parasitoid, Trissolcus semistriatus . Biocontrol 50, 589600.
Kivan, M. & Kiliç, N. (2006). Effects of temperature on reproductive capacity and longevity of Trissolcus simoni, an egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps. Journal of Pest Science 78, 105108.
Kozlov, M.A. & Kononova, S.V. (1983) Telenominae of the fauna of the USSR (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae, Telenominae). Leningrad Nauka Publisher, 136, 336 pp. [in Russian].
Kumral, N.A., Kovanci, B. & Akbudak, B. (2008) Using degree-day accumulations and host phenology for predicting larval emergence patterns of the olive psyllid, Euphyllura phillyreae . Journal of Pest Science 81, 6369.
Li, B. & Mills, N. (2004) The influence of temperature on size as an indicator of host quality for the development of a solitary koinobiont parasitoid. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 110(3), 249256.
Loch, A.D. & Walter, G.H. (2002) Mating behavior of Trissolcus basalis (Wollaston) (Hymenoptera : Scelionidae): potential for outbreeding in a predominantly inbreeding species. Journal of Insect Behavior 15(1), 1323.
Logan, D.P. & Thomson, C. (2002) Temperature dependent development of parasitoids on two species of armoured scal insects. New Zealand Plant Protection 55, 361367.
Messenger, P.S. (1959 a) Bioclimatic studies with insects. Annual Review of Entomology 4, 183206.
Messenger, P.S. (1959 b) Bioclimatic inputs to biological control and pest management programs. pp. 8499 in Robb, R.L. & Guthrie, F.E. (Eds), Concepts of Pest Management. Raleigh, NC, USA, North Carolina State University Press.
Moeini-Naghadeh, N., Kasraee, N., Asgari, S., Zamani, A.A. & Mahjoob, S.M. (2010) Temperature thresholds and degree-day requirements of Trissolcus vassilievi (Hym., Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps (Hem., Scutelleridae). p. 40 in Manzari, S. (Ed) Proceedings of the 19th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, 31 July–3 August, 2010, vol. 1. Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, Iran.
Nozad Bonab, Z. & Iranipour, S. (2009) Seasonal changes in egg parasitoid fauna of sunn-pest Eurygaster integriceps Puton in wheat fields of new Bonab County, Iran. pp. 159160 in Proceedings of the 6th Asia-Pacific Congress of Entomology, 18–22 October, 2009, Beijing, China.
Nozad Bonab, Z. & Iranipour, S. (2012) Development of Trissolcus grandis (Thomson) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) on two factitious hosts Graphosoma lineatum (L.) and G. semipunctatum (F.) (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) at three constant temperatures. Journal of Applied Research in Plant Protection 1, 5167.
Nozad Bonab, Z., Iranipour, S. & Farshbaf Pourabad, R. (2014) Demographic parameters of two populations of Trissolcus grandis (Thomson) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) at five constant temperatures. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 16, 969979.
Peterson, R.K. & Meyer, S.J. (1994) Relating degree-day accumulations to calendar dates: Alfalfa weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) egg hatch in the North Central United States. Environmental Entomology 24, 14041407.
Radjabi, G. (2000) Ecology of Cereal Sunn Pests in Iran. Tehran, Agricultural Research, Education, Extension and Organization Press, 343 pp. [in Persian].
Radjabi, G. (2007) Sunn Pest Management Based on Its Outbreaks: Key Factor Analysis in Iran. Ministry of Jihad – Agriculture, Agricultural Research and Education Organization Publication, Tehran, Iran.
Radjabi, G. & Amir Nazari, M. (1989) Egg parasites of sunn pest in the central part of Iranian plateau. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 56, 112 [in Persian, English abstract].
Rasanen, K. & Kruuk, L.E.B. (2007) Maternal effects and evolution at ecological time-scales. Functional Ecology 21, 408421.
Ratt, H.T. (1985) Temperature and insect development. pp 3366 in Hoffman, K.H. (Ed), Environmental Physiology and Biochemistry of Insects. Berlin, Germany, Springer Verlag.
Safavi, M. (1973) Etude bio-ecologique des Hymenoptères parasites des oeufs des punaises des cereales en Iran. Tehran, Iran, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 159 pp. [in Persian].
SAS Institute (2011) SAS/STAT User's Guide. Cary, NC, USA, SAS Institute.
Sheikhmoss, S. (2009) Ecological and biological study of two species of genus Trissolcus. The egg parasitoids on sunn pest eggs in Syria. General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research, Kameshli Research Center. Avialable at http://www.gcsar.gov.sy/gcsarEN/spip.php?article228 (accessed 10 February 2013).
Shelford, V.E. (1927) An experimental study of the relations of the codling moth to weather and climate. Illinois Natural History Survey 16, 311440.
Sjoberg, P., Swiergiel, W., Neupane, D., Lennartsson, E., Thierfelder, T., Tasin, M. & Rämert, B. (2014) Evaluation of temperature sum models and timing of Quassia amara (Simaroubaceae) wood-chip extract to control apple sawfly (Hoplocampa testudinea Klug) in Sweden. Journal of Pest Science 87, 110.
Torres, J.B., Pratissoli, D. & Zanuncio, J.C. (1997) Thermal requirements and development of the egg parasitoids Telenomus podisi Ashmead and Trissolcus brochymenae (Ashmead) on the predator stink bug Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas). Annals of the Entomological Society of Brazil 26, 445453.
Torres, J.B., Musolin, D.L. & Zanuncio, J.C. (2002) Thermal requirements and parasitism capacity of Trissolcus brochymenae (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) under constant and fluctuating temperatures, and assessment of development in field conditions. Biocontrol Science and Technology 12, 583593.
Trissi, A.N., El-Bouhssini, M. and Kzaez, A. (2009) The effect of temperature on some biological characteristics of Trissolcus vassilievi Mayr, an egg parasitoid of sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps Puton). Arab Journal of Plant Protection 27, 1013.
Vargas, G.A., Michaud, J.P. & Nechols, J.R. (2012) Cryptic maternal effects in the ladybird beetle Hippodamia convergens vary with maternal age and body size. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 146, 302311.
Vargas, G.A., Michaud, J.P., Nechols, J.R. & Moreno, C.A. (2014) Age-specific maternal effects interact with larval food supply to modulate a developmental polymorphism in Coleomegilla maculata . Ecological Entomology 39, 3946.
Waage, J.K. (1986) Family planning in parasitoids: Adaptive patterns of progeny and sex allocation. pp. 63–95. In Waage, J. & Greathed, D. (Eds), Insect Parasitoids. Academic Press, London.
Wade, M.J. (1998) The evolutionary genetics of maternal effects. pp. 521 in Mousseau, T.A. & Fox, C.W. (Eds), Maternal Effects as Adaptations. New York, Oxford University Press.
Wagner, T.L., Wu, H.I., Sharpe, P.H.I., Schoofield, R.M. & Coulson, R.N. (1984) Modeling distributions of insect development time: a literature review and application of the Weibull function. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 77, 457487.
Wilstermann, A. & Vidal, S. (2013) Western corn rootworm egg hatch and larval development under constant and varying temperatures. Journal of Pest Science 86, 110.
Zar, J.H. (1984) Biostatistical Analysis. NY, USA, Prentice Hall.
Zomorrodi, A. (1961) A progress in biological control of sunn pest. Entomologie et Phytopathologie Appliquees 20, 1623 [in Persian, English abstract].

Keywords

Reciprocal crosses between two populations of Trissolcus vassilievi (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) reveal maternal effects on thermal phenotypes

  • S. Iranipour (a1), P. BenaMolaei (a1), S. Asgari (a2) and J.P. Michaud (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed