Agustí, N., Shayler, S.P., Harwood, J.D., Vaughan, I.P., Sunderland, K.D. & Symondson, W.O.C. (2003) Collembola as alternative prey sustaining spiders in arable ecosystems: prey detection within predators using molecular markers. Molecular Ecology 12, 3467–3475.
Axelsen, J.A. & Kristensen, K.T. (2000) Collembola and mites in plots fertilised with different types of green manure. Pedobiologia 44, 556–566.
Bell, J.R., Bohan, D.A., Shaw, E.M. & Weyman, G.S. (2005) Ballooning dispersal using silk: world fauna, phylogienies, genetics and models. Bulletin of Entomological Research 95, 69–114.
Berg, M.P. & Hemerik, L. (2004) Secondary succession of terrestrial isopod, centipede, and millipede communities in grasslands under restoration. Biology and Fertility of Soils 40, 163–170.
Bird, S., Coulson, R.N. & Crossley, D.A. (2000) Impacts of silvicultural practices on soil and litter arthropod diversity in a Texas pine plantation. Forest Ecology and Management 131, 65–80.
Bonkowski, M. (2004) Protozoa and plant growth: the microbial loop in soil revisited. New Phytologist 162, 617–631.
Bradford, M.A., Jones, T.H., Bardgett, R.D., Black, H.I.J., Boag, B., Bonkowski, M., Cook, R., Eggers, T., Gange, A.C., Grayston, S.J., Kandeler, E., McCaig, A.E., Newington, J.E., Prosser, J.I., Setala, H., Staddon, P.L., Tordoff, G.M. & Tscherko, D. (2002) Impacts of soil faunal community composition on model grassland ecosystems. Science 298, 615–618.
Burt-Smith, G. (2003) Sourhope Field Experiment Report IV (1999–2002) The Macaulay Institute. Aberdeen.
Chapin, F.S., Walker, B.H., Hobbs, R.J., Hopper, D.U., Lawton, J.H., Sala, O.E. & Tilman, D. (1997) Biotic control over the functioning of ecosystem. Science 277, 500–503.
Chen, B. & Wise, D.H. (1999) Bottom-up limitation of predaceous arthropods in a detritus-based terrestrial food web. Ecology 80, 761–772.
Cole, L., Buckland, S.M. & Bardgett, R.D. (2005) Relating microarthropod community structure and diversity to soil fertility manipulation in temperate grassland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37, 1707–1717.
Coulson, J.C. & Butterfield, J. (1986) The spider communities on peat and upland grassland in northern England. Holarctic Ecology 9, 229–239.
Davidson, D.A., Bruneau, P.M.C., Grieve, I.C. & Young, I.M. (2002) Impacts of fauna on an upland grassland soil as determined by micromorphological analysis. Applied Soil Ecology 20, 133–143.
De Deyn, G.B., Raaijmakers, C.E. & Van der Putten, W.H. (2004) Plant community development is affected by nutrients and soil biota. Journal of Ecology 92, 824–834.
Denno, R.F., Gratton, C., Dobel, H. & Finke, D.L. (2003) Predation risk affects relative strength of top-down and bottom-up impacts on insect herbivores. Ecology 84, 1032–1044.
Fagan, W.F. & Denno, R.F. (2004) Stoichiometry of actual vs. potential predator-prey interactions: insights into nitrogen limitation for arthropod predators. Ecology Letters 7, 876–883.
Fjellberg, A. (1998) The Collembola of Fennoscandinavia and Denmark. Part I. Poduromorpha. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 35, 183 pp. Leiden, The Netherlands, Brill.
Fountain, M.T. & Hopkin, S.P. (2004) A comparative study of the effects of metal contamination on Collembola in the field and in the laboratory. Ecotoxicology 13, 573–587.
Frampton, G.K. (2002) Long-term impacts of an organophosphate-based regime of pesticides on field and field-edge Collembola communities. Pest Management Science 58, 991–1001.
Gange, A. (2000) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Collembola and plant growth. TREE 15, 369–372.
Gange, A.C. & Brown, V.K. (2002) Soil food web components affect plant community structure during early succession. Ecological Research 17, 217–227.
Gange, A.C. & Nice, H.E. (1997) Performance of the thistle gall fly, Urophora cardui, in relation to host plant nitrogen and mycorrhizal colonization. New Phytologist 137, 335–343.
Gratton, C. & Denno, R.F. (2003) Inter-year carryover effects of a nutrient pulse on Spartina plants, herbivores, and natural enemies. Ecology 84, 2692–2707.
Hairston, N.G. & Hairston, N.G.J. (1993) Cause-effect relationships in energy-flow, trophic structure, and interspecific interactions. Amateur Naturalist 142, 379–411.
Halaj, J. & Wise, D.H. (2002) Impact of a detrital subsidy on trophic cascades in a terrestrial grazing food web. Ecology 83, 3141–3151.
Harvey, P.R., Nellist, D.R. & Telfer, M.G. (2002) Provisional Atlas of British Spiders (Arachnida, Araneae), Volumes 1 & 2. Huntingdon, UK, Biological Records Centre.
Harwood, J.D., Sunderland, K.D. & Symondson, W.O.C. (2003) Web-location by linyphiid spiders: prey-specific aggregation and foraging strategies. Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 745–756.
Harwood, J.D., Sunderland, K.D. & Symondson, W.O.C. (2004) Prey selection by linyphiid spiders: molecular tracking of the effects of alternative prey on rates of aphid consumption in the field. Molecular Ecology 13, 3549–3560.
Hemerik, L. & Brussaard, L. (2002) Diversity of soil macro-invertebrates in grasslands under restoration succession. European Journal of Soil Biology 38, 145–150.
Hooper, D.U., Chapin, F.S., Ewel, J.J., Hector, A., Inchausti, P., Lavorel, S., Lawton, J.H., Lodge, D.M., Loreau, M., Naeem, S., Schmid, B., Setala, H., Symstad, A.J., Vandermeer, J. & Wardle, D.A. (2005) Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: A consensus of current knowledge. Ecological Monographs 75, 3–35.
Hopkin, S.P. (2000). A key to the Springtails of Britain and Ireland. AID GAP (Aids to Identification in Difficult Groups of Animals and Plants), test version.
Huhta, V., Karppinen, E., Nurminen, M. & Valpas, A. (1967) Effects of silvicultural practices upon arthropod, annelid and nematode populations in coniferous forest soil. Annales Zoologici Fennici 4, 58–143.
Huhta, V., Nurminen, M. & Valpas, A. (1969) Further notes on the effect of silvicultural practices upon the fauna of coniferous forest soil. Annales Zoologici Fennici 6, 327–334.
Huhta, V., Persson, T. & Setala, H. (1998) Functional implications of soil fauna diversity in boreal forests. Applied Soil Ecology 10, 277–288.
Jefferies, R.L. (1999) Herbivores, nutrients and trophic cascades in terrestrial environments.
Kajak, A. (1995) The role of soil predators in decomposition processes. European Journal of Entomology 92, 573–580.
Laakso, J. & Setälä, H. (1999) Sensitivity of primary production to changes in the architecture of belowground food webs. Oikos 87, 57–64.
Lindberg, N. & Persson, T. (2004) Effects of long-term nutrient fertilisation and irrigation on the microarthropod community in a boreal Norway spruce stand. Forest Ecology and Management 188, 125–135.
Lohm, U., Lundkvist, H., Persson, T. & Wirén, A. (1977) Effects of nitrogen fertilization on the abundance of enchytraeids and microarthropods in Scots pine forests. Studia Forestalia Suecica 140, 1–23.
Marc, P., Canard, A. & Ysnel, F. (1999) Spiders (Araneae) useful for pest limitation and bioindication. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 74, 229–273.
Marcussen, B.M., Axelsen, J.A. & Toft, S. (1999) The value of two Collembola species as food for a linyphiid spider. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 92, 29–36.
Masters, G.J., Brown, V.K. & Gange, A.C. (1993) Plant mediated interactions between above and belowground insect herbivores. Oikos 66, 148–151.
Moore, J.C., McCann, K., Setala, H. & De Ruiter, P.C. (2003) Top-down is bottom-up: Does predation in the rhizosphere regulate aboveground dynamics? Ecology 84, 846–857.
Moretti, M., Conedera, M., Duelli, P. & Edwards, P.J. (2002) The effects of wildfire on ground-active spiders in deciduous forests on the Swiss southern slope of the Alps. Journal of Applied Ecology 39, 321–336.
Murray, P.J., Cook, R., Currie, A.F., Dawson, L.A., Gange, A.C., Grayston, S.J. & Treonis, A.M. (2006) Interactions between fertilizer addition, plants and the soil environment: implications for soil faunal structure and diversity. Applied Soil Ecology 33, 199–207.
Naeem, S., Thompson, L.J., Lawler, S.P., Lawton, J.H. & Woodfin, R.W. (1994) Declining biodiversity can alter the performance of ecosystems. Nature 368, 734–737.
Niklaus, P.A., Alphei, D., Ebersberger, D., Kampichler, C., Kandeler, E. & Tscherko, D. (2003) Six years of in situ CO2 enrichment evoke changes in soil structure and soil biota of nutrient-poor grassland. Global Change Biology 9, 585–600.
Ormerod, S.J. & Rundle, S.D. (1998) Effects of experimental acidification and liming on terrestrial invertebrates: implications for calcium availability to vertebrates. Environmental Pollution 103, 183–191.
Polis, G.A. & Strong, D.R. (1996) Food web complexity and community dynamics. Amateur Naturalist 147, 813–846.
Roberts, M.J. (1993) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Vols 1–3. pp. 209, 224, 256. Colchester, UK, Harley Books.
Rodwell, J.S. (1992) British Plant Communities Volume 3. Grasslands and montane communities. 550 pp. Cambridger, UK, Cambridge University Press.
Rusek, J. & Marshall, V.G. (2000) Impacts of airborne pollutants on soil fauna. Annual Reviews of Ecology 31, 395–423.
Rushton, S.P., Topping, C.J. & Eyre, M.D. (1987) The habitat preferences of grassland spiders as identified using Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DECORANA). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Scociety. 7, 165–170.
Rypstra, A.L. & Marshall, S.D. (2005) Augmentation of soil detritus affects the spider community and herbivory in a soybean agroecosystems. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 116, 149–157.
Salamon, J.A., Alphei, J., Ruf, A., Schaefer, M., Scheu, S., Schneider, K., Suhrig, A. & Maraun, M. (2006) Transitory dynamic effects in the soil invertebrate community in a temperate deciduous forest: Effects of resource quality. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38, 209–221.
Salminen, J., Setala, H. & Haimi, J. (1997) Regulation of decomposer community structure and decomposition processes in herbicide stressed humus soil. Applied Soil Ecology 6, 265–274.
Santos, P.F., Phillips, J. & Whitford, W.G. (1981). The role of mites and nematodes in early stages of buried litter decomposition in a desert. Ecology 62, 664–669.
Scheu, S. & Schaefer, M. (1998) Bottom-up control of the soil macrofauna community in a beechwood on limestone: Manipulation of food resources. Ecology 79, 1573–1585.
Schmitz, O.J. (1993) Trophic extrapolation in grassland food chains: simple models and a field experiment. Oecologia 93, 327–335.
Schmitz, O.J. (1994) Resource edibility and trophic extrapolation in an old-field food web. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (USA) 91, 5364–5367.
Siemann, E. (1998) Experimental tests of effects of plant productivity and diversity on grassland arthropod diversity. Ecology 79, 2057–2070.
Smit, C.E., Schouten, A.J., Van den Brink, P.J., van Esbroek, M.L.P. & Posthuma, L. (2002) Effects of zinc contamination on a natural nematode community in outdoor soil mesocosms. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 42, 205–216.
Strong, D.R., Whipple, A.V., Child, A.L. & Dennis, B. (1999) Model selection for a subterranean trophic cascade: Root-feeding caterpillars and entomopathogenic nematodes. Ecology 80, 2750–2761.
Symondson, W.O.C., Glen, D.M., Wiltshire, C.W., Langdon, C.J. & Liddell, J.E. (1996) Effects of cultivation techniques and methods of straw disposal on predation by Pterostichus melanarius (Coleoptera: Carabidae) upon slugs (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in an arable field. Journal of Applied Ecology 33, 741–753.
Thornhill, W.A. (1983) The distribution and probable importance of linyphiid spiders living on the soil surface of sugar-beet fields. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6, 127–136.
Wardle, D.A. (1999) Biodiversity, ecosystems and interactions that transcend the interface. TREE 14, 125–127.
Wardle, D.A., Yeates, G.W., Watson, R.N. & Nicholson, K.S. (1995) The detritus food-web and the diversity of soil fauna as indicators of disturbance regimes in agroecosystems. Plant and Soil 170, 35–43.
Wardle, D.A., Verhoef, H.A. & Clarholm, M. (1998) Trophic relationships in the soil microfood-web: predicting the responses to a changing global environment. Global Change Biology 4, 713–727.
Wardle, D.A., Yeates, G.W., Williamson, W.M., Bonner, K.I. & Barker, G.M. (2004a). Linking aboveground and belowground communities: the indirect influence of aphid species identity and diversity on a three trophic level soil food web. Oikos 107, 283–294.
Wardle, D.A., Bardgett, R.D., Klironomos, J.N., Setala, H., van der Putten, W.H. & Wall, D.H. (2004b) Ecological linkages between aboveground and belowground biota. Science 304, 1629–1633.
Wardle, D.A., Williamson, W.M., Yeates, G.W. & Bonner, K.I. (2005) Trickle-down effects of aboveground trophic cascades on the soil food web. Oikos 111, 348–358.
Wise, D.H. (2004) Wandering spiders limit densities of a major micro-detritivore in the forest-floor food web. Pedobiologia 48, 181–188.
Wise, D.H. & Chen, B. (1999) Vertebrate predation does not limit density of a common forest-floor wolf spider: evidence from a field experiment. Oikos 84, 209–214.